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Rawal Medical Journal

Current Issue : 2021, Vol: 46, Issue: 3

ISSN : 0303-5212

ISSUES : 4 per year

PUBLISHER : Pakistan Medical Association Rawalpindi Islamabad Branch

Rawal Medical Journal is an internationally peer reviewed journal and an official publication of Pakistan Medical Association (PMA) Rawalpindi-Islamabad Branch. It is funded by PMA and HEC Pakistan and 1000 printed copies are distributed to members of PMA and all major hospitals and teaching institutions of Pakistan. It is published every three months in March, June, September and December.




RMJ. Year: 2021, Volume: 46

    Editorial

  1. Need and future prospects of Functional Endoscopic Sinus Surgery
    Muhammad Musharaf Baig, Farhat Jabeen Malik
    RMJ. 2021; 46(3): 492-493
    » Abstract » PDF

  2. Original Research

  3. Effects of oral hypoglycemic drugs on the lipid profile of controlled Type-II Diabetes Mellitus patients comparison with the patients on insulin therapy.
    Muhammad Aslam Rind, Maria Nazir, Muhammad Saleem Rind, Iffat Jamal, Shahzad Shaikh
    RMJ. 2021; 46(3): 494-496
    » Abstract » PDF

  4. Frequency and etiological spectrum of anemia presenting in a tertiary care hospital
    Iftikhar Ahmad, Haidar Zaman, Muhammad Asim, Atta Ul Wadood, Muhammad Salman Khan, Usman Akbar
    RMJ. 2021; 46(3): 497-499
    » Abstract » PDF

  5. Comparison of montelukast and ketotifen sodium in management of childhood asthma
    Sadaf Nawaz, Raja Imtiaz Ahmed, Kamran Arzoo, Irum Javed, Nasim Ilyas, Kashif Rahim
    RMJ. 2021; 46(3): 500-502
    » Abstract » PDF

  6. Correlation between smoking behavior and blood pressure among teenagers in Bima, Indonesia
    Martiningsih Thahir, Nurul Inayati, Ahmad Dahlan, Syaiful Ahmad
    RMJ. 2021; 46(3): 503-506
    » Abstract » PDF

  7. A retrospective study of differentiated thyroid carcinoma in patient presenting with multi nodular goiter at King Hussain Medical Center, Amman, Jordan
    Motaz Fawzat Naffa, Obada Ahmad Mohammad Abu Jarad, Tamara Khalid Alghzawi, Ali Mohammad Alsaweer, Tariq Aref Alshoufi
    RMJ. 2021; 46(3): 507 -510
    » Abstract » ePub Reader» PDF

  8. Dengue fever prevention - knowledge, attitude and practices among OPD patients of a private hospital, Islamabad, Pakistan
    Uzma Hassan, Uzma Naseer, Ayesha Farooq, Nasim Illyas
    RMJ. 2021; 46(3): 511-514
    » Abstract » PDF

  9. Frequency of methicillin resistant staph aureus in nasal swabs of staff working in intensive care unit and operation theaters of Lady Reading Hospital, Peshawar, Pakistan
    Zia Ud Din, Khalid Mehmood, Innayat Ullah, Naveed Iqbal, Shahabuddin Zia, Muhammad Kashif, Sajid Ali
    RMJ. 2021; 46(3): 515-517
    » Abstract » PDF

  10. Prevalence of ESBLs secreting and carbapenem-resistant E. coli from urinary tract infection
    Farhina Nasir, M. Irfan Khan, Shahid Kashif, Fakhur Uddin, Amber Naseer, Shaheem Masood
    RMJ. 2021; 46(3): 518-521
    » Abstract » PDF

  11. Frequency of Vitamin D-3 deficiency in Rheumatoid Arthritis patients at a tertiary care hospital, Gambat, Khairpur, Sindh, Pakistan
    Muhammad Kashif Abbasi, Sajjad Hussain Bhatti, Agha Syed Ali Haider Naqvi, Zamir Hussain Tunio
    RMJ. 2021; 46(3): 522-525
    » Abstract » PDF

