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Original Research Open Access
RMJ. 2017; 42(2): 223-225


Factors contributing to anterior cruciate ligament injury and pattern of presentations

Fariha Shah, Usman Riaz, Danish Hassan, Zargham Abbas.

Abstract
Objectives: To determine the factors contributing to Anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injury and their pattern of presentation.
Methodology: This descriptive study included 45 patients diagnosed with ACL injury that were selected using non probability convenience sampling technique from department of orthopaedic and physical therapy of Mayo Hospital and Gurki Trust Hospital, Lahore, Pakistan. The study was completed in 6 months of duration. Subjects that were diagnosed with ACL injury using MRI with positive Lachman and Anterior Drawer test. Data regarding demographics, onset of injury, mechanism, occupational, recreational, daily routines and clinical presentations were recorded. Data were analysed by SPSS.
Results: Out of 45 patients, 38(84.4%) cases were male and 7(16.5%) were female. 76% belonged to 20 to 30 age range. Regarding source of injury to anterior cruciate ligament, 32% got it during cricket, 21% during mild to severe road side accident, 20% during running and other 27% during daily life activities twisting, jumping and other high impact activities. The individual involved very often in high impact activities were 8%, often 13% and less often 79%.
Conclusion: Major risk factors found were engaging in high impact activities such as sports, running and jumping nature. Clinical presentations were edema, decreased mobility, mild to moderate pain and limited range of knee range of motion.

Key words: Sport injuries, anterior cruciate ligament injuries, painful knee.


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Shah F, Riaz U, Hassan D, Abbas Z. Factors contributing to anterior cruciate ligament injury and pattern of presentations. RMJ. 2017; 42(2): 223-225.



Web Style

Shah F, Riaz U, Hassan D, Abbas Z. Factors contributing to anterior cruciate ligament injury and pattern of presentations. www.scopemed.org/?mno=234940 [Access: September 25, 2017].



AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Shah F, Riaz U, Hassan D, Abbas Z. Factors contributing to anterior cruciate ligament injury and pattern of presentations. RMJ. 2017; 42(2): 223-225.



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Shah F, Riaz U, Hassan D, Abbas Z. Factors contributing to anterior cruciate ligament injury and pattern of presentations. RMJ. (2017), [cited September 25, 2017]; 42(2): 223-225.



Harvard Style

Shah, F., Riaz, U., Hassan, D. & Abbas, Z. (2017) Factors contributing to anterior cruciate ligament injury and pattern of presentations. RMJ, 42 (2), 223-225.



Turabian Style

Shah, Fariha, Usman Riaz, Danish Hassan, and Zargham Abbas. 2017. Factors contributing to anterior cruciate ligament injury and pattern of presentations. Rawal Medical Journal, 42 (2), 223-225.



Chicago Style

Shah, Fariha, Usman Riaz, Danish Hassan, and Zargham Abbas. "Factors contributing to anterior cruciate ligament injury and pattern of presentations." Rawal Medical Journal 42 (2017), 223-225.



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Shah, Fariha, Usman Riaz, Danish Hassan, and Zargham Abbas. "Factors contributing to anterior cruciate ligament injury and pattern of presentations." Rawal Medical Journal 42.2 (2017), 223-225. Print.



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Shah, F., Riaz, U., Hassan, D. & Abbas, Z. (2017) Factors contributing to anterior cruciate ligament injury and pattern of presentations. Rawal Medical Journal, 42 (2), 223-225.




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