ISSN 0303-5212

RMJ is a general Medicine publication and accepts oorigial articles, editorials, case reports and commentaries. It aims to dessiminate medical knowldge to professional community.

 Aim and objectives of Rawal medical journal



To promote the science and art of medicine and the betterment of the public health.



1.         To publish original, important, well-documented, peer-reviewed clinical and laboratory articles on a diverse range of medical topics

2.         To provide physicians with continuing education in basic and clinical science to support informed clinical decisions.

3.         To enable physicians to remain informed in multiple areas of medicine, including developments infields other than their own.

4.         To improve public health internationally by elevating the quality of medical care, disease prevention, and research provided by an informed readership.

5.         To foster responsible and balanced debate on controversial issues that affect medicine and health care.

6.         To forecast important issues and trends in medicine and health care.

7.         To inform readers about non-clinical aspects of medicine and public health, including the political, philosophic, ethical, legal, environmental, economic, historical and cultural.

8.         To recognize that, in addition to these specific objectives, THE JOURNAL has a social responsibility to improve the total human condition and to promote the integrity of science.

9.         To report American Medical Association policy, as appropriate, while maintaining editorial independence, objectivity and responsibility.

10.       To achieve the highest level of ethical medical journalism and to produce a publication that is timely, credible, and enjoyable to read.


2023, Vol: 48, Issue: 2

RMJ. Year: 2023, Volume: 48


  1. Pediatric Maxillofacial Trauma
    Syed Gulzar Ali Bukhari
    RMJ. 2023; 48(3): 546-567
    » Abstract » PDF

  2. Original Research

  3. Acute limb ischemia associated with COVID-19 in Basra province, Iraq
    Thamir Fozzie Muhmood, Mohammed Sanaa Alshukoor, Abdulkareem Z. Al-Musawi, Adel Makki Abdulateef
    RMJ. 2023; 48(3): 548-552
    » Abstract » PDF» doi: 10.5455/rmj.20230213012921

  4. Obesity in COVID-19 patients is a complex interaction
    Batool Mutar Mahdi, Wafaa Hazim Salih
    RMJ. 2023; 48(3): 553-555
    » Abstract » PDF» doi: 10.5455/rmj.20230405065210

  5. Prevalence of cervicogenic headache and functional disability associated with use of personal protective equipment in front line health care providers during COVID-19 in Lahore, Pakistan
    Qurat-ul- Ain, Sara Khawar Butt, Samrood Akram, Hammad Shakeel, Rudaba Khalid, Ahsan Taqweem
    RMJ. 2023; 48(3): 556-560
    » Abstract » PDF

  6. COVID-19 vaccine related adverse effects in medical students of a Pakistani Medical University
    Sidra Hamid, Tayyaba Idrees, Sumia Fatima, Maryam Mansoor, Zainab Idrees, Zainab Hussain
    RMJ. 2023; 48(3): 561-564
    » Abstract » PDF

  7. Elevated lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) and C- reactive protein (CRP) level as a risk factor for critical COVID-19
    Wafaa Hazim Salih
    RMJ. 2023; 48(3): 565-567
    » Abstract » PDF» doi: 10.5455/rmj.20230909063129

  8. What's Making a COVID-19 a dangerous disease for long time?
    Diaa K. Abd Ali, Ahmed Mohammed Jasim Shlash, Mohammed H. Shamran, Ibrahim A. Al-Ashour
    RMJ. 2023; 48(3): 568-570
    » Abstract » PDF» doi: 10.5455/rmj.20230414104523

  9. Frequency of sinus bradycardia in Covid-19 patients; Treat or not to treat?
    Zunaira Nawaz, Abdullah Makki, Zille Huma, Darshan Kumar, Bilal Ahmed Khan
    RMJ. 2023; 48(3): 571-575
    » Abstract » PDF

  10. Knowledge of new nursing college alumni concerning complications of COVID-19
    Faisal Younus Sameen, Qassim Jawell Odah Abed
    RMJ. 2023; 48(3): 576-579
    » Abstract » PDF» doi: 10.5455/rmj.20230904104203

  11. Procalcitonin Level In COVID-19 Patients: A single center study
    Batool Mutar Mahdi
    RMJ. 2023; 48(3): 580-582
    » Abstract » PDF» doi: 10.5455/rmj.20230909063447

  12. Health care utilization during COVID-19 pandemic; knowledge and practices of employees in a tertiary care hospital (CMH Lahore), Pakistan
    Fizza Saeed, Benish Fatima, Tahira Raza, Fatima Arif, Hassaan Bashir, Fahad Bin Hamid
    RMJ. 2023; 48(3): 583-586
    » Abstract » PDF

