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Original Research 
RMJ. 2020; 45(4): 822-825


Comparison of the frequency of menorrhagia in post-tubal ligation women versus normal (non-tubal ligation) women

Sana Ujala, Ammad Masood, Najma Shaheen.

Abstract
Objective: To find out the frequency of menorrhagia after tubal ligation in Bahawalpur, Pakistan.
Methodology: We included 60 women with ligated and non-ligated fallopian tubes aged between 20 and 40 years in this study. Those with hypertension, diabetes, kidney failure, heart failure, and pelvic disease were excluded. The ligated group included women who were ligated for ≥1 year, while the non-ligated group included women who used condoms. Outcome variable was menorrhagia (presence/absence).
Results: The average age of the women in the tubal ligation group was 29.775.16 years, while the average age of the women in the non-tubal ligation group was 28.874.94 years. The average parity in the tubal ligation group was 3.300.70, and that in the non-tubal ligation group was 3.330.66. The average BMI of the tubal ligation group was 29.332.19 kg/m2, and in non-tubal ligation group was 28.972.41 kg/m2. The incidence of menorrhagia in women with tubal ligation was 20 (66.67%), while in women without tubal ligation was 07 (23.33%), (p=0.001 and the relative risk was 2,86), which were significant. There was a positive correlation between tubal ligation and menorrhagia.
Conclusion: Menorrhagia occurred more frequently in women with tubal ligation than in women without tubal ligation.

Key words: Tubal ligation, menstruation, menorrhagia.


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Ujala S, Masood A, Shaheen N. Comparison of the frequency of menorrhagia in post-tubal ligation women versus normal (non-tubal ligation) women. RMJ. 2020; 45(4): 822-825.


Web Style

Ujala S, Masood A, Shaheen N. Comparison of the frequency of menorrhagia in post-tubal ligation women versus normal (non-tubal ligation) women. http://www.rmj.org.pk/?mno=97254 [Access: December 18, 2020].


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Ujala S, Masood A, Shaheen N. Comparison of the frequency of menorrhagia in post-tubal ligation women versus normal (non-tubal ligation) women. RMJ. 2020; 45(4): 822-825.



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Ujala S, Masood A, Shaheen N. Comparison of the frequency of menorrhagia in post-tubal ligation women versus normal (non-tubal ligation) women. RMJ. (2020), [cited December 18, 2020]; 45(4): 822-825.



Harvard Style

Ujala, S., Masood, . A. & Shaheen, . N. (2020) Comparison of the frequency of menorrhagia in post-tubal ligation women versus normal (non-tubal ligation) women. RMJ, 45 (4), 822-825.



Turabian Style

Ujala, Sana, Ammad Masood, and Najma Shaheen. 2020. Comparison of the frequency of menorrhagia in post-tubal ligation women versus normal (non-tubal ligation) women. Rawal Medical Journal, 45 (4), 822-825.



Chicago Style

Ujala, Sana, Ammad Masood, and Najma Shaheen. "Comparison of the frequency of menorrhagia in post-tubal ligation women versus normal (non-tubal ligation) women." Rawal Medical Journal 45 (2020), 822-825.



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Ujala, Sana, Ammad Masood, and Najma Shaheen. "Comparison of the frequency of menorrhagia in post-tubal ligation women versus normal (non-tubal ligation) women." Rawal Medical Journal 45.4 (2020), 822-825. Print.



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Ujala, S., Masood, . A. & Shaheen, . N. (2020) Comparison of the frequency of menorrhagia in post-tubal ligation women versus normal (non-tubal ligation) women. Rawal Medical Journal, 45 (4), 822-825.








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