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Rawal Medical Journal

Current Issue : 2020, Vol: 45, Issue: 4

ISSN : 0303-5212

ISSUES : 4 per year

PUBLISHER : Pakistan Medical Association Rawalpindi Islamabad Branch

Rawal Medical Journal is an internationally peer reviewed journal and an official publication of Pakistan Medical Association (PMA) Rawalpindi-Islamabad Branch. It is funded by PMA and HEC Pakistan and 1000 printed copies are distributed to members of PMA and all major hospitals and teaching institutions of Pakistan. It is published every three months in March, June, September and December.

RMJ. Year: 2020, Volume: 45


  1. Smoking amid Covid-19; a jeopardy calling attention
    Shizma Junejo, Khalid Mustafa Memon, Mehreen Lateef
    RMJ. 2020; 45(4): 748-749
    » Abstract » PDF

  2. Original Research

  3. Prevalence and risk factors associated with Hepatitis B and Hepatitis C infection in Mirpurkhas, Sindh, Pakistan
    Misbah Aslam Arain, Zulfiqar Ali Laghari, Ayaz Ali Samo, Salma Farukh Memon, Shakil Ahmed Shaikh, Jamshed Warsi
    RMJ. 2020; 45(4): 750-754
    » Abstract » PDF

  4. Prevalence of Hepatitis-G virus infection in patients with liver diseases in district Larkana, Pakistan
    Lubna Naz, Nisar Ahmed Shaikh, Ikram Ahmed Tunio, Jaikrishan Ambwani, Nadia Bhatti, Pir Bux Ghumro
    RMJ. 2020; 45(4): 755-757
    » Abstract » PDF

  5. Seroprevalence of Human Immunodeficiency Virus among Injecting Drug Users in District Sanghar, Sindh, Pakistan
    Abdul Nabi Jatt, Abdul Sami Dahri, Shaista Bano, Sarfraz Ali Tunio, Babar Aijaz Memon, Asim Patrick
    RMJ. 2020; 45(4): 758-761
    » Abstract » PDF

  6. Relationship between Atrial fibrillation and plasma omentin-1 levels in patients with coronary artery disease
    Shazia Nazar, Sitwat Zehra
    RMJ. 2020; 45(4): 762-765
    » Abstract » PDF

  7. Long-term coronary artery graft patency evaluation by computed tomographic coronary angiography
    Aamena Ali, Shazia Yusuf, Shazia Zeb, Romasa Zeb, Uswa Zeb
    RMJ. 2020; 45(4): 766-770
    » Abstract » PDF

  8. Association of serum sphingosine-1-phosphate with forced expiratory volume and absolute eosinophil count in asthma patients
    Haji Muhammad Rashid, Mudassar Khan, Muhammad Jamal, Nadia Awan, Muhammad Waseem
    RMJ. 2020; 45(4): 771-774
    » Abstract » PDF

  9. Emerging pattern of bacterial isolates causing neonatal sepsis and their antibiotic susceptibility
    Muhammad Adnan, Amna Khan, Ammara Khalid, Sajjad Ahmad Khan, Ifnan Shamraiz, Khyal Muhammad
    RMJ. 2020; 45(4): 775-779
    » Abstract » PDF

  10. Frequency of anorexia nervosa among female university students of Lahore, Pakistan
    Misbah Waris, Kashmala Dawood, Tehreem Mukhtar, Rabiya Noor, Muhammad Salman Bashir
    RMJ. 2020; 45(4): 780-782
    » Abstract » PDF

  11. Frequency of urinary tract infection in type 2 DM attending at Dow University Hospital Karachi, Pakistan
    Muhammad Umar Khan , Syed Muhammad Adnan , Akhtar Ali Baloch
    RMJ. 2020; 45(4): 783-785
    » Abstract » PDF

  12. Knowledge of Covid-19 symptoms and prevention among Pakistani adults
    Sadia Malik
    RMJ. 2020; 45(4): 786-789
    » Abstract » PDF

  13. Biochemical parameters and comparison with CA 15-3 in premenopausal females with BRCA
    Maira Mahmood, Arham Javed, Uzma Jabbar, Muhammad Fahim ul Haq, Naim Ahmad Nizami, Farah Bano Niazi
    RMJ. 2020; 45(4): 790-793
    » Abstract » PDF

