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Original Research 
RMJ. 2020; 45(4): 930-933


Challenges to timely initiation of breast-feeding in rural area of District Sargodha, Pakistan

Umaira Zaib, Saleem Rana, Muhammad Ibrahim Ansari, Hafiz Azeem Akhtar, Kaleemullah Abro, Muhammad Siddique Ansari.

Abstract
Pakistan
Objective: To assess and find the barriers of timely initiation of breast feeding.
Methodology: This cross sectional study was conducted in rural area (2 Union councils) of District Sargodha with 202 child’s Mothers as sample size with systematic random sampling method. A questionnaire was developed for data collection. Frequencies for all the variables were recorded. Chi-square test of independence was used for identifying possible significant barriers influencing early initiation of breast feeding.
Results: Only 35.1% of the mothers started early breast feeding (within one hour after birth). 27.7% mothers had primary level education. Household income of the maximum (72%) study subjects was less then Rs. 10,000. 29.2% mothers were less than 20 years of age at marriage. Various barrier were highlighted for early initiation of breast feeding including number of children (p=0.00) and extended/nuclear family (p=0.00). Normal deliveries (p=0.00), deliveries at health care center/clinic (p=0.00), knowledge about the ANC (p=0.00), knowledge through media remained effective (p=0.00) and supportive, (p=0.00). Around 37.6% of females said that they were facing problems during breast feeding including low milk supply (69%) followed by sore nipples (15%), low birth weight (12%) and beast infections (4%). Another important aspect highlighted that 40.1% females provided Ghuti as baby’s first food; honey by 35.6%, green tea by 3% and Formula milk by 6.4%.
Conclusion: Low prevalence was due to lack of proper knowledge regarding the early initiation of breast feeding among the newly delivered mother are especially with cesarean delivery.

Key words: Nutrition, infant feeding, lactation.


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Zaib U, Rana S, Ansari MI, Akhtar HA, Abro K, Ansari MS. Challenges to timely initiation of breast-feeding in rural area of District Sargodha, Pakistan. RMJ. 2020; 45(4): 930-933.


Web Style

Zaib U, Rana S, Ansari MI, Akhtar HA, Abro K, Ansari MS. Challenges to timely initiation of breast-feeding in rural area of District Sargodha, Pakistan. http://www.rmj.org.pk/?mno=86867 [Access: December 18, 2020].


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Zaib U, Rana S, Ansari MI, Akhtar HA, Abro K, Ansari MS. Challenges to timely initiation of breast-feeding in rural area of District Sargodha, Pakistan. RMJ. 2020; 45(4): 930-933.



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Zaib U, Rana S, Ansari MI, Akhtar HA, Abro K, Ansari MS. Challenges to timely initiation of breast-feeding in rural area of District Sargodha, Pakistan. RMJ. (2020), [cited December 18, 2020]; 45(4): 930-933.



Harvard Style

Zaib, U., Rana, . S., Ansari, . M. I., Akhtar, . H. A., Abro, . K. & Ansari, . M. S. (2020) Challenges to timely initiation of breast-feeding in rural area of District Sargodha, Pakistan. RMJ, 45 (4), 930-933.



Turabian Style

Zaib, Umaira, Saleem Rana, Muhammad Ibrahim Ansari, Hafiz Azeem Akhtar, Kaleemullah Abro, and Muhammad Siddique Ansari. 2020. Challenges to timely initiation of breast-feeding in rural area of District Sargodha, Pakistan. Rawal Medical Journal, 45 (4), 930-933.



Chicago Style

Zaib, Umaira, Saleem Rana, Muhammad Ibrahim Ansari, Hafiz Azeem Akhtar, Kaleemullah Abro, and Muhammad Siddique Ansari. "Challenges to timely initiation of breast-feeding in rural area of District Sargodha, Pakistan." Rawal Medical Journal 45 (2020), 930-933.



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Zaib, Umaira, Saleem Rana, Muhammad Ibrahim Ansari, Hafiz Azeem Akhtar, Kaleemullah Abro, and Muhammad Siddique Ansari. "Challenges to timely initiation of breast-feeding in rural area of District Sargodha, Pakistan." Rawal Medical Journal 45.4 (2020), 930-933. Print.



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Zaib, U., Rana, . S., Ansari, . M. I., Akhtar, . H. A., Abro, . K. & Ansari, . M. S. (2020) Challenges to timely initiation of breast-feeding in rural area of District Sargodha, Pakistan. Rawal Medical Journal, 45 (4), 930-933.








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