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Original Research Open Access
RMJ. 2017; 42(3): 326-333


Development and validation of Depression Inventory for Amputees in Pakistan

Ahmer Iqbal, Saeed Bin Ayaz, Shazia Khalid.

Abstract
Objectives: To develop an indigenous scale for the measurement of depression among amputees to be named as Depression Inventory for Amputees (DIA), determine factorial validity and internal consistency of DIA, and establish construct validity by finding correlation between DIA and Amputee Body-Image Scale (ABIS) and Self-Report Measure of Emotional Intelligence (SMERI).
Methodology: The study was conducted in two parts. In the first part, a four-option scale was constructed and applied on a sample of 230 amputees. The second part was carried out on a sample of 100 amputees to ascertain the construct validity of the newly developed DIA.
Results: Hierarchical Exploratory Factor Analysis yielded a 30-item DIA with a Cronbach’s Alpha of 0.88. A significantly positive correlation was found between DIA and ABIS, while significantly negative relationship was found between DIA and SMERI.
Conclusion: DIA emerged as a reliable and valid self-report measure of depression among Pakistani amputees. It has a large scope of application in facilitating the development of psychological well being, and rehabilitation of amputees.

Key words: Amputee Body-Image Scale, Depression Inventory for Amputees, Self-Report Measure of Emotional Intelligence, validity


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Iqbal A, Ayaz SB, Khalid S. Development and validation of Depression Inventory for Amputees in Pakistan. RMJ. 2017; 42(3): 326-333.


Web Style

Iqbal A, Ayaz SB, Khalid S. Development and validation of Depression Inventory for Amputees in Pakistan. http://www.rmj.org.pk/?mno=254380 [Access: December 17, 2017].


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Iqbal A, Ayaz SB, Khalid S. Development and validation of Depression Inventory for Amputees in Pakistan. RMJ. 2017; 42(3): 326-333.



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Iqbal A, Ayaz SB, Khalid S. Development and validation of Depression Inventory for Amputees in Pakistan. RMJ. (2017), [cited December 17, 2017]; 42(3): 326-333.



Harvard Style

Iqbal, A., Ayaz, S. B. & Khalid, S. (2017) Development and validation of Depression Inventory for Amputees in Pakistan. RMJ, 42 (3), 326-333.



Turabian Style

Iqbal, Ahmer, Saeed Bin Ayaz, and Shazia Khalid. 2017. Development and validation of Depression Inventory for Amputees in Pakistan. Rawal Medical Journal, 42 (3), 326-333.



Chicago Style

Iqbal, Ahmer, Saeed Bin Ayaz, and Shazia Khalid. "Development and validation of Depression Inventory for Amputees in Pakistan." Rawal Medical Journal 42 (2017), 326-333.



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Iqbal, Ahmer, Saeed Bin Ayaz, and Shazia Khalid. "Development and validation of Depression Inventory for Amputees in Pakistan." Rawal Medical Journal 42.3 (2017), 326-333. Print.



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Iqbal, A., Ayaz, S. B. & Khalid, S. (2017) Development and validation of Depression Inventory for Amputees in Pakistan. Rawal Medical Journal, 42 (3), 326-333.




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