  14. Nexus of spirituality and social support with its impact on cancer patients’ stress in KPK, Pakistan
    Abid Ali, Niaz Muhammad, Ihsan Ullah Khan, Azizullah Jan, Mansoor Ahmad
    RMJ. 2020; 45(4): 794-797
    » Abstract » PDF

  15. Exploratory laparotomies in the emergency room: increasing burden and implications
    Waqas Hasan Syed, Raheel Ahmad , Usman Qureshi, Jahangir Sarwar Khan, Salman Shafique, Faryal Azhar, Sarosh Afzal Farooqi
    RMJ. 2020; 45(4): 798-801
    » Abstract » PDF

  16. Surgical management of ureterocele, experience at urology department in Chandka Medical College Larkana, Pakistan
    Aamir Ali Shaikh, Sajid Ali Abbasi, Azizullah Mirani, Malik Hussain Jalbani
    RMJ. 2020; 45(4): 802-805
    » Abstract » PDF

  17. Outcome of laparoscopic versus open surgery in patients with hydatid cyst of liver
    Uzair Ahmad, Asif Anwar, Sophia Asif Khan, Qurat Ul Ain, Mustafa Kamal, Zahid Aman
    RMJ. 2020; 45(4): 806-809
    » Abstract » PDF

  18. Efficacy of nepafenac in maintaining mydriasis during phacoemulsification surgery
    Maha Shahbaz, Shamshad Ali, Saqib Siddiq, Alina Mustafa, Khawaja Mohsin Ihsan, Fiza Azhar
    RMJ. 2020; 45(4): 810-812
    » Abstract » PDF

  19. Comparison of diagnosis and management options for placenta accreta spectrum with standard guidelines
    Nosheen Akhtar, Arifa Bari, Fatima Nazim, Zartaj Hayat
    RMJ. 2020; 45(4): 813-816
    » Abstract » PDF

  20. Clinical, hormonal and metabolic factors associated with polycystic ovary syndrome among Pakistani women
    Tariq Feroz Memon, Kumayl Abbas Meghji, Allah Bachayo Rajar, Shumaila Khowaja, Amjid Azam, Sardaran Khatoon
    RMJ. 2020; 45(4): 817-821
    » Abstract » PDF

  21. Comparison of the frequency of menorrhagia in post-tubal ligation women versus normal (non-tubal ligation) women
    Sana Ujala, Ammad Masood, Najma Shaheen
    RMJ. 2020; 45(4): 822-825
    » Abstract » PDF

  22. Psychosocial problems in pregnant women: A psychometric study
    Amber Ashfaq, Sadia Saleem, Nosheen Karamat, Zahid Mahmood
    RMJ. 2020; 45(4): 826-829
    » Abstract » PDF

  23. Effects of Kegel exercises for the management of pelvic floor muscles weakness after episiotomy
    Mehr un Nisa, Arooj Fatima, Sundas Sohail, Shiza Kazmi, Ashfaq Ahmad, Syed Amir Gilani
    RMJ. 2020; 45(4): 830-833
    » Abstract » PDF

  24. Comparison between shockwave and ultrasound therapy in patients with plantar fasciitis
    Riaz Hashmi, Muhammad Sajjad Yousaf, Naveed Arshad, Anam Naz, Maryam Shabbir, Saira Waqar
    RMJ. 2020; 45(4): 834-837
    » Abstract » PDF

  25. Prevalence of frozen shoulder among patients with diabetes: a single center experience from Karachi, Pakistan
    Qurratulain Ahmad, Iqra Yaseen, Rabia Sattar, Uzair Abbas, Umair Nawaz
    RMJ. 2020; 45(4): 838-841
    » Abstract » PDF

  26. Comparison of routine physical therapy exercises with and without core stability exercises in total knee replacement patients
    Soleman Warner, Ashfaq Ahmad, Muhammad Waqar Afzal, Sadia Khan, Marya Muhammad Aslam, Syed Amir Gillani
    RMJ. 2020; 45(4): 842-845
    » Abstract » PDF

  27. Association of locomotive syndrome risk with knee osteoarthritis
    Namra Anees, Aruba Saeed, Huma Riaz, Fizah Mahnoor Khan
    RMJ. 2020; 45(4): 846-849
    » Abstract » PDF

  28. Evaluation of physicians' and surgeons’ knowledge regarding physiotherapy in KPK Pakistan
    Keramat Ullah Keramat, Rashid Ahmad, Haider Darain, Abdul Ghafoor Sajjad
    RMJ. 2020; 45(4): 850-853
    » Abstract » PDF