  13. Assessment of knowledge, attitudes and preventive practices of mothers towards diabetic ketoacidosis
    Ahmed Abudallh Abud
    RMJ. 2023; 48(3): 587-590
    » Abstract » PDF» doi: 10.5455/rmj.20230421055408

  14. Association of depression and physical activity with preeclampsia and gestational diabetes mellitus
    Saira Jahan, Reema Altaf, Mariyam Arsalan, Suman Asad, Rimsha Younas, Mubin Mustafa Kiyani
    RMJ. 2023; 48(3): 591-594
    » Abstract » PDF

  15. Validation of new clinical bedside test 'babur sign'for identification of wrist joint synovitis in patients with inflammatory arthritis
    Saba Samreen, Babur Salim, Haris Gul, Amjad Nasim
    RMJ. 2023; 48(3): 595-598
    » Abstract » PDF

  16. Infection control precautions measures by nurse midwives working in the maternal surgical wards in Al Najaf Ashraf City Hospitals, Iraq
    Hanan Noor Mohamad, Salma Kadhum Jihad
    RMJ. 2023; 48(3): 599-602
    » Abstract » PDF» doi: 10.5455/rmj.20230130034109

  17. Risk factors among patients with cerebrovascular accidents at Kirkuk City Hospitals, Iraq
    Rebaz Ismael Ali, Younus Khudur Baeez, Darya Yaseen Mustafs
    RMJ. 2023; 48(3): 603-605
    » Abstract » PDF» doi: 10.5455/rmj.20230509073705

  18. Effects of rood’s sensory motor training along with constraint induced movement therapy in sub-acute stroke
    Aroosa Tariq, Mir Arif Hussain Talpur, Saira Jahan, Misbah Ghous
    RMJ. 2023; 48(3): 606-609
    » Abstract » PDF

  19. Comorbidity of psychiatric disorders among patients with self-harm
    Naila Yaqoob, Sadaf Ahsan, Omer Jalal
    RMJ. 2023; 48(3): 610-613
    » Abstract » PDF

  20. Knowledge level about Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever among a sample of medical students in Mosul City, Iraq
    Fahad Myasar Mohammed Taqi, Tabarek Ayad Noori, Ehab Mohammed Shaker
    RMJ. 2023; 48(3): 614-617
    » Abstract » PDF» doi: 10.5455/rmj.20230427113738

  21. Co-relationship between Helicobacter pylori infection and patient of phenotype RIPK3 and gastric carcinoma in AL-Diywaniah Province, Iraq
    Heyam Qaid Muhammad AL-Kenani, Aqeel Abbas Kareem AL-Khafaji
    RMJ. 2023; 48(3): 618-621
    » Abstract » PDF» doi: 10.5455/rmj.20230518092707

  22. Microorganisms and antibiotic sensitivity/resistance patterns in spontaneous bacterial peritonitis
    Ahmed Abdul Hussain Gburi Alhilly, Abdullah Zuhair Alyouzbaki
    RMJ. 2023; 48(3): 622-629
    » Abstract » PDF» doi: 10.5455/rmj.20230118073548

  23. Prevalence of IBS and its relationship to vitamin D deficiency in Al- Nasiriyah city, Iraq
    Auday Abd Al-Razaq Al- Husseiny, Sadeq Lafta Mousa al-zamili, Hayder Ajeel Shala
    RMJ. 2023; 48(3): 630-634
    » Abstract » PDF» doi: 10.5455/rmj.20230209091611

  24. Detection of human papillomavirus genotypes (HPV-16) and (HPV-18) in women with abnormal cervical cytology in Al-Diwaniyah Province, Iraq
    Khawlah Jabbar Hussein, Anwar Salih Saihood , Yasamin Hamza Sharif
    RMJ. 2023; 48(3): 635-638
    » Abstract » PDF» doi: 10.5455/rmj.20230422010700

  25. Combination T2 multiple echo data imaging and fast spin echo fat saturation technique to improve image quality on ankle magnetic resonance imaging
    Akhmad Muzamil, Chendra Arum Wandani, Dita Aprilia Hariyani, Riries Rulaningtyas, Khusnul Ain, Perwira Annissa Dyah Permatasari, Suryani Dyah Astuti
    RMJ. 2023; 48(3): 639-642
    » Abstract » PDF» doi: 10.5455/rmj.20220320122308

