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Risk factors for laryngeal and pharyngeal cancer in patients treated at Liaquat University Hospital, Jamshoro, Pakistan

Safdar Ali Amur, Naseem Aslam Channa, Muhammad Haneef Mugheri, Quratulain Khuhro, Muzna Paras, Najaf Ali Soomro, Amna Yasin Awan.

Abstract
Objective: To assess the environmental as well as dietary risk factors for the laryngeal and pharyngeal cancer (LPC) in patients treated at Liaquat University Hospital, Jamshoro.
Methodology: Total 395 LPC patients and 550 healthy persons were interviewed through a standard questionnaire specially designed to study the risk factors for LPC disease. Significance level (p<0.05) was assessed with chi-squared test (95% confidence interval) and odds ratios were measured for associations of factors with LPC by logistic regression analysis.
Results: The age range was 37.6 to 56.6 years with majority of males as compared to females. Majority of LPC patients were married, underweight and labor workers. Use of non-branded oil, smoking and illiteracy and sun exposure ≤1 hour were significantly positively associated with LPC. Mainpuri was observed at highest significant positive risk factor for LPC. Less vegetables, less fruit and less meat consumption as well as, deep fried/fried foods and more tea intake were found significantly positively associated with LPC disease.
Conclusion: Labor work, Illiteracy, smoking, use of non-branded cooking oil, sun exposure ≤1 hour, manipuri, consumption of less vegetables, less fruit and less meat, deep fried/fried foods and more tea intake were found significantly positively associated risk factors of LPC.

Key words: Laryngeal cancer, pharyngeal cancer Mainpuri.


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Amur SA, Channa NA, Mugheri MH, Khuhro Q, Paras M, Soomro NA, Awan AY. Risk factors for laryngeal and pharyngeal cancer in patients treated at Liaquat University Hospital, Jamshoro, Pakistan. RMJ. 2018; 43(1): 75-76.


Web Style

Amur SA, Channa NA, Mugheri MH, Khuhro Q, Paras M, Soomro NA, Awan AY. Risk factors for laryngeal and pharyngeal cancer in patients treated at Liaquat University Hospital, Jamshoro, Pakistan. http://www.rmj.org.pk/?mno=257287 [Access: May 24, 2018].


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Amur SA, Channa NA, Mugheri MH, Khuhro Q, Paras M, Soomro NA, Awan AY. Risk factors for laryngeal and pharyngeal cancer in patients treated at Liaquat University Hospital, Jamshoro, Pakistan. RMJ. 2018; 43(1): 75-76.



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Amur SA, Channa NA, Mugheri MH, Khuhro Q, Paras M, Soomro NA, Awan AY. Risk factors for laryngeal and pharyngeal cancer in patients treated at Liaquat University Hospital, Jamshoro, Pakistan. RMJ. (2018), [cited May 24, 2018]; 43(1): 75-76.



Harvard Style

Amur, S. A., Channa, N. A., Mugheri, M. H., Khuhro, Q., Paras, M., Soomro, N. A. & Awan, A. Y. (2018) Risk factors for laryngeal and pharyngeal cancer in patients treated at Liaquat University Hospital, Jamshoro, Pakistan. RMJ, 43 (1), 75-76.



Turabian Style

Amur, Safdar Ali, Naseem Aslam Channa, Muhammad Haneef Mugheri, Quratulain Khuhro, Muzna Paras, Najaf Ali Soomro, and Amna Yasin Awan. 2018. Risk factors for laryngeal and pharyngeal cancer in patients treated at Liaquat University Hospital, Jamshoro, Pakistan. Rawal Medical Journal, 43 (1), 75-76.



Chicago Style

Amur, Safdar Ali, Naseem Aslam Channa, Muhammad Haneef Mugheri, Quratulain Khuhro, Muzna Paras, Najaf Ali Soomro, and Amna Yasin Awan. "Risk factors for laryngeal and pharyngeal cancer in patients treated at Liaquat University Hospital, Jamshoro, Pakistan." Rawal Medical Journal 43 (2018), 75-76.



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Amur, Safdar Ali, Naseem Aslam Channa, Muhammad Haneef Mugheri, Quratulain Khuhro, Muzna Paras, Najaf Ali Soomro, and Amna Yasin Awan. "Risk factors for laryngeal and pharyngeal cancer in patients treated at Liaquat University Hospital, Jamshoro, Pakistan." Rawal Medical Journal 43.1 (2018), 75-76. Print.



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Amur, S. A., Channa, N. A., Mugheri, M. H., Khuhro, Q., Paras, M., Soomro, N. A. & Awan, A. Y. (2018) Risk factors for laryngeal and pharyngeal cancer in patients treated at Liaquat University Hospital, Jamshoro, Pakistan. Rawal Medical Journal, 43 (1), 75-76.




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