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Rawal Medical Journal

Current Issue : 2020, Vol: 45, Issue: 2

ISSN : 0303-5212

ISSUES : 4 per year

PUBLISHER : Pakistan Medical Association Rawalpindi Islamabad Branch

Rawal Medical Journal is an internationally peer reviewed journal and an official publication of Pakistan Medical Association (PMA) Rawalpindi-Islamabad Branch. It is funded by PMA and HEC Pakistan and 1000 printed copies are distributed to members of PMA and all major hospitals and teaching institutions of Pakistan. It is published every three months in March, June, September and December.

RMJ. Year: 2020, Volume: 45


  1. COVID Pandemic: Lessons for Pakistan
    Ejaz Khan
    RMJ. 2020; 45(2): 250-252
    » Abstract » PDF

  2. Original Research

  3. Systemic lupus erythematosus clinical spectrum at King Abdul Aziz Specialists Hospital, Taif, Saudi Arabia
    Ajmal Farid, Hammad Tufail Chaudhary, Imran Nazir, Irshad Ahmad Sirwal, Anjum Zahin
    RMJ. 2020; 45(2): 253-256
    » Abstract » PDF

  4. Hypertensive patients are prone to have large infarcts when present with acute coronary syndrome
    Zahid Mahmood, Noeman Ahmed, Anjum Iqbal, Abdul Rashid, Naveed Arshad
    RMJ. 2020; 45(2): 257-260
    » Abstract » PDF

  5. Effect of Inspiratory and Expiratory Muscle Training to reduce Hypertension among Stage I and II Hypertensive Patients
    Tahir Ramzan, Muhammad Iqbal Tariq, Maria Razzaq, Madeeha Shafiq, Zara Khalid, Imran Amjad, Sumaiyah Obaid
    RMJ. 2020; 45(2): 261-264
    » Abstract » PDF

  6. Diabetic dyslipidemia and association of glycemic status with lipid profile, body mass index and abdominal obesity
    Kuldeep Poorani, Nisar Ahmed Khokhar, Pardeep Kumar, Pushpa Goswami
    RMJ. 2020; 45(2): 265-268
    » Abstract » PDF

  7. Correlation between self reported adherence to haemodialysis and serum phosphate levels in patients with end stage renal disease
    Abdul Rehman Arshad, Salahuddin, Abdul Wahab Mir, Taleah Tahir
    RMJ. 2020; 45(2): 269-272
    » Abstract » PDF

  8. Assessment of various types of poisoning cases seen in District Hospital, Badin, Sindh, Pakistan
    Fayaz Hussain Khoso, Fouzia Panhwar, Mudassar Iqbal Arain, Abdullah Dayo, Muhammad Ali Ghoto
    RMJ. 2020; 45(2): 272-277
    » Abstract » PDF

  9. Knowledge, Attitude and Practices of dentists regarding modes of transmission of Hepatitis B virus in our society
    Hira Shafique, Sana Zafar, Danish Javed
    RMJ. 2020; 45(2): 278-281
    » Abstract » PDF

  10. Comparison of Atorvastatin and 0.1% Betamethasone Valerate in Psoriatic patients
    Farah Jawed, Fatima Rizvi, Arfa Azhar, Jamal Ara, Zareen Naz, Jawed Iqbal
    RMJ. 2020; 45(2): 282-286
    » Abstract » PDF

  11. Patterns of antibiotic susceptibility and resistance in some common wound pathogens from Sukkur, Pakistan
    Fawad Shabbir Memon, Shaista Bano, Sarfraz Ali Tunio
    RMJ. 2020; 45(2): 287-290
    » Abstract » PDF

  12. Current trends in antimicrobial susceptibility pattern of Salmonella typhi and paratyphi
    Abdul Sattar, Fatima Kaleem, Saleh Muhammad, Faisal Iqbal, M Qasim Zia, Rehan Anwar
    RMJ. 2020; 45(2): 291-294
    » Abstract » PDF

