Service by

Home Journal Issues Instructions for Authors Editorial Board About Journal Aims & Scope


Original Research Open Access
RMJ. 2010; 35(2): 173-176


Abnormalities of semen and incidence of azoospermia in Sukkur Region

Badaruddin A. Memon, Khalid Bhatti.

Abstract
ABSTRACT
Objectives
To evaluate various abnormalities of semen and assess azoospermia in Sukkur region of Sindh.
Methods
Five hundred seven semen samples were analyzed. They were either advised by their clinicians, consultants or out of their self-awareness of semen analysis. Individuals using the facilities available in laboratory for this purpose opted either for masturbation or intercourse. These fresh samples were kept at 370C for an hour for liquefaction. Semen samples were examined within 1 hour.
Results
Out of 507 samples, these were age groups: 15-24, n=85, 25-34, n=302, 35-44,n=101, 45-54,n=15, and 55-onwards,(n=4. Various abnormal shapes of spermatozoa were observed and small round headed with short tailed (29%), small-round headed with long tailed (16.56%) and small round headed with short and long tailed spermatozoa (37.28%) were recorded . Predominant abnormal forms of spermatozoa were of small round headed with short and long tailed (n=122) were observed. The total percentage of azoospermia was 17% and major age group affected was (25-34) followed by age group (35-44) and (15-24).
Conclusion
It was concluded that 17% of individuals tested were affected by azoospermia. Efforts are to be focused on the determination of the factors causing variations in sperm cells, low count and azoospermia in developing countries. (Rawal Med J 2010;35: ).
Key Words
Semen analysis, spermatozoa, azoospermia.

INTRODUCTION
The seminal fluid or semen, a white or grey liquid, is a suspension of spermatozoa in seminal plasma, which is a mixture of secretions from the prostate, seminal vesicles, epidydimis, urethral glands, Cowper’s glands, and vasa deferentia.1, 2 Usually, each milliliter of semen contains millions of spermatozoa (sperm), but the majority of volume consists of secretions of the glands in the male reproductive organs.3 Spermatozoa use fructose anaerobically to produce the ATP necessary for (swimming) motion. Semen clots almost immediately after ejaculation, forming a sticky, jelly-like liquid. It will liquefy again in 5 to 40 minutes.4 In Pakistan the prevalence of infertility is 21.9%. This comprises about 3.9% as primary infertility and 18.0% as secondary infertility.5
The head of normal sperm is oval head shaped, an intact central or “mid” section and an uncoiled, single tail.6 Cytoplasmic droplets along the tail may indicate an immature sperm.7 While the prevalence of azoospermia leading to sperm count and abnormalities in spermatozoa has been reported worldwide, no data exists from Sucker region. The objective of the present study was to evaluate the sperm abnormalities in various individuals of Sukkur region ans assess the incidence of azoospermia.

SUBJECTS AND METHODS
The study was conducted at the Safeway Diagnostic and Research Laboratory, Sukkur from 2002-2004. The individuals were either advised by doctors or were self referrals. The standard procedures of collection, transport,

Key words: Semen analysis, spermatozoa, azoospermia.


 
ARTICLE TOOLS
Abstract
PDF Fulltext
Print this article Print this Article
How to cite this articleHow to cite this article
Export to
Export to
Related Records
 Articles by Badaruddin A. Memon
Articles by Khalid Bhatti
on Google
on Google Scholar
Article Statistics
 Viewed: 2885
Downloaded: 580
Cited: 0


How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Memon BA, Bhatti K. Abnormalities of semen and incidence of azoospermia in Sukkur Region . RMJ. 2010; 35(2): 173-176.



Web Style

Memon BA, Bhatti K. Abnormalities of semen and incidence of azoospermia in Sukkur Region . www.scopemed.org/?mno=3790 [Access: September 25, 2017].



AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Memon BA, Bhatti K. Abnormalities of semen and incidence of azoospermia in Sukkur Region . RMJ. 2010; 35(2): 173-176.



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Memon BA, Bhatti K. Abnormalities of semen and incidence of azoospermia in Sukkur Region . RMJ. (2010), [cited September 25, 2017]; 35(2): 173-176.



Harvard Style

Memon, B. A. & Bhatti, K. (2010) Abnormalities of semen and incidence of azoospermia in Sukkur Region . RMJ, 35 (2), 173-176.



Turabian Style

Memon, Badaruddin A., and Khalid Bhatti. 2010. Abnormalities of semen and incidence of azoospermia in Sukkur Region . Rawal Medical Journal, 35 (2), 173-176.



Chicago Style

Memon, Badaruddin A., and Khalid Bhatti. "Abnormalities of semen and incidence of azoospermia in Sukkur Region ." Rawal Medical Journal 35 (2010), 173-176.



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Memon, Badaruddin A., and Khalid Bhatti. "Abnormalities of semen and incidence of azoospermia in Sukkur Region ." Rawal Medical Journal 35.2 (2010), 173-176. Print.



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Memon, B. A. & Bhatti, K. (2010) Abnormalities of semen and incidence of azoospermia in Sukkur Region . Rawal Medical Journal, 35 (2), 173-176.




Instructions for Authors

AUTHOR LOGIN

REVIEWER LOGIN

Indexed In

WHO Index Medicus IMEMR,
Emromedex,
Pakmedinet,
ExtraMED and
Scopus

Approved by the Higher Education Commission of Pakistan and Pakistan Medical and Dental Council



The articles in Rawal Medical Journal are open access articles licensed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0/) which permits unrestricted, non-commercial use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the work is properly cited.