Service by

Home Journal Issues Instructions for Authors Editorial Board About Journal Aims & Scope


Original Research 
RMJ. 2018; 43(4): 658-660


Disability among pregnant women due to pregnancy related low back pain

Farjad Afzal, Asma Yousaf, Ammara Shamim, Bushra Mushtaq, Rehma Nasir, Sumera Shahid.

Abstract
Objective: To find the impact of pregnancy related low back pain on activity of daily life.
Methodology: This survey collected data of 200 patients visiting antenatal clinics/hospitals from four city of Punjab during a six months period. Inclusion criteria were the women with third trimester and visiting to antenatal clinic or hospitals. Exclusion criteria were women of 1st and 2nd trimester, and women with previous history of surgery and trauma. Data were collected with modified Ostwestry Disability Index by direct interview.
Results: Out of 200 women, 156 were with low back pain. Forty (25.6%) females showed minimal disability, 44.9 %(70) females showed moderate disability, 26.3% (41) females showed severe disability, four (2.6%) were crippled and One (0.6%) was bedridden. Out of 200 females, 83.3% had pain in lumbosacral area, 15.4% in sacroiliac area and 1.3% in upper back. 5.7% could not sleep, 5.1% could not lift, 3.8% could not travel, 1.3% had no social life, 0.6% could not stand and 0.6% could not walk. Most disability was noted in sleeping and lifting.
Conclusion: Prevalence of low back pain among pregnant women was 78%. 26.3% showed severe disability. Low back pain in pregnancy is very common problem that causes significant disability in pregnant women.

Key words: Pregnancy, low back pain. Functional activity, disability,


 
ARTICLE TOOLS
Abstract
PDF Fulltext
Print this article Print this Article
How to cite this articleHow to cite this article
Citation Tools
Related Records
 Articles by Farjad Afzal
Articles by Asma Yousaf
Articles by Ammara Shamim
Articles by Bushra Mushtaq
Articles by Rehma Nasir
Articles by Sumera Shahid
on Google
on Google Scholar
Article Statistics
 Viewed: 255
Downloaded: 22
Cited: 0


How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Afzal F, Yousaf A, Shamim A, Mushtaq B, Nasir R, Shahid S. Disability among pregnant women due to pregnancy related low back pain. RMJ. 2018; 43(4): 658-660.


Web Style

Afzal F, Yousaf A, Shamim A, Mushtaq B, Nasir R, Shahid S. Disability among pregnant women due to pregnancy related low back pain. http://www.rmj.org.pk/?mno=291145 [Access: December 14, 2018].


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Afzal F, Yousaf A, Shamim A, Mushtaq B, Nasir R, Shahid S. Disability among pregnant women due to pregnancy related low back pain. RMJ. 2018; 43(4): 658-660.



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Afzal F, Yousaf A, Shamim A, Mushtaq B, Nasir R, Shahid S. Disability among pregnant women due to pregnancy related low back pain. RMJ. (2018), [cited December 14, 2018]; 43(4): 658-660.



Harvard Style

Afzal, F., Yousaf, . A., Shamim, . A., Mushtaq, . B., Nasir, . R. & Shahid, . S. (2018) Disability among pregnant women due to pregnancy related low back pain. RMJ, 43 (4), 658-660.



Turabian Style

Afzal, Farjad, Asma Yousaf, Ammara Shamim, Bushra Mushtaq, Rehma Nasir, and Sumera Shahid. 2018. Disability among pregnant women due to pregnancy related low back pain. Rawal Medical Journal, 43 (4), 658-660.



Chicago Style

Afzal, Farjad, Asma Yousaf, Ammara Shamim, Bushra Mushtaq, Rehma Nasir, and Sumera Shahid. "Disability among pregnant women due to pregnancy related low back pain." Rawal Medical Journal 43 (2018), 658-660.



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Afzal, Farjad, Asma Yousaf, Ammara Shamim, Bushra Mushtaq, Rehma Nasir, and Sumera Shahid. "Disability among pregnant women due to pregnancy related low back pain." Rawal Medical Journal 43.4 (2018), 658-660. Print.



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Afzal, F., Yousaf, . A., Shamim, . A., Mushtaq, . B., Nasir, . R. & Shahid, . S. (2018) Disability among pregnant women due to pregnancy related low back pain. Rawal Medical Journal, 43 (4), 658-660.




Instructions for Authors

AUTHOR LOGIN

REVIEWER LOGIN

Indexed In

WHO Index Medicus IMEMR,
Emromedex,
Pakmedinet,
ExtraMED and
Scopus

Approved by the Higher Education Commission of Pakistan and Pakistan Medical and Dental Council



The articles in Rawal Medical Journal are open access articles licensed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0/) which permits unrestricted, non-commercial use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the work is properly cited.