Open Access and Peer-reviewed
Home Journal Issues Guide for Authors Editorial Board Aims & Scope About Journal News & Announcements


Original Research 
RMJ. 2019; 44(2): 377-380


Comparison of smoking among male medical and engineering students

Ambreen Ansar, Shabeeh Ahmed, ibad ur Rehman, Robina Mushtaq Rizvi.

Abstract
Objective: To measure the frequency of smokers among male medical and engineering students, to identify the socio-demographic factors affecting smoking habits and to compare the level of knowledge regarding hazards of smoking among these students.
Methodology: This cross-sectional study was conducted at Wah Medical College, Wah Cantt and University of Engineering & Technology, Taxila, Pakistan and included 304 students (154 medical & 150 engineering) selected by convenient sampling. Structured Questionnaire was used for data collection which was analyzed by SPSS version 19.
Results: Engineering students smoked more than the medical students; 40% Vs 32%. The students with higher average family income were more prone to smoking than those with low monthly income (19% vs 80%). The frequency of illiteracy was more among fathers & mothers of smokers than non-smokers i.e. 28% vs 32% & 45% vs 59%, respectively. Among the motives for smoking, reducing stress was the commonest cause (47%), curiosity and peer pressure were the second common cause (42%). Medical students were more knowledgeable (91% had good or excellent knowledge) as compared to engineering students (63%).
Conclusion: There was no significant difference in the frequency of smoking among two groups. Medical students had more knowledge about the hazards of smoking. Peer pressure, stress and a smoker in the family were significantly associated with smoking habits of students.

Key words: Smoking, medical, engineer, socio-demographic factors, knowledge.


 
ARTICLE TOOLS
Abstract
PDF Fulltext
Print this article Print this Article
How to cite this articleHow to cite this article
Citation Tools
Related Records
 Articles by Ambreen Ansar
Articles by Shabeeh Ahmed
Articles by ibad ur Rehman
Articles by Robina Mushtaq Rizvi
on Google
on Google Scholar
Article Statistics
 Viewed: 1142
Downloaded: 71
Cited: 0


How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Ansar A, Ahmed S, Rehman iu, Rizvi RM. Comparison of smoking among male medical and engineering students. RMJ. 2019; 44(2): 377-380.


Web Style

Ansar A, Ahmed S, Rehman iu, Rizvi RM. Comparison of smoking among male medical and engineering students. http://www.rmj.org.pk/?mno=296887 [Access: June 18, 2019].


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Ansar A, Ahmed S, Rehman iu, Rizvi RM. Comparison of smoking among male medical and engineering students. RMJ. 2019; 44(2): 377-380.



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Ansar A, Ahmed S, Rehman iu, Rizvi RM. Comparison of smoking among male medical and engineering students. RMJ. (2019), [cited June 18, 2019]; 44(2): 377-380.



Harvard Style

Ansar, A., Ahmed, . S., Rehman, . i. u. & Rizvi, . R. M. (2019) Comparison of smoking among male medical and engineering students. RMJ, 44 (2), 377-380.



Turabian Style

Ansar, Ambreen, Shabeeh Ahmed, ibad ur Rehman, and Robina Mushtaq Rizvi. 2019. Comparison of smoking among male medical and engineering students. Rawal Medical Journal, 44 (2), 377-380.



Chicago Style

Ansar, Ambreen, Shabeeh Ahmed, ibad ur Rehman, and Robina Mushtaq Rizvi. "Comparison of smoking among male medical and engineering students." Rawal Medical Journal 44 (2019), 377-380.



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Ansar, Ambreen, Shabeeh Ahmed, ibad ur Rehman, and Robina Mushtaq Rizvi. "Comparison of smoking among male medical and engineering students." Rawal Medical Journal 44.2 (2019), 377-380. Print.



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Ansar, A., Ahmed, . S., Rehman, . i. u. & Rizvi, . R. M. (2019) Comparison of smoking among male medical and engineering students. Rawal Medical Journal, 44 (2), 377-380.








AUTHOR LOGIN

REVIEWER LOGIN

Indexed
&
Abstracted


Indexed in WHO Index Medicus IMEMR, Emromedex, Pakmedinet, ExtraMED and Scopus

  Approved by the Higher Education Commission of Pakistan and Pakistan Medical and Dental Council


ABOUT JOURNAL
POLICIES
STATEMENTS

This is an open access journal which means that all content is freely available without charge to the user or his/her institution. Users are allowed to read, download, copy, distribute, print, search, or link to the full texts of the articles in this journal without asking prior permission from the publisher or the author. This is in accordance with the Budapest Open Access Initiative (BOAI) definition of open access.

The articles in Rawal Medical Journal are open access articles licensed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0/) which permits unrestricted, non-commercial use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the work is properly cited.