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Original Research 
RMJ. 2022; 47(2): 446-450


Addicted to smartphones: Exploring the prevalence of smartphone usage patterns and addiction among undergraduates in South Punjab-Pakistan

Ruqia Safdar Bajwa, Haslinda Binti Abdullah, Wan Munira Wan Jaafar, Asnarul Khadi Abu Samah.

Abstract
Objective: To document the prevalence of smartphone use patterns and smartphone addiction among undergraduate university students in South Punjab, Pakistan.
Methodology: This cross-sectional survey was conducted on undergraduate university students of 18-22 years recruited through multistage cluster random sampling technique from 2 universities of South Punjab, Pakistan from June to August 2020. Demographic information form and self-administered questionnaires measured smartphone addiction and smartphone use patterns. Data were analyzed with SPSS version 23.
Results: Out of 621 respondents, 84.2% reported always keeping their smartphones. Nearly one-third (28.4%) used smartphones up to 3 hours a day, 23.3% three to 4 hours, and 48.3% used them more than 4 hours daily. Overall, 53% of students had high use of different smartphone patterns (interpersonal needs, entertainment, transaction, and information-seeking), and 51.4% scored high on the smartphone addiction scale.
Conclusion: The frequency of high smartphone use patterns and addiction is prevalent among undergraduate university students. Long hours of use and accessibility of smartphones are essential factors that should be considered while developing preventive measures and strategies.

Key words: Smartphone use patterns, smartphone addiction, personality, nomophobia.


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Ruqia Safdar Bajwa, Haslinda Binti Abdullah, Wan Munira Wan Jaafar, Asnarul Khadi Abu Samah. Addicted to smartphones: Exploring the prevalence of smartphone usage patterns and addiction among undergraduates in South Punjab-Pakistan . RMJ. 2022; 47(2): 446-450.


Web Style

Ruqia Safdar Bajwa, Haslinda Binti Abdullah, Wan Munira Wan Jaafar, Asnarul Khadi Abu Samah. Addicted to smartphones: Exploring the prevalence of smartphone usage patterns and addiction among undergraduates in South Punjab-Pakistan . https://www.rmj.org.pk/?mno=65334 [Access: June 21, 2022].


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Ruqia Safdar Bajwa, Haslinda Binti Abdullah, Wan Munira Wan Jaafar, Asnarul Khadi Abu Samah. Addicted to smartphones: Exploring the prevalence of smartphone usage patterns and addiction among undergraduates in South Punjab-Pakistan . RMJ. 2022; 47(2): 446-450.



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Ruqia Safdar Bajwa, Haslinda Binti Abdullah, Wan Munira Wan Jaafar, Asnarul Khadi Abu Samah. Addicted to smartphones: Exploring the prevalence of smartphone usage patterns and addiction among undergraduates in South Punjab-Pakistan . RMJ. (2022), [cited June 21, 2022]; 47(2): 446-450.



Harvard Style

Ruqia Safdar Bajwa, Haslinda Binti Abdullah, Wan Munira Wan Jaafar, Asnarul Khadi Abu Samah (2022) Addicted to smartphones: Exploring the prevalence of smartphone usage patterns and addiction among undergraduates in South Punjab-Pakistan . RMJ, 47 (2), 446-450.



Turabian Style

Ruqia Safdar Bajwa, Haslinda Binti Abdullah, Wan Munira Wan Jaafar, Asnarul Khadi Abu Samah. 2022. Addicted to smartphones: Exploring the prevalence of smartphone usage patterns and addiction among undergraduates in South Punjab-Pakistan . Rawal Medical Journal, 47 (2), 446-450.



Chicago Style

Ruqia Safdar Bajwa, Haslinda Binti Abdullah, Wan Munira Wan Jaafar, Asnarul Khadi Abu Samah. "Addicted to smartphones: Exploring the prevalence of smartphone usage patterns and addiction among undergraduates in South Punjab-Pakistan ." Rawal Medical Journal 47 (2022), 446-450.



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Ruqia Safdar Bajwa, Haslinda Binti Abdullah, Wan Munira Wan Jaafar, Asnarul Khadi Abu Samah. "Addicted to smartphones: Exploring the prevalence of smartphone usage patterns and addiction among undergraduates in South Punjab-Pakistan ." Rawal Medical Journal 47.2 (2022), 446-450. Print.



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Ruqia Safdar Bajwa, Haslinda Binti Abdullah, Wan Munira Wan Jaafar, Asnarul Khadi Abu Samah (2022) Addicted to smartphones: Exploring the prevalence of smartphone usage patterns and addiction among undergraduates in South Punjab-Pakistan . Rawal Medical Journal, 47 (2), 446-450.








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