  26. Detection rate of renal scarring in pediatric patients using dimercaptosuccinic acid scan
    Aqsa Yasin, Muhammad Numaire Younis, Sadaf Abdul Qadir, Chugtai Arslan Saleem, Muhammad Imran Javed
    RMJ. 2023; 48(3): 643-646
    » Abstract » PDF

  27. Diagnostic accuracy of magnetic resonance imaging in detecting and grading perianal fistulas
    Sidra Minhas, Riffat Raja, Maria Khaliq, Hassan Mahmood, Syed Muhammad Raza, Hina Hanif
    RMJ. 2023; 48(3): 647-650
    » Abstract » PDF

  28. Effect of obesity, socioeconomic status and gender on glycemic control in diabetic patients
    Rozina Arshad, Sarwat Iqbal, Uzma Sarwar, Muhammad Amir, Saman Waqar, Agha Syed Ali Haider Naqvi
    RMJ. 2023; 48(3): 651-654
    » Abstract » PDF

  29. Effect of Six-Minute Walk Test on Health-related Quality of Life in Patients Undergone Coronary Artery Bypass Graft Surgery
    Safad Riyadh Isam, Hakima Shakir Hassan
    RMJ. 2023; 48(3): 655-658
    » Abstract » PDF» doi: 10.5455/rmj.20230409082233

  30. Effectiveness of an instructional program on patient's adherence about clopidogrel therapy post percutaneous coronary intervention
    Zainab R. Lafta, Tahseen R. M
    RMJ. 2023; 48(3): 659-661
    » Abstract » PDF» doi: 10.5455/rmj.20230309082806

  31. Effectiveness of intervention program on nurses' practices about nursing care plan of patients Post Transsphenoidal Hypophysectomy
    Muntadher Abdulrahman Thamer, Sabah Abbas Ahmed
    RMJ. 2023; 48(3): 662-665
    » Abstract » PDF» doi: 10.5455/rmj.20230502060315

  32. Evaluation of instructional program on nurses’ knowledge regarding care bundle guideline in Mosul Hospitals, Iraq
    Adel Yousif Ayed, Mohammed Ahmed Sultan
    RMJ. 2023; 48(3): 666-669
    » Abstract » PDF» doi: 10.5455/rmj.20230425101817

  33. Effectiveness of intervention program on nurses’ practice about cataract
    Majid Jassab Flayyih, Widad Kamil Mohammed
    RMJ. 2023; 48(3): 670-672
    » Abstract » PDF» doi: 10.5455/rmj.20230601095842

  34. Effectiveness of intervention program on nurses' practices regarding movement and ambulation instructions for orthopedic patients treated by internal fixation devices
    Thani Asmar Radhi, Hussein Hadi Atiyah
    RMJ. 2023; 48(3): 673-675
    » Abstract » PDF» doi: 10.5455/rmj.20230308031648

  35. Impact of human-screen interaction in developing computer vision syndrome:a cross sectional survey among university teachers
    Huzaifa Ather Rajar, Mehek Anum, Anum jawaid Sultan, Angela John Gill
    RMJ. 2023; 48(3): 676-680
    » Abstract » PDF

  36. Association of baseline body mass index and other auxological data in short stature children with idiopathic growth hormone deficiency at Al-Rusafa district in Baghdad, Iraq
    Hussein Khudhair Hussein, Hayder Al-Momen, Ali Kadhim Alqurishi
    RMJ. 2023; 48(3): 681-684
    » Abstract » PDF» doi: 10.5455/rmj.20230319095638

  37. Low birth weight and associated risk factors in neonates
    Hailah Othman Habeeb, Bushra Mahmood, Zuhair Maroof Hussein
    RMJ. 2023; 48(3): 685-688
    » Abstract » PDF» doi: 10.5455/rmj.20230121083102

  38. Nurses' knowledge and attitudes about enteral feeding complications by nasogastric tube in intensive care units
    Maher Abdulameer Atiyah, Abdulkareem Salman Khudhair, Husham Hussain Abdul-Ra'aoof, Ali Malik Tiryag, Sundus Baqer Dawood, Saja Kareem Jassim
    RMJ. 2023; 48(3): 689-691
    » Abstract » PDF» doi: 10.5455/rmj.20230412124848

  39. Effect of kangaroo mother care on exclusive breastfeeding in low birth weight infants
    Naheed Manzoor, Sana Sehar, Muhammad Afzal, Syed Amir Gilani
    RMJ. 2023; 48(3): 692-694
    » Abstract » PDF

