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Original Research 
RMJ. 2019; 44(4): 785-788


Direct and indirect effect of emotional maltreatment on personality disorders of adults

Naila Batool, Muhammad Tahir Khalily.

Abstract
Objective: To examine the direct and indirect effect of emotional maltreatment on personality disorders of adults. We also investigated the mediation of maladaptive personality traits between emotional maltreatment on personality disorders of adults.
Methodology: Data from 1000 adult was collected from Pakistan by administering four scales including Questionnaire on Dimensions of Emotional Maltreatment at Home, Personality Inventory for DSM-5, and Personality Diagnostic Questionnaire. The study was completed in two years from May 2017 to May 2019.
Results: Maladaptive personality traits mediated between emotional maltreatment and cluster-B personality disorders. Maladaptive personality traits mediated between emotional maltreatment and cluster-C personality disorders.
Conclusion: Instead of post-development (after the diagnosis of personality disorders) interventions, the mental health practitioners should work on the preventive measures (i.e. on the prevention of emotional maltreatment), during the development of maladaptive traits, and finally to conversion of personality traits into personality disorders at a specific age level.

Key words: Emotional maltreatment, maladaptive traits, personality disorders.


 
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Pubmed Style

Batool N, Khalily MT. Direct and indirect effect of emotional maltreatment on personality disorders of adults. RMJ. 2019; 44(4): 785-788.


Web Style

Batool N, Khalily MT. Direct and indirect effect of emotional maltreatment on personality disorders of adults. http://www.rmj.org.pk/?mno=50522 [Access: March 28, 2020].


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Batool N, Khalily MT. Direct and indirect effect of emotional maltreatment on personality disorders of adults. RMJ. 2019; 44(4): 785-788.



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Batool N, Khalily MT. Direct and indirect effect of emotional maltreatment on personality disorders of adults. RMJ. (2019), [cited March 28, 2020]; 44(4): 785-788.



Harvard Style

Batool, N. & Khalily, . M. T. (2019) Direct and indirect effect of emotional maltreatment on personality disorders of adults. RMJ, 44 (4), 785-788.



Turabian Style

Batool, Naila, and Muhammad Tahir Khalily. 2019. Direct and indirect effect of emotional maltreatment on personality disorders of adults. Rawal Medical Journal, 44 (4), 785-788.



Chicago Style

Batool, Naila, and Muhammad Tahir Khalily. "Direct and indirect effect of emotional maltreatment on personality disorders of adults." Rawal Medical Journal 44 (2019), 785-788.



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Batool, Naila, and Muhammad Tahir Khalily. "Direct and indirect effect of emotional maltreatment on personality disorders of adults." Rawal Medical Journal 44.4 (2019), 785-788. Print.



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Batool, N. & Khalily, . M. T. (2019) Direct and indirect effect of emotional maltreatment on personality disorders of adults. Rawal Medical Journal, 44 (4), 785-788.








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