  29. Conventional physical therapy with low level laser therapy on pain and functional disability in patients of upper trapezius muscle trigger point
    Iqra Waseem, Fahad Tanveer, Arooj Fatima
    RMJ. 2020; 45(4): 854-856
    » Abstract » PDF

  30. Effectiveness of spinal stabilization exercises with and without stretching of Latissimus dorsi Muscle in chronic mechanical low back pain
    Shahid Raza, Waqar Ahmed Awan, Muhammad Waqas Ghauri, Tahir Mahmood, Sammar Abbas
    RMJ. 2020; 45(4): 857-862
    » Abstract » PDF

  31. Level of physical inactivity and quality of life in overweight female students
    Areeba Ghaffar, Nimra Ilyas, Ashfaq Ahmad
    RMJ. 2020; 45(4): 863-866
    » Abstract » PDF

  32. Mental health functioning of co-dependence and gender as predictor among parents of intellectually disabled children
    Hoorulain Ehsan, Ivan Suneel
    RMJ. 2020; 45(4): 867-870
    » Abstract » PDF

  33. Association of sedentary life style and musculoskeletal disorders among school going children: an emerging dilemma
    Sujata Mandhwani, Sadaf Zia, Arsalan Ahmed Shaikh, Erum Tanveer, Salman Matiullah Shaikh
    RMJ. 2020; 45(4): 871-874
    » Abstract » PDF

  34. Efficacy of bio-dentine and mineral trioxide aggregate in pulpotomies of cariously exposed vital permanent teeth
    Kelash Kumar, Seema Naz, Parveen Memon, Muhammad Mubeen Arshad, Fozia Rajput, Muhammad Arif Shaikh
    RMJ. 2020; 45(4): 875-878
    » Abstract » PDF

  35. Status and practice of oral hygiene among dental patients at tertiary care hospital of Sialkot, Punjab, Pakistan
    Danish javed, Sana Zafar, Hira shafique, Mudassar Iqbal Arain, Khurram Anwar, Saira Shahnaz
    RMJ. 2020; 45(4): 879-881
    » Abstract » PDF

  36. Depressive disorder in the mothers of Thalassemia patients in Punjab, Pakistan
    Nazai Malik, Farhana Nosheen, Muhammad Nafees, Rizwan Ashraf, Manahil Jabbar
    RMJ. 2020; 45(4): 882-885
    » Abstract » PDF

  37. Correlation of perceived stress and psychological well-being among doctors serving at various government and private hospitals of Faisalabad.
    Nazia Nazir, Hafiz Amjad Hussain, Fatima Tanveer, Subhan Ullah, Maryam Khokar, Ahmad Ayaz Sabri
    RMJ. 2020; 45(4): 886-889
    » Abstract » PDF

  38. Risk and vulnerability factors of breakup distress in young adults
    Anila Sarwar, Sara Subhan, Sadia Saleem, Zahid Mahmood
    RMJ. 2020; 45(4): 890-893
    » Abstract » PDF

  39. Self-esteem with quality of life among addicted and non-addicted adolescents
    Noshaba Razaq, Muhammad Ashraf chaudhry, Yamna Razaq, Muhammad Khawar Ul Hassan Gillani, Menahil Mukhtar, Rana Muhammad Hamza Anwar
    RMJ. 2020; 45(4): 894-897
    » Abstract » PDF

  40. Coping with the stress of congenital visual impairment
    Safia Sultana, Sadia Saleem, Zahid Mahmood
    RMJ. 2020; 45(4): 898-901
    » Abstract » PDF

  41. Predictors of acculturative stress in Chinese academic sojourners in Pakistan
    Sehrish Nawaz, Muhammad Naveed Riaz
    RMJ. 2020; 45(4): 902-905
    » Abstract » PDF

  42. Psychometric study of Facebook addiction among university students in Islamabad, Pakistan
    Qaisar Khalid Mahmood, Muhammad Babar Akram, Aisha Jalil, Rubeena Zakar
    RMJ. 2020; 45(4): 906-909
    » Abstract » PDF

  43. Psychosocial problems in nurses: A psychometric approach
    Saba Aslam, Zahid Mahmood
    RMJ. 2020; 45(4): 910-914
    » Abstract » PDF

  44. The influence of psychoeducation on family’s emotional expressions in caring patients with paranoid schizophrenia
    Mohammad Fatkhul Mubin, Ignatius Riwanto, Soewadi Soewadi, Hastaning Sakti, Erna Erawati
    RMJ. 2020; 45(4): 915-919
    » Abstract » PDF