  12. Vitamin D deficiency and its correlation with risk factors in patients visiting Rawalpindi Medical University, Pakistan
    Ali Murad Jamal, Ather Iqbal, Bilawal Abbas, Hafiz Abu Safian, Laraib Arsh, Javed Iqbal
    RMJ. 2021; 46(3): 526-529
    » Abstract » PDF

  13. Iron deficiency associated with febrile seizures
    Sajjad Ahmad Khan, Jawad Khan, Mian Sarfraz Gul, Kehkashan Akbar, Anila Farid, Muhammad Adnan
    RMJ. 2021; 46(3): 530-532
    » Abstract » PDF

  14. Prevalence of Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease in rural women presenting to a primary care hospital
    Faheem Sarwar, Maira Saleem, Fatima Zia Zaidi
    RMJ. 2021; 46(3): 533-537
    » Abstract » PDF

  15. Levels of interleukins in pre-diabetic and non-diabetic beta thalassemic children
    Nafisa Nihal, Rukhshan Khurshid, Uzma Jabbar, Naim Ahmad Nizami, Maira Mahmood, Hafiza Hina Pasha
    RMJ. 2021; 46(3): 538-541
    » Abstract » PDF

  16. Spectrum of hepatocellular carcinoma in explant liver specimens
    Muhammad Bilal, Nadira Mamoon, Zafar Ali, Imran Nazir Ahmed, Danish Hassan Khan
    RMJ. 2021; 46(3): 542-545
    » Abstract » PDF

  17. Functional endoscopic sinus surgery: Is histopathological examination of the specimen needed in all cases?
    Ayesha Jawad, Saira Iftikhar, Aisha Jan, Muhammad Zafar Rabbani
    RMJ. 2021; 46(3): 546-549
    » Abstract » PDF

  18. Recurrence of nasal polyp(s) in patients undergoing FESS and conventional intranasal polypectomy
    Syeda Samar Zehra Rizvi, Sadia Chaudhry, Zafar Ahmad, Amir Akbar, Farhat Jabeen, Nudrat Khalil
    RMJ. 2021; 46(3): 550-553
    » Abstract » PDF

  19. Effects of palonosetron and ramosetron mixed with intravenous patient-controlled analgesia infusion fluid after preoperative single injection of palonosetron for the prevention of postoperative nausea and vomiting
    Yei Heum Park, Yukyung Jeon, Jae-Wook Jung, Hyojoong Kim, Daeseok Oh, Myoung Jin Ko
    RMJ. 2021; 46(3): 554-559
    » Abstract » PDF

  20. Pattern of fodder cutting machine injury in Gambat region, Sindh, Pakistan
    Sajjad Hussain Bhatti, Muhammad Kashif Abbasi, Agha Syed Ali Haider Naqvi
    RMJ. 2021; 46(3): 560-563
    » Abstract » PDF

  21. Pattern of serial inflammatory biomarkers changes in post lumbar discectomy patients in Basrah, Iraq
    Ahmed Ibrahim Alobaidi, Mubder A. Mohammed Saeed, Thamer Ahmed Hamdan
    RMJ. 2021; 46(3): 564-567
    » Abstract » PDF

  22. Comparison between Plating and Intramedullary Nailing in the treatment of distal tibia fractures: A prospective comparative study
    Niaz Hussain Keerio, Nuresh Kumar Valecha, Najeeb ur Rehman, Mohsin Aijaz Soomro, Ajmal Khan Silro, Muhammad Faraz Jokhio
    RMJ. 2021; 46(3): 568-571
    » Abstract » PDF

  23. Comparison of infection rate in Ilizarov between Schanz screws and wires
    Qaisar Khan, Junaid Zeb, Imran Khan, Muhammad Ayaz Khan
    RMJ. 2021; 46(3): 572-575
    » Abstract » PDF

  24. Comparative effectiveness of pectoralis minor stretching and rhomboids strengthening on resting position of scapula in healthy persons with rounded shoulder posture
    Ayesha Majeed, Shoaib Kayani, Saima Riaz, Muhammad Mudassar Yasin, Arva Naeem, Syeda Rafia Mansoor
    RMJ. 2021; 46(3): 576-579
    » Abstract » PDF

  25. Health related quality of life in patients with grade III knee osteoarthritis
    Arslan Saeed, Toqeer Zulfiqar, Muhammad Kaleem, Muhammad Hafeez, Muhammad Waqas Ghauri
    RMJ. 2021; 46(3): 580-583
    » Abstract » PDF