  13. Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus among food handlers in Jordan: frequency, risk factors, toxigenicity and antibiotic resistance
    Mohammad abu lubad, Hamed Alzoubi, Wael Al zereini, Duaa AK. Jarajreh, Fawzieh Alhjooj, Amin A. Aqel
    RMJ. 2020; 45(2): 295-299
    » Abstract » PDF

  14. Incidence and management of burn patients at tertiary care hospital
    Altaf Hussain Ghumro, Abdul Hakeem Jamali, Inayat Ali Zardari, Mashooq Ali Khuwaja, Zulifqar Ali Imtiaz Memon, Imtiaz Ali Soomro
    RMJ. 2020; 45(2): 300-302
    » Abstract » PDF

  15. Anxiety, Depression and Irritable Bowel Syndrome: Results from a Local Population in Pakistan
    Raja Mobeen Ahmed, Muhammad Mohsin Ali, Fatima Akram, Maimoona Zamurad Khan, Raza Gulzar Ghouri, Maria Zamurad Khan
    RMJ. 2020; 45(2): 303-306
    » Abstract » PDF

  16. Pulmonary complications among patients with Stroke
    Syed Muhammad Mateen, Arooj Munawar
    RMJ. 2020; 45(2): 307-309
    » Abstract » PDF

  17. Analysis of gait pattern deviations among chronic post stroke patients
    Aroosa Tariq, Sundus Akhtar, Misbah Marryam, Muhammad Umar, Mansoor Iqbal
    RMJ. 2020; 45(2): 310-313
    » Abstract » PDF

  18. Development, validation and psychometric evaluation of the Suicidality Scale
    Zaqia Bano, Iram Naz, Mehreen Mukhtar
    RMJ. 2020; 45(2): 314-317
    » Abstract » PDF

  19. Frequency of drug Addiction in youth:A case study from Hyderabad region, Pakistan
    Raheela Afzal, Sadaf Laghari, Shumail Hussain, Fahad Jibran Sial, Muhammad Ali Ghoto, Mudassar Iqbal
    RMJ. 2020; 45(2): 318-322
    » Abstract » PDF

  20. The Correlation, Receiver-Operating Characteristics (ROC) analysis and percentiles: Validation of moral disengagement scale for adolescents
    Saima Riaz, Zaqia Bano
    RMJ. 2020; 45(2): 323-326
    » Abstract » PDF

  21. Longitudinal study on seasonal affective disorders in Pakistan
    Atia Sharif, Muhammad Naveed Riaz
    RMJ. 2020; 45(2): 327-330
    » Abstract » PDF

  22. Narcissism and self-esteem as predictors of Selfitis among Youth
    Najma Iqbal Malik, Jawairia Zafar, Anam Saleemi
    RMJ. 2020; 45(2): 331-333
    » Abstract » PDF

  23. Impact of decision making styles on mental health of working adults
    Syeda Razia Bukhari, Werdah Ashraf
    RMJ. 2020; 45(2): 334-337
    » Abstract » PDF

  24. Association between fear avoidance belief and pain in pregnant women with pelvic girdle pain
    Syeda Rukhe Zehra, Faiza Sharif, Ashfaq Ahmad, Syed Amir Gilani
    RMJ. 2020; 45(2): 338-341
    » Abstract » PDF

  25. Association of Cyclin D progression with malignant transformation of oral mucosa in tobacco users
    Sarwat Batool, Syed Naqeeb Ali, Najia Soomro, Syed Liaquat Ali
    RMJ. 2020; 45(2): 342-346
    » Abstract » PDF

  26. Frequency of posterior wall acetabular fracture in patients presenting with posterior hip dislocations
    Mukesh Kumar, Masroor Ahmed, Ghulam Hussain, Muhammad Saleem, Khurram Sahar, Muhammad Bux
    RMJ. 2020; 45(2): 347-349
    » Abstract » PDF

