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Original Research 
RMJ. 2019; 44(4): 827-830


Role of Contraceptivesí Knowledge and Use in the Reduction of Family Size in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan

Muhammad Jawad, Anwar Alam, Mushtaq Ahmad Jadoon, Saima Sarir, Kamran Ishfaq.

Abstract
Objective: To determine the association between the contraceptive knowledge and use with the reduction in family size in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan.
Methodology: This cross sectional study was conducted in the Department of Sociology, University of Peshawar from March 2013 to June 2016. The data were collected from six communities; three each belonging to urban and rural localities in district Peshawar. A total of 384 respondents were interviewed from the households that had at least one reproductive age couple. Chi-square was applied to measure the association between dependent variable small family size.
Results: There was significant association of small family size with contraceptive use (p=0.000). Increased knowledge about the family planning motivated respondents to use contraceptives to decrease their family size (p=0.001). Contraceptive use was found further high among the educated couples (p=0.000) who also adopted contraceptives earlier than the illiteratesí respondents (p=0.000). Increased female empowerment in decision making was the other significant factor in contraceptive use (p=0.000).
Conclusion: A positive association between contraceptive use and decline in fertility was found due to increased awareness/knowledge about contraceptives. Female education and more say regarding decision making about contraceptive use was found.

Key words: Small family size, Fertility, Contraceptive use, Population control .


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Jawad M, Alam A, Jadoon MA, Sarir S, Ishfaq K. Role of Contraceptivesí Knowledge and Use in the Reduction of Family Size in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan. RMJ. 2019; 44(4): 827-830.


Web Style

Jawad M, Alam A, Jadoon MA, Sarir S, Ishfaq K. Role of Contraceptivesí Knowledge and Use in the Reduction of Family Size in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan. http://www.rmj.org.pk/?mno=46818 [Access: January 22, 2020].


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Jawad M, Alam A, Jadoon MA, Sarir S, Ishfaq K. Role of Contraceptivesí Knowledge and Use in the Reduction of Family Size in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan. RMJ. 2019; 44(4): 827-830.



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Jawad M, Alam A, Jadoon MA, Sarir S, Ishfaq K. Role of Contraceptivesí Knowledge and Use in the Reduction of Family Size in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan. RMJ. (2019), [cited January 22, 2020]; 44(4): 827-830.



Harvard Style

Jawad, M., Alam, . A., Jadoon, . M. A., Sarir, . S. & Ishfaq, . K. (2019) Role of Contraceptivesí Knowledge and Use in the Reduction of Family Size in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan. RMJ, 44 (4), 827-830.



Turabian Style

Jawad, Muhammad, Anwar Alam, Mushtaq Ahmad Jadoon, Saima Sarir, and Kamran Ishfaq. 2019. Role of Contraceptivesí Knowledge and Use in the Reduction of Family Size in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan. Rawal Medical Journal, 44 (4), 827-830.



Chicago Style

Jawad, Muhammad, Anwar Alam, Mushtaq Ahmad Jadoon, Saima Sarir, and Kamran Ishfaq. "Role of Contraceptivesí Knowledge and Use in the Reduction of Family Size in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan." Rawal Medical Journal 44 (2019), 827-830.



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Jawad, Muhammad, Anwar Alam, Mushtaq Ahmad Jadoon, Saima Sarir, and Kamran Ishfaq. "Role of Contraceptivesí Knowledge and Use in the Reduction of Family Size in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan." Rawal Medical Journal 44.4 (2019), 827-830. Print.



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Jawad, M., Alam, . A., Jadoon, . M. A., Sarir, . S. & Ishfaq, . K. (2019) Role of Contraceptivesí Knowledge and Use in the Reduction of Family Size in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan. Rawal Medical Journal, 44 (4), 827-830.








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