Open Access and Peer-reviewed
Home Journal Issues Guide for Authors Editorial Board Aims & Scope About Journal News & Announcements


Original Research 


Adequacy of dialysis in patients of chronic kidney disease

Haidar Zaman, Bilal Saeed, Muhammad Wasim Sajjad, Armaghan Ali, Munir Ahmad Abbasi, Muhammad Asim.

Abstract
Objective: To study the different sign and symptoms of chronic kidney disease (CKD) in patients who are on dialysis and to study adequacy of dialysis.
Methodology: This prospective cross sectional study was conducted in Department of Medicine, Ayub Teaching Hospital, Abbottabad from December 2016 to April 2018. A sample of 100 patients of CKD on dialysis was selected by using non probability convenient sampling technique. Data were collected by using pre designed questionnaire and was analyzed by SPSS 16.
Results: Out of 100 patients, 59 were male and 41 females. Mean age was 42.312.2 years (range 19-7). CKD was more prevalent in males with male to female ratio of 1.75:1. Weight loss was seen in 39%, vomiting in 24%, fatigue in 62%, sleep disturbance in 28% and breathing problems in 26% patients. More than half of the patients had their hemoglobin levels between 8-10mg/dl and only 9% had hemoglobin more than 12mg/dl. Only 8% patients had blood urea levels less than 60mg/dl, 39% had their blood urea levels in range of 80-100mg/dl while 25% had urea more than 101mg/dl. Only 6% patients had their creatinine levels less than 3.3mg/dl and more than 75% have creatinine level above 5.4mg/dl.
Conclusion: CKD patients who were on regular and adequate dialysis had less uremic symptoms, mortality rates and good quality of life.

Key words: Chronic kidney Diseases, Dialysis, Adequacy.


 
ARTICLE TOOLS
Abstract
PDF Fulltext
How to cite this articleHow to cite this article
Citation Tools
Related Records
 Articles by Haidar Zaman
Articles by Bilal Saeed
Articles by Muhammad Wasim Sajjad
Articles by Armaghan Ali
Articles by Munir Ahmad Abbasi
Articles by Muhammad Asim
on Google
on Google Scholar
Article Statistics
 Viewed: 1466
Downloaded: 3


How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Zaman H, Saeed B, Sajjad MW, Ali A, Abbasi MA, Asim M. Adequacy of dialysis in patients of chronic kidney disease. RMJ. 2020; 45(1): 13-16.


Web Style

Zaman H, Saeed B, Sajjad MW, Ali A, Abbasi MA, Asim M. Adequacy of dialysis in patients of chronic kidney disease. http://www.rmj.org.pk/?mno=30375 [Access: March 29, 2020].


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Zaman H, Saeed B, Sajjad MW, Ali A, Abbasi MA, Asim M. Adequacy of dialysis in patients of chronic kidney disease. RMJ. 2020; 45(1): 13-16.



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Zaman H, Saeed B, Sajjad MW, Ali A, Abbasi MA, Asim M. Adequacy of dialysis in patients of chronic kidney disease. RMJ. (2020), [cited March 29, 2020]; 45(1): 13-16.



Harvard Style

Zaman, H., Saeed, . B., Sajjad, . M. W., Ali, . A., Abbasi, . M. A. & Asim, . M. (2020) Adequacy of dialysis in patients of chronic kidney disease. RMJ, 45 (1), 13-16.



Turabian Style

Zaman, Haidar, Bilal Saeed, Muhammad Wasim Sajjad, Armaghan Ali, Munir Ahmad Abbasi, and Muhammad Asim. 2020. Adequacy of dialysis in patients of chronic kidney disease. Rawal Medical Journal, 45 (1), 13-16.



Chicago Style

Zaman, Haidar, Bilal Saeed, Muhammad Wasim Sajjad, Armaghan Ali, Munir Ahmad Abbasi, and Muhammad Asim. "Adequacy of dialysis in patients of chronic kidney disease." Rawal Medical Journal 45 (2020), 13-16.



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Zaman, Haidar, Bilal Saeed, Muhammad Wasim Sajjad, Armaghan Ali, Munir Ahmad Abbasi, and Muhammad Asim. "Adequacy of dialysis in patients of chronic kidney disease." Rawal Medical Journal 45.1 (2020), 13-16. Print.



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Zaman, H., Saeed, . B., Sajjad, . M. W., Ali, . A., Abbasi, . M. A. & Asim, . M. (2020) Adequacy of dialysis in patients of chronic kidney disease. Rawal Medical Journal, 45 (1), 13-16.








AUTHOR LOGIN

REVIEWER LOGIN

Indexed
&
Abstracted


Indexed in WHO Index Medicus IMEMR, Emromedex, Pakmedinet, ExtraMED and Scopus, Web of Science

  Approved by the Higher Education Commission of Pakistan and Pakistan Medical and Dental Council


ABOUT JOURNAL
POLICIES
STATEMENTS

This is an open access journal which means that all content is freely available without charge to the user or his/her institution. Users are allowed to read, download, copy, distribute, print, search, or link to the full texts of the articles in this journal without asking prior permission from the publisher or the author. This is in accordance with the Budapest Open Access Initiative (BOAI) definition of open access.

The articles in Rawal Medical Journal are open access articles licensed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0/) which permits unrestricted, non-commercial use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the work is properly cited.