  40. Outcomes in pediatric external dacryocystorhinostomy
    Adnan Ahmad, Shams Ul Haq, Jamal Hussain, Javed Rasul, Mubbashir Rehman
    RMJ. 2023; 48(3): 695-698
    » Abstract » PDF

  41. Medical treatment of otitis media with effusion using fluticasone propionate nasal spray
    Firas Mowaffak Hassan, Yasir L. Hassoun Almansoori, Ali Hatim Arabi
    RMJ. 2023; 48(3): 699-702
    » Abstract » PDF» doi: 10.5455/rmj.20230412110448

  42. Efficacy of vaginal misoprostol soaked in acetic acid in the termination of missed miscarriages
    Sahar H. Abdul-Razzaq, Sahar Hassan Mushatat Al-fartosy, Rana A. Abdulkadeer
    RMJ. 2023; 48(3): 703-706
    » Abstract » PDF» doi: 10.5455/rmj.20230118083738

  43. Reference values of beta human chorionic gonadotrophin (β-hCG) and pregnancy associated placental protein-A (PAPP-A) among women aged 20–40 years at 9-10 weeks of normal gestation
    lubna Shaheen, Asim Mumtaz, Rehma Dar, Saadia Maqbool
    RMJ. 2023; 48(3): 707-710
    » Abstract » PDF

  44. Consanguineous marriages and poor pregnancy outcomes
    Ban Amer Mousa, Vian Hussam Almansi Alqani, Hadeel Jalil Ameen Awadh
    RMJ. 2023; 48(3): 711-714
    » Abstract » PDF» doi: 10.5455/rmj.20230124065756

  45. Early detection of Toxoplasmosis in Iraqi pregnant women
    Yossra Saleh Khudhur
    RMJ. 2023; 48(3): 715-717
    » Abstract » PDF» doi: 10.5455/rmj.20230121090847

  46. Effectiveness of education program on nurses’ general knowledge about hydatidiform mole pregnancy
    Hanan Ali Kadhom, Rabea Mohsen Ali
    RMJ. 2023; 48(3): 718-721
    » Abstract » PDF» doi: 10.5455/rmj.20230309100933

  47. Urinary tract infection in patients with ureteric stone, before and after ureteroscopy
    Aamir Ali Shaikh, Khub Chand, Muhammad Imran Soomro, Abdul Ghaffar Pirzado, Nisar Ahmed Shaikh, Amanullah Abassi
    RMJ. 2023; 48(3): 722-724
    » Abstract » PDF

  48. Community based knowledge regarding non-pharmacological interventions used to treat Hypertension in Pakistan
    Muhammad Raziullah
    RMJ. 2023; 48(3): 725-727
    » Abstract » PDF

  49. Effectiveness of intervention program on nurses’ practices about assessment of neonatal neurological status in neonatal intensive care unit
    Murtadha A. Abdul-Hamza, Rabea M. Ali
    RMJ. 2023; 48(3): 728-730
    » Abstract » PDF» doi: 10.5455/rmj.20230409074238

  50. Evaluation nurses’ knowledge about prevention of nosocomial infections in Al-Basrah Teaching Hospitals, Basrah, Iraq
    Alyaa H. Ali, Ahmed T. Saud
    RMJ. 2023; 48(3): 731-734
    » Abstract » PDF» doi: 10.5455/rmj.20230409075257

  51. A comparative study of Type-I underlay tympanoplasty using temporalis fascia graft versus tragal cartilage
    Umair Ishfaq, Sadia Chaudhry, Mahwash Umair, Ashar Alamgir, Wajid Hussain, Muhammad Saleem
    RMJ. 2023; 48(3): 735-738
    » Abstract » PDF

  52. Nursing students’ perception concerning distinguishing between nursing diagnoses terms according to nursing diagnoses textbook and common clinical terms
    Ali S. Obeid
    RMJ. 2023; 48(3): 739-742
    » Abstract » PDF» doi: 10.5455/rmj.20230209054206

  53. Assessment of elderly health promotion behavior at geriatric home
    Abbas F. Moussa, Ali Hussein Ali Aljazaery, Saif Musadaq Hasan, Ali Alaa Alhashmi, Ehab Al-Din Haider saddam, Ahmed Kadhim Khashalah Al-Zurfy
    RMJ. 2023; 48(3): 743-746
    » Abstract » PDF» doi: 10.5455/rmj.20230430105423

