Open Access and Peer-reviewed
Home Journal Issues Guide for Authors Editorial Board Aims & Scope About Journal News & Announcements


Review Article 
RMJ. 2019; 44(4): 888-891


The mystery behind the exercise-induced muscle damage

Muhammad Mustafa Qamar , Muhammad Shahid Javed, Muhammad Zahoor ul Hassan Dogar, Ayesha Basharat, Akhtar Rasul.

Abstract
Repetitive, unfamiliar eccentric exercises lead to an ultrastructural muscle injury in the form of exercise-induced muscle damage. It is a common reason for decreased performance in sports and training. It is manifested by decreased muscle strength, pain, and restricted movements, swelling, stiffness, tenderness, and adjacent joint dysfunction. Mechanical damage and subsequent inflammatory process ascribed the initial muscle injury. There is a failure of excitation-contraction coupling. The impact of high muscle forces can be a source of muscle damage, accumulation of toxic waste products, and sensory nerve damage. Active muscle increases the metabolic rate and enhances the production of byproducts. There is an increased level of creatinine kinase and lactate dehydrogenase. These systemic and local physiological consequences lead to the typical symptoms peak at 24-48 hours after the strenuous activity.

Key words: Exercise-induced muscle damage, eccentric exercises, muscle injury, Muscle strain.


 
ARTICLE TOOLS
Abstract
PDF Fulltext
How to cite this articleHow to cite this article
Citation Tools
Related Records
 Articles by Muhammad Mustafa Qamar
Articles by Muhammad Shahid Javed
Articles by Muhammad Zahoor ul Hassan Dogar
Articles by Ayesha Basharat
Articles by Akhtar Rasul
on Google
on Google Scholar
Article Statistics
 Viewed: 1184
Downloaded: 9


How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

MMQ, Javed MS, Dogar MZuH, Basharat A, Rasul A, . The mystery behind the exercise-induced muscle damage. RMJ. 2019; 44(4): 888-891.


Web Style

MMQ, Javed MS, Dogar MZuH, Basharat A, Rasul A, . The mystery behind the exercise-induced muscle damage. http://www.rmj.org.pk/?mno=42306 [Access: January 26, 2020].


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

MMQ, Javed MS, Dogar MZuH, Basharat A, Rasul A, . The mystery behind the exercise-induced muscle damage. RMJ. 2019; 44(4): 888-891.



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

MMQ, Javed MS, Dogar MZuH, Basharat A, Rasul A, . The mystery behind the exercise-induced muscle damage. RMJ. (2019), [cited January 26, 2020]; 44(4): 888-891.



Harvard Style

, M. M. Q. ., Javed, M. S., Dogar, M. Z. u. H., Basharat, A., Rasul, A. & (2019) The mystery behind the exercise-induced muscle damage. RMJ, 44 (4), 888-891.



Turabian Style

, Muhammad Mustafa Qamar , Muhammad Shahid Javed, Muhammad Zahoor ul Hassan Dogar, Ayesha Basharat, Akhtar Rasul, and . 2019. The mystery behind the exercise-induced muscle damage. Rawal Medical Journal, 44 (4), 888-891.



Chicago Style

, Muhammad Mustafa Qamar , Muhammad Shahid Javed, Muhammad Zahoor ul Hassan Dogar, Ayesha Basharat, Akhtar Rasul, and . "The mystery behind the exercise-induced muscle damage." Rawal Medical Journal 44 (2019), 888-891.



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

, Muhammad Mustafa Qamar , Muhammad Shahid Javed, Muhammad Zahoor ul Hassan Dogar, Ayesha Basharat, Akhtar Rasul, and . "The mystery behind the exercise-induced muscle damage." Rawal Medical Journal 44.4 (2019), 888-891. Print.



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

, M. M. Q. ., Javed, M. S., Dogar, M. Z. u. H., Basharat, A., Rasul, A. & (2019) The mystery behind the exercise-induced muscle damage. Rawal Medical Journal, 44 (4), 888-891.








AUTHOR LOGIN

REVIEWER LOGIN

Indexed
&
Abstracted


Indexed in WHO Index Medicus IMEMR, Emromedex, Pakmedinet, ExtraMED and Scopus

  Approved by the Higher Education Commission of Pakistan and Pakistan Medical and Dental Council


ABOUT JOURNAL
POLICIES
STATEMENTS

This is an open access journal which means that all content is freely available without charge to the user or his/her institution. Users are allowed to read, download, copy, distribute, print, search, or link to the full texts of the articles in this journal without asking prior permission from the publisher or the author. This is in accordance with the Budapest Open Access Initiative (BOAI) definition of open access.

The articles in Rawal Medical Journal are open access articles licensed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0/) which permits unrestricted, non-commercial use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the work is properly cited.