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Original Research Open Access


Prevalence of upper extremity pain among traffic police, Lahore, Pakistan

Ghanea Ahmad, Fahad Tanveer, Ashfaq Ahmad, Syed Amir Gillani.

Abstract
Objective: To determine the prevalence of upper extremity pain among traffic police of the Lahore, Pakistan.
Methodology: In this cross-sectional survey, data of 384 subjects was collected through a convenient sampling technique via self-structured questionnaire. Those participants were included in the study who were working more than 11 hours a day. Data was analyzed by SPSS version 21.
Results: A total of 384 subjects were in the study. Ages were between 30 to 40 years (mean 33 2.86). Out of 384, 253(66%) were right-handed.263 (69%) had upper extremity pain and 206(54%) had radiating pain to the other regions. They showed 3-point degree pain on visual analogue scale (VAS).
Conclusion: We conclude that 69% who were aged between 30 to 40 years had upper extremity pain.

Key words: Upper extremity pain, pain intensity, traffic police.


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Ahmad G, Tanveer F, Ahmad A, Gillani SA. Prevalence of upper extremity pain among traffic police, Lahore, Pakistan. RMJ. 2018; 43(1): 64-67.


Web Style

Ahmad G, Tanveer F, Ahmad A, Gillani SA. Prevalence of upper extremity pain among traffic police, Lahore, Pakistan. http://www.rmj.org.pk/?mno=276049 [Access: February 21, 2018].


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Ahmad G, Tanveer F, Ahmad A, Gillani SA. Prevalence of upper extremity pain among traffic police, Lahore, Pakistan. RMJ. 2018; 43(1): 64-67.



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Ahmad G, Tanveer F, Ahmad A, Gillani SA. Prevalence of upper extremity pain among traffic police, Lahore, Pakistan. RMJ. (2018), [cited February 21, 2018]; 43(1): 64-67.



Harvard Style

Ahmad, G., Tanveer, F., Ahmad, A. & Gillani, S. A. (2018) Prevalence of upper extremity pain among traffic police, Lahore, Pakistan. RMJ, 43 (1), 64-67.



Turabian Style

Ahmad, Ghanea, Fahad Tanveer, Ashfaq Ahmad, and Syed Amir Gillani. 2018. Prevalence of upper extremity pain among traffic police, Lahore, Pakistan. Rawal Medical Journal, 43 (1), 64-67.



Chicago Style

Ahmad, Ghanea, Fahad Tanveer, Ashfaq Ahmad, and Syed Amir Gillani. "Prevalence of upper extremity pain among traffic police, Lahore, Pakistan." Rawal Medical Journal 43 (2018), 64-67.



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Ahmad, Ghanea, Fahad Tanveer, Ashfaq Ahmad, and Syed Amir Gillani. "Prevalence of upper extremity pain among traffic police, Lahore, Pakistan." Rawal Medical Journal 43.1 (2018), 64-67. Print.



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Ahmad, G., Tanveer, F., Ahmad, A. & Gillani, S. A. (2018) Prevalence of upper extremity pain among traffic police, Lahore, Pakistan. Rawal Medical Journal, 43 (1), 64-67.




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