  54. Pattern of skin diseases in hypertensive and diabetic geriatric patients
    Sabeika Raza Kerawala, Saadia Tabassum, Zohaib Akhter, Syeda Ramlah Tul Sania
    RMJ. 2023; 48(3): 747-751
    » Abstract » PDF

  55. Exploring cyberchondria among medical students doing clinical rotations in PNS Shifa hospital, Karachi, Pakistan
    Humera Maryam, Zainab Ali, Zainab Idrees, Sumia Fatima, Sidra Hamid, Maryam Mansoor
    RMJ. 2023; 48(3): 752-790
    » Abstract » PDF

  56. Role of WhatsApp in improving clinical management, communication and medical education among the general surgery team at a tertiary care hospital
    Hina Abdul Qayoom Khan, Maheen Rana, Summaya Saeed, Khursheed Ahmed Samo, Sana Shahid, Amjad Siraj Memon
    RMJ. 2023; 48(3): 757-760
    » Abstract » PDF

  57. A Comparative descriptive study of impact of women education on the utilization of maternal health services in tertiary care hospitals of Peshawar. KPK, Pakistan
    Farhat Rehana Malik, Asma Khan, Rasheeda Shahid, Shifa Aurangzeb Khan, Uzma Gul Khattak, Mahnoor Khan
    RMJ. 2023; 48(3): 761-765
    » Abstract » PDF

  58. Effect of maternal education on nutritional status of children
    Naila Khizar, Ammara Manzoor, Fariha Saleem, Saba Rauf, Iqra Qayyum
    RMJ. 2023; 48(3): 766-769
    » Abstract » PDF

  59. Health Belief Model Efficacy on improving hypertension control among old age at Kirkuk City, Iraq: A Randomized Controlled Trial
    Mahir M Kader, Raad Kareem Faraj
    RMJ. 2023; 48(3): 770-772
    » Abstract » PDF» doi: 10.5455/rmj.20230421060107

  60. Prevalence of bullying in primary schools of Baghdad, Iraq
    Ghaidaa Rifaat Hamid
    RMJ. 2023; 48(3): 773-776
    » Abstract » PDF» doi: 10.5455/rmj.20230414124750

  61. Psychosocial needs of orphan students of secondary schools in Al-Qadisiyah Governorate, Iraq
    Dalal Zamat Hamza, Qahatan Hadi Hussien
    RMJ. 2023; 48(3): 777-779
    » Abstract » PDF» doi: 10.5455/rmj.20230306062307

  62. Analysis of Phytochemicals in different parts of Phyllanthus reticulatus medicinal plants
    Muhammad Haneef Mugheri, Naseem Aslam Channa, Allah Bachayo Rajhar, Marvi Shaikh , Qurtualain Khuhro, Saeed Akhter Tunio
    RMJ. 2023; 48(3): 780-784
    » Abstract » PDF

  63. Histomorphological alterations of Wound healing by Honey in comparison with Vitamin C in male albino mice
    Bibi Rabia Sirhandi, Pushpa Goswami, Samreen Memon, Nayab Qazi, Barkha Goswami
    RMJ. 2023; 48(3): 785-789
    » Abstract » PDF

  64. Review Article

  65. Hospital microbiome: unspoken role in healthcare-associated infections
    Rawan Mohammed Alwethainani, Siti Zulaikha Binti Zakariah, Azmiza Syawani Binti Jasn, Rosni Binti Ibrahim, Tengku Zetty Maztura BintiTengku Jamaluddin
    RMJ. 2023; 48(3): 790-794
    » Abstract » PDF» doi: 10.5455/rmj.20230206022226

  66. Covid-19 and Fungal Infection: A literature review
    Darmadi Darmadi, Cennikon Pakpahan, Sem Samuel Surja
    RMJ. 2023; 48(3): 795-798
    » Abstract » PDF» doi: 10.5455/rmj.20230507085024

  67. Case Report

  68. A case of unicystic ameloblastoma of maxillary sinus: A rare case report
    Yong Wan Kim
    RMJ. 2023; 48(3): 799-801
    » Abstract » PDF» doi: 10.5455/rmj.20230525070004

  69. Technical Note

    Rawal Medical Journal
    RMJ. 2023; 48(3): 802-802
    » Abstract » PDF

  71. Front Page
    Rawal. Medical Journal
    RMJ. 2023; 48(3): 803-803
    » Abstract » PDF

  72. Contents
    Rawal Medical Journal
    RMJ. 2023; 48(3): 804-807
    » Abstract » PDF