  26. Frequency of hyperuricemia in patients with knee osteoarthritis
    Samina Mushtaq, Saba Samreen, Haris Gul, Sobia Shahzadi, Asim Zulfiqar, Aamir Shahzad
    RMJ. 2021; 46(3): 584-586
    » Abstract » PDF

  27. Prevalence of leg pain and knee contractures in children having clubfoot
    Aqsa Naveed, Syeda Arooj Fatima, Saba Riaz, Somia Sabeeh Awan, Muhammed Shareef Waqas, Sameen Aslam
    RMJ. 2021; 46(3): 587-588
    » Abstract » PDF

  28. Qualitative analysis of physical therapy outcome prior to lumbar micro-discectomy in patients with sciatica
    Faryal Zaidi, Ishaq Ahmed
    RMJ. 2021; 46(3): 589-592
    » Abstract » PDF

  29. Frequency of agricultural work-related musculoskeletal disorders, functional disability and ergonomic awareness in farmers of Kasur district, Punjab, Pakistan
    Noreen Qasim, Maria Sohail, Hafiza Sana Ashraf, Aeysha Gulzar, Nimra Javed, Abdul Ghafoor
    RMJ. 2021; 46(3): 593-599
    » Abstract » PDF

  30. Ventilatory function with and without backpack in school children
    Iqra Rauf, Hania Farheen, Zara Khalid
    RMJ. 2021; 46(3): 600-603
    » Abstract » PDF

  31. Normal values of liver and spleen sizes by ultrasonography in Pakistani children: a regional study
    Rabia Waseem Butt, Maliha Akhtar Qureshi, Maryam Amjad, Ahsen Farooq, Salma Umbreen, Aeisha Begum
    RMJ. 2021; 46(3): 604-607
    » Abstract » PDF

  32. Knowledge, Attitude and Barriers towards Evidence Based Practice among physical therapists
    Misha Shahid, Hira Arshad, Hafiz Muhammad Asim
    RMJ. 2021; 46(3): 608-611
    » Abstract » PDF

  33. Association of jaw dysfunction with Upper cross syndrome in subjects with Temporomandibular Joint Disorder
    Amna Zia, Farhia Shah, Hafiz Muhammad Asim, Muhammad Saleem Nawaz, Samrood Akram
    RMJ. 2021; 46(3): 612-615
    » Abstract » PDF

  34. Patients perception knowledge, attitude and practices regarding dental caries in Sialkot and Hyderabad, Pakistan
    Sana Zafar, Hira Shafique, Muhammad Adeel, Maria Rabbani, Danish Javed, Khurram Anwar
    RMJ. 2021; 46(3): 616-619
    » Abstract » PDF

  35. Association of Vitamin D Binding Protein with Interleukin-6 levels in serum of patients with periodontitis
    Sara Rafique, Shazia Nazar Askari, Muhammad Mansoor Majeed, Afshan Mehboob Khan, Sassi Kanwal, Faiza Abdul Sattar
    RMJ. 2021; 46(3): 620-624
    » Abstract » PDF

  36. Comparative study of antidiabetic medications in periodontitis at tertiary care hospital of Hyderabad, Sindh, Pakistan
    Khurram Anwar, Naveed Irfan, Agha Taymoor Ali, Mudassar Iqbal Arain, Saira Shahnaz, Ramesha Anwar
    RMJ. 2021; 46(3): 625-627
    » Abstract » PDF

  37. Effect of dysmenorrhea on instrumental activities of daily living
    Rabia Adil Butt , Urfah Zaigham , Farooq Islam , Asim Raza
    RMJ. 2021; 46(3): 628-631
    » Abstract » PDF

  38. Mode of delivery and perinatal outcomes of oligohydramnios: a study at a tertiary care hospital in Bahawalpur, Pakistan
    Ammad Masood, Sana Ujala, Shahnaz Anwar
    RMJ. 2021; 46(3): 632-635
    » Abstract » PDF

  39. Urinary tract infections in pregnancy and its complications in newborns
    Mahjabeen Yaseen, Sadia Rashid, Shagufta Naqvi, Uzma Salman
    RMJ. 2021; 46(3): 363-639
    » Abstract » PDF