  27. Detection of biofilm and bacterial colonization on DJ stent in obstructive uropathy
    Ghulam Shabir Shaikh, Abdul Hussain Shar, Muhammad Imran Soomro, Aamir Ali Shaikh, Nisar Ahmed Shaikh, Malik Hussain Jalbani
    RMJ. 2020; 45(2): 350-352
    » Abstract » PDF

  28. Effects of Mulliganís mobilization with movements versus myofascial release in addition to usual care on pain and range in knee osteoarthritis
    Shamim Mahmooda, Iqra Ishaq, Maryam Safdar, Madiha Sabir, Ambreen Tahir, Saira Irshad
    RMJ. 2020; 45(2): 353-357
    » Abstract » PDF

  29. Effectiveness of Mulliganís Bent Leg Raise Technique Versus Muscle Energy Technique on Pain Intensity and Hamstring Flexibility in Patients with Knee Osteoarthritis
    Komal Tariq, Filza Shoukat, Umair Ahmed
    RMJ. 2020; 45(2): 358-362
    » Abstract » PDF

  30. Patient satisfaction following Total Knee Arthroplasty; an increasingly significant outcome measure
    Hira Arshad, Ubaid Ullah Akbar, Hafiz Muhammad Asim
    RMJ. 2020; 45(2): 363-366
    » Abstract » PDF

  31. Carpal tunnel syndrome and its associated factors in third trimester of pregnancy.
    Shaheen Noor, Anila Sana, Rabia Tariq, Hina Tahir, Aqsa Tariq
    RMJ. 2020; 45(2): 367-369
    » Abstract » PDF

  32. Cervicogenic headache and neck pain among computer users
    Farjad Afzal, Malik Muhammad Atif, Ashok Kumar, Akhtar Rasul, Asif Islam, Iqra Nadeem
    RMJ. 2020; 45(2): 370-372
    » Abstract » PDF

  33. Prevalence of nonspecific neck pain in dental practitioners of Lahore: A cross sectional study
    Umul Khair, Wajiha Shahid, Naveed Arshad, Shahzadi Sumbal Naz, Ayesha Yasin Chaudhry, Hadiqa Adnan
    RMJ. 2020; 45(2): 373-376
    » Abstract » PDF

  34. Prevalence of musculoskeletal disorders, associated risk factors and coping strategies among secondary school teachers in Fiji
    Ranisha Kiran Chand, Mudassar Ali Roomi, Shofeen Begum, Ansa Mudassar
    RMJ. 2020; 45(2): 377-381
    » Abstract » PDF

  35. Prevalence of musculoskeletal symptoms and its associated risk factors in touchscreen tablet computer users
    Aqdas Javaid, Fahad Tanveer, Faiza Sharif, Sadia
    RMJ. 2020; 45(2): 382-384
    » Abstract » PDF

  36. Frequency of musculoskeletal shoulder pain and level of disability in loaders working at railway stations of Lahore city
    Haris Farooq, Maria Sohail, Muhammad Asadullah Saeed, Hafiza Sana Ashraf
    RMJ. 2020; 45(2): 385-387
    » Abstract » PDF

  37. Frequency of musculoskeletal disorders among prisoners of Lahore, Pakistan
    Anila Afzal, Gulnaz Zaheer, Umer Maqsood, Hafiz Sheraz Arshad, Tahir Mahmood
    RMJ. 2020; 45(2): 388-391
    » Abstract » PDF

  38. Frequency of work-related musculoskeletal disorders and with associated factors among physical therapists of Faisalabad, Pakistan
    Aiza Nasir, Ayesha Rehman, Rafia Tariq, Nazia Sarfraz, Muhammad Umar Sadiq
    RMJ. 2020; 45(2): 392-395
    » Abstract » PDF

