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Original Research 
RMJ. 2018; 43(3): 408-412


Personality Type D Traits, neuropsychiatric symptomology and cognitive deficits among patients with high cholesterol

Amara Gul, Maria Malik.

Abstract
Objective: To examine whether type D personality can be identified in patients with hypercholesterolemia and its relationship with cognitive impairment and neuropsychiatric symptomology.
Methodology: This experimental study was conducted on 40 patients with hypercholesterolemia attending Nishter Hospital Multan Pakistan and 40 healthy individuals from local community. Participants completed Type D scale, Neuropsychiatric inventory-questionnaire and task switching experiment.
Results: Patients with hypercholesterolemia showed type D personality, neuropsychiatric symptomology and task switching deficits. Type D personality and neuropsychiatric symptoms (hallucinations, delusions, apathy, disinihibition, aggression, anxiety and appetite disturbance) correlated with switch costs. Type D personality and anxiety were found to be significant predictors of task switching deficits.
Conclusion: Type D personality and anxiety are significant markers of cognitive impairment in patients with hypercholesterolemia.

Key words: Hypercholesterolemia, cognition, personality, task switching, neuropsychiatric symptoms.


 
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Pubmed Style

Gul A, Malik M. Personality Type D Traits, neuropsychiatric symptomology and cognitive deficits among patients with high cholesterol. RMJ. 2018; 43(3): 408-412.


Web Style

Gul A, Malik M. Personality Type D Traits, neuropsychiatric symptomology and cognitive deficits among patients with high cholesterol. http://www.rmj.org.pk/?mno=290617 [Access: September 22, 2018].


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Gul A, Malik M. Personality Type D Traits, neuropsychiatric symptomology and cognitive deficits among patients with high cholesterol. RMJ. 2018; 43(3): 408-412.



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Gul A, Malik M. Personality Type D Traits, neuropsychiatric symptomology and cognitive deficits among patients with high cholesterol. RMJ. (2018), [cited September 22, 2018]; 43(3): 408-412.



Harvard Style

Gul, A. & Malik, M. (2018) Personality Type D Traits, neuropsychiatric symptomology and cognitive deficits among patients with high cholesterol. RMJ, 43 (3), 408-412.



Turabian Style

Gul, Amara, and Maria Malik. 2018. Personality Type D Traits, neuropsychiatric symptomology and cognitive deficits among patients with high cholesterol. Rawal Medical Journal, 43 (3), 408-412.



Chicago Style

Gul, Amara, and Maria Malik. "Personality Type D Traits, neuropsychiatric symptomology and cognitive deficits among patients with high cholesterol." Rawal Medical Journal 43 (2018), 408-412.



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Gul, Amara, and Maria Malik. "Personality Type D Traits, neuropsychiatric symptomology and cognitive deficits among patients with high cholesterol." Rawal Medical Journal 43.3 (2018), 408-412. Print.



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Gul, A. & Malik, M. (2018) Personality Type D Traits, neuropsychiatric symptomology and cognitive deficits among patients with high cholesterol. Rawal Medical Journal, 43 (3), 408-412.




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