  40. Effectiveness of intraumbilical oxytocin in retained placenta: A randomized control trial
    Tahira Nasreen, Fouzia Amir, Dureshahwar, Sajida Asghar, Saniya Naheed, Shazia Amir, Rukhshanda Aslam
    RMJ. 2021; 46(3): 640-643
    » Abstract » PDF

  41. Impact of perceived level of stress among post stroke patients
    Muhammad Waqas Ghauri, Muhammad Hafeez, Shahid Raza, Hafiz Irshad Ahmad, Abdul Salam
    RMJ. 2021; 46(3): 644-647
    » Abstract » PDF

  42. Impact of social support on caregiver stress and life satisfaction in mothers of children with neurodevelopmental disorders
    Huma Javed, Summan Zahid
    RMJ. 2021; 46(3): 648-651
    » Abstract » PDF

  43. Parenting styles out comes on psychological well being of children
    Nighat Gul, Hina Khan, Asif Niwaz
    RMJ. 2021; 46(3): 652-655
    » Abstract » PDF

  44. Perceived social support with quality of life among drug addicted and non-addicted adolescents
    Noshab Razaq, Hafiza Asma Riasat Ali, Zainab Batool, Muhammad Ashraf Chaudhry
    RMJ. 2021; 46(3): 656-659
    » Abstract » PDF

  45. Poor adherence among cases of schizophrenia reporting to a tertiary care public hospital
    Muhammad Ilyas Jat, Rakesh Kumar Hindu, Anoop Kumar Juseja, Chooni Lal Kataria
    RMJ. 2021; 46(3): 660-667
    » Abstract » PDF

  46. Religiosity and death anxiety among madrasa and college students
    Sania Sadaf, Mamona Ismail Loona, Saima Waqar
    RMJ. 2021; 46(3): 664-667
    » Abstract » PDF

  47. Socioeconomic risk factors associated with underweight children in rural area of Islamabad, Pakistan
    Sadaf Haroon, Huma Bashir, Muhammad Zeeshan, Taimur Khalil Sheikh, Ammara Farooq
    RMJ. 2021; 46(3): 668-671
    » Abstract » PDF

  48. Translation, Adaptation and Validation of scale of adjustment for adults: depression, anxiety and conduct specifiers
    Iram Naz, Razia Anjum, Sehrish
    RMJ. 2021; 46(3): 672-676
    » Abstract » PDF

  49. Educational challenges and their influence on online teaching methods in Pakistani students during COVID 19 era
    Maryam Panhwar, Shazia Parveen Rajpar, Qaiser Ali Baig, Eisha Abrar, Kantesh Kumar, Mustafa Naseem
    RMJ. 2021; 46(3): 677-680
    » Abstract » PDF

  50. Work-related Stress: A source of psychological distress among private university teachers during COVID-19
    Ansa Qurat-ul-ain
    RMJ. 2021; 46(3): 681-684
    » Abstract » PDF

  51. Acceptability of objective structured clinical examination (OSCE) as an effective assessment tool among undergraduate medical students of Majmaah University, KSA
    Tahir Ansari, Mohammed Al Mansour, Sana Tanzil
    RMJ. 2021; 46(3): 685-689
    » Abstract » PDF

  52. An observational study to assess satisfaction with multi-resource peer assisted learning among postgraduate research students
    Muhammad Shahzad, Asif Ali, Inayat Shah, Kinza Ayaz, Brekhna Jamil, Abdul Salam
    RMJ. 2021; 46(3): 690-694
    » Abstract » PDF

  53. Knowledge and Awareness of students towards Large and small group teaching in students of Rawal Institute of Health Sciences, Islamabad, Pakistan
    Nasim Ilyas, Muhammad Farooq, Zafar Latif Awan, Kashif Rahim, Afshan Zareen Bilal, Zareena Akram
    RMJ. 2021; 46(3): 695-697
    » Abstract » PDF

  54. Behavioral trends of medical institution employees in adhering to COVID-19 preventive strategies
    Ahmed Murtaz Khalid, Iffat Noor, Iffat Naiyar, Muhammad Saad Abdullah, Aiman Farogh Anjum, Muhammad Shahbaz Amin
    RMJ. 2021; 46(3): 698-701
    » Abstract » PDF