  39. Leg cramps among older men and women
    Azka Asghar, Ashfaq Ahmad, Syed Amir Gillani
    RMJ. 2020; 45(2): 396-398
    » Abstract » PDF

  40. Upper extremity musculoskeletal disorders in female versus male workers
    Sana Hanif, Ashfaq Ahmad, Syed Amir Gillani
    RMJ. 2020; 45(2): 399-402
    » Abstract » PDF

  41. Neuromuscular diseases seen in District Head Quarters Hospital, Sargodha, Pakistan
    Saba Riaz, Pakeeza Seemal, Asif Islam, Azka Sadique, Asma Iqbal, Farjad Afzal
    RMJ. 2020; 45(2): 403-405
    » Abstract » PDF

  42. Outcome of primary repair versus ileostomy in patients with typhoid ileal perforation
    Neelma, Uzair Ahmad, Haroon Khan, Yousaf Jan, Syeda Maryam Ilyas, Abdul Salam
    RMJ. 2020; 45(2): 406-409
    » Abstract » PDF

  43. Accuracy of hyperbilirubinemia and neutrophil lymphocyte ratio as independent predictors of perforation in acute appendicitis
    Mirza Tassawar Hussain, Shamsuddin Syed, Hira Ijaz, Aabid Ali, Erum Khan, Kashif Khan
    RMJ. 2020; 45(2): 410-413
    » Abstract » PDF

  44. Per-meatal myringoplasty; determinants of outcome of tympanic membrane reconstruction
    Nadeem Ahmed Sheikh, Amer Sabih Hydri, Irfan Saeed, Muhammad Umar Aasim
    RMJ. 2020; 45(2): 414-418
    » Abstract » PDF

  45. Autoinflation treatment of otitis media with effusion: a quasi-experimental study
    Muhammad Mubarik Ali, Rabia Zaman Khan, Ghulam Saqulain, Asim Iqbal
    RMJ. 2020; 45(2): 419-422
    » Abstract » PDF

  46. Maximum Phonation Time in Pakistani Adults with Normal Voice
    Saira Ambreen, Nazia Bashir, Sharmeen Aslam Tarar, Rukhsana Kausar
    RMJ. 2020; 45(2): 423-426
    » Abstract » PDF

  47. Validity and reliability of Pelvic organ prolapse simple screening inventory in women population of Faisalabad, Pakistan
    Ifrah Mustafa, Ashfaq Ahmad, Umair Arshad, Anam Iftikhar, Huma Mehwish, Sadia Khan
    RMJ. 2020; 45(2): 427-429
    » Abstract » PDF

  48. Prevalence of dysmenorrhea and impact on young medical students; a cross sectional study on students of medical colleges of Lahore, Pakistan
    Tabinda Ashraf, Sumra Riaz, Salwa Atta, Ansa Ikram, Hafiza Komal Shehzadi
    RMJ. 2020; 45(2): 430-433
    » Abstract » PDF

  49. Prevalence of antenatal depression and associated risk factors among pregnant women attending antenatal clinics in Karachi, Pakistan
    Shahina Ishtiaque, Shazia Sultana, Urooj Malik, Uzair Yaqoob, Sheeba Hussain
    RMJ. 2020; 45(2): 434-438
    » Abstract » PDF

  50. The prevalence of Low back pain in pregnant women and its impact on Activities of Daily Living
    Muhammad Kashif, Maria Kokab, Ayesha Tahreem, Amna Quraishi, Jaweriya Afzal Madni, Sahar Ashraf
    RMJ. 2020; 45(2): 439-442
    » Abstract » PDF

  51. Frequency of feto-maternal complications among referral cases to Shaikh Zaid Women Hospital, Larkana after unsuccessful trial of labor
    Shabana Bano Soomro, Rabail Soomro, Shabnam Naz Shaikh, Tanveer Akhtar, Ahmed Bux Shaikh, Shazia Parveen Shaikh
    RMJ. 2020; 45(2): 443-446
    » Abstract » PDF