  55. Comparison of upper extremity muscles strength in school going children with and without carrying heavy bags using dynamometer
    Amara Liaqat, M Waqar Afzal, Hafiza Sana Ashraf, Ashfaq Ahamd
    RMJ. 2021; 46(3): 702-704
    » Abstract » PDF

  56. Effect of peritraumatic distress and dissociation on mental health among paramedics and police officers
    Ainee Shakir, Sadaf Ahsan, Muhammad Akram Riaz
    RMJ. 2021; 46(3): 705-709
    » Abstract » PDF

  57. Family planning knowledge and practice among reproductive age group women attending antenatal clinics in Karachi, Pakistan
    Ghazala Nasim Pasha, Nighat Nisar, Meraj Raheem, Mehwish Hussain
    RMJ. 2021; 46(3): 710-715
    » Abstract » PDF

  58. Uptake of long-acting reversible contraceptives among post abortion clients in Sargodha, Pakistan
    Saadia Maqbool, Hina Shan, Iram Manzoor
    RMJ. 2021; 46(3): 716-720
    » Abstract » PDF

  59. Public knowledge and practicing behavior regarding use of antibiotics; A cross sectional study from Lahore, Pakistan
    Jamshaid Akbar, Abu Bakar Munir, Muhammad Qamar-uz-Zaman, Zaheer Furakh, Waqar Hussain, Sharjeel Ahmad
    RMJ. 2021; 46(3): 721-724
    » Abstract » PDF

  60. Social Stigma perceived by patients of tuberculosis: Gender, age and marital status based differences
    Nasreen Akhtar, Iffat Batool
    RMJ. 2021; 46(3): 725-728
    » Abstract » PDF

  61. Are patients satisfied with Physiotherapy services? A cross-sectional survey
    Rabia Bukhari, Muhammad Nazim Farooq, Mudassar Ali, Ghazanfar Ali Khan
    RMJ. 2021; 46(3): 729-732
    » Abstract » PDF

  62. Effects of cyriax manual therapy versus mulligan technique on pain and grip strength in patients with lateral epicondylitis
    Nida Rajput, Salwa Atta
    RMJ. 2021; 46(3): 733-735
    » Abstract » PDF

  63. Effects of kinect mira versus conventional rehabilitation therapy in young adults with unilateral vestibular hypo-function
    Nadia Azhar , Zahoor Ahmad, . Ambreen Fatima , Iqra Naz , Sania Aziz , Madiha Ali
    RMJ. 2021; 46(3): 736-740
    » Abstract » PDF

  64. Screening of sickle cell anemia in high prevalence Lyari district of Karachi through different screening tests
    Durr e Sameen Kamran, Uzair Abbas, Farheen Danish, Shahneela Parveen, Afshan Mehboob
    RMJ. 2021; 46(3): 741-744
    » Abstract » PDF

  65. Effect of Ficus carica on lead acetate induced changes in diameter of seminiferous tubules of adult rat testis
    Ayesha Asad, Shabnam Hamid, Saima Qureshi
    RMJ. 2021; 46(3): 745-748
    » Abstract » PDF

  66. Review Article

  67. Instrument soft tissue mobilization integrated with exercise for musculoskeletal disorders
    Tahir Mahmood, Waqar Afzal, Umair Ahmad, Muhammad Asim Arif, Ashfaq Ahmad
    RMJ. 2021; 46(3): 749-752
    » Abstract » PDF

  68. Short Communication

  69. Prevalence of Vitamin B12 Deficiency in anemic Afghan patients visiting Rehman Medical Institute, Peshawar, Pakistan
    Zair Hassan, Shah Jehan, Uzair Yaqoob, Ibad Ur Rehman, Rafi Ullah, Irfan Ullah
    RMJ. 2021; 46(3): 753-755
    » Abstract » PDF

  70. Technical Note

  71. Corrigenda
    Rawal Medical Journal
    RMJ. 2021; 46(3): 756-758
    » Abstract » PDF

  72. Information for authors
    Rawal Medical journal
    RMJ. 2021; 46(3): 759-759
    » Abstract » PDF






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