  52. A comparative study of job satisfaction among nurses working as Medical Teaching Institution employees and civil servants in Hayatabad Medical Complex, Peshawar, Pakistan
    Abdullah, Afshah Tabassum, Hassan Ali, Rustam Khan
    RMJ. 2020; 45(2): 447-450
    » Abstract » PDF

  53. Influence of womenís reproductive autonomy on sex biased coercive miscarriage in gynecological rural establishments of South Punjab, Pakistan
    Tehmina Sattar, Saeed Ahmad, Umera Saleem, Fauzia Maqsood
    RMJ. 2020; 45(2): 451-455
    » Abstract » PDF

  54. Social factors behind growing tuberculosis in rural areas of district Multan, Pakistan
    Syed Zuhaib Aziz, Niaz Muhammad
    RMJ. 2020; 45(2): 456-460
    » Abstract » PDF

  55. Knowledge, attitude and practice of final year medical students regarding thalassemia major
    Shagufta Sohail, Kaneez Fatima, Noshina Riaz
    RMJ. 2020; 45(2): 461-465
    » Abstract » PDF

  56. Factors affecting exclusively breastfeeding in Punjab: A qualitative study
    Muhammad Asim, Yasir Nawaz
    RMJ. 2020; 45(2): 466-469
    » Abstract » PDF

  57. Practices and barriers regarding Infant and Young Child Feeding among mothers, of age 0-23 months, in a tertiary care hospital in Islamabad, Pakistan
    Nadia Junaiid, Saima Hamid, Sundas Ali, Shemaila Saleem, Fouzia Hanif, Ayesha Haider
    RMJ. 2020; 45(2): 470-473
    » Abstract » PDF

  58. Relationship of weaning practices to malnutrition in children aged 6-24 month presenting at DHQ Teaching Hospital, Sahiwal, Pakistan
    Rana Aamir Diwan, Sajid Mustafa, Hira Iftikhar, Sheraz Akbar, Muhammad Saiful Malook, Maaz Qasim
    RMJ. 2020; 45(2): 474-478
    » Abstract » PDF

  59. Do Psychostimulants impact academic grades? A cross-sectional survey on medical students of Karachi, Pakistan
    Noor e Sabah Saleem, Aneeta Khoso, Saima Zainab, Rabab Zehra
    RMJ. 2020; 45(2): 479-482
    » Abstract » PDF

  60. Comparison of strength of shoulder flexors measured through manual muscle testing and hand-held dynamometry in young healthy females
    Saadia Perwaiz, Muhammad Waqar Afzal, Ashfaq Ahmad, Ghulam Fatima, Syed Amir Gilani
    RMJ. 2020; 45(2): 483-487
    » Abstract » PDF

  61. Knowledge and utilization of antenatal care among women visiting Teaching Hospitals of Sahiwal, Pakistan
    Hina Ilyas, Muhammad Hassam Rehm, Rana Aamir Diwan, Fiza Amin, Sajid Hameed
    RMJ. 2020; 45(2): 488-492
    » Abstract » PDF

  62. Knowledge and Use of Evidence-Based Practice among physical therapists, dieticians and nurses
    Ameena Amjad, Amen Fatima, Abida Bashir
    RMJ. 2020; 45(2): 493-496
    » Abstract » PDF

  63. Case Report

  64. Sudden onset of ventricular bigeminy just before induction of anesthesia in child
    Sehun Kim, Myoungjin Ko, Nakyung Lee, Yonghan Kim, Sangeun Lee, Daeseok Oh
    RMJ. 2020; 45(2): 497-499
    » Abstract » PDF

  65. Technical Note

  66. Information for authors
    Rawal Medical Journal
    RMJ. 2020; 45(2): 500-500
    » Abstract » PDF




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  Approved by the Higher Education Commission of Pakistan and Pakistan Medical and Dental Council


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