  45. Association of socio-demographic factors, economic level, work-family conflict and marital relations with depression in nurses
    Gul Mehar Javaid Bukhari, Shaista Habibullah, Javeria Saleem Malik
    RMJ. 2020; 45(4): 920-924
    » Abstract » PDF

  46. Utilization patterns of primary healthcare services at tertiary care hospital in Riyadh, Suadi Arabia
    Sajjan Iqbal Memon, Rabiqa Saleem, Syed Meeran Hasnain, Maleeha Khalil
    RMJ. 2020; 45(4): 925-929
    » Abstract » PDF

  47. Challenges to timely initiation of breast-feeding in rural area of District Sargodha, Pakistan
    Umaira Zaib, Saleem Rana, Muhammad Ibrahim Ansari, Hafiz Azeem Akhtar, Kaleemullah Abro, Muhammad Siddique Ansari
    RMJ. 2020; 45(4): 930-933
    » Abstract » PDF

  48. Impact of food consumption, social network and recreational activities on health of older people in Punjab, Pakistan
    Amjad Rehman Asghar, Yasir Nawaz, Falak Sher, Anam Afzal
    RMJ. 2020; 45(4): 934-937
    » Abstract » PDF

  49. Prevalence of mental health problems among youth involved in street crimes
    Aman Ullah, Niaz Muhammad
    RMJ. 2020; 45(4): 938-942
    » Abstract » PDF

  50. Road traffic accidents as a risk to the public Health in Gilgit-Baltistan, Pakistan
    Sarfraz Khan, Sana Mehmood, Sundas Ayyub, Rahim Bakhsh
    RMJ. 2020; 45(4): 943-946
    » Abstract » PDF

  51. Anxiety and depression in medical students of Sindh province during the Covid -19 pandemic
    Masroor Ahmed, Rukhsana Hamid, Ghulam Hussain, Muhammad Bux, Naveed Ahmed, Mukesh Kumar
    RMJ. 2020; 45(4): 947-950
    » Abstract » PDF

  52. Gloomy faces behind the white coats: perceived stressors by medical students and suicidal behaviors
    Maqbool Ahmad Khan, Iram Mansoor Niazi, Khadijah Tul Kubra, Sadia Zahid
    RMJ. 2020; 45(4): 951-954
    » Abstract » PDF

  53. Role of quality of life in internalizing psychological problems in medical students
    Sajid Mehmood Alvi, Syeda Ayat-e-Zainab Ali, Daniyal Shabbir Ansari, Bushra Hassan, Nazia Iqbal
    RMJ. 2020; 45(4): 955-958
    » Abstract » PDF

  54. Prevalence of daytime sleepiness and its impact on academic performane amongst the university students
    Vijia Kumar Gemnani, Ali Nawaz Shaikh, Riaz Hussain Mangrio, Muhammad Ikram Tunio, Sajid Ali Abbasi, Ahsanullah Malik
    RMJ. 2020; 45(4): 959-962
    » Abstract » PDF

  55. Relationship between personality traits and anxiety in medical students of CMH Lahore Medical college
    Noshaba Razaq, Muhammad Tayyab Ijaz, Abdur Rehman, Muhammad Asad ullah Awan, Muhammad Ashraf Chaudhry, Haseeb Mukhtar
    RMJ. 2020; 45(4): 963-966
    » Abstract » PDF

  56. Prevalence of musculoskeletal disorders among cricketers in Lahore, Pakistan
    Hafiz Rana M Shahzad Arshad, Qasim idrees, Nazneena Shakir, Laeeq Ahmed, Mehwish Aziz, Muhammad Zeshan
    RMJ. 2020; 45(4): 967-969
    » Abstract » PDF

  57. Effect of Buteyko Breathing Technique and incentive spirometer on breath control pause in Post Cardiac Surgery patients
    Nosheen Afshan, Shahbaz Ahmad, Sana Shahid, Arooj Fatima
    RMJ. 2020; 45(4): 970-973
    » Abstract » PDF

  58. Effectiveness of Bobath and conventional treatment in cerebral palsy children
    Moazma Jamil, Zohaib Shahid, Marriyam Ijaz
    RMJ. 2020; 45(4): 974-976
    » Abstract » PDF

  59. Effectiveness of isometric neck exercises in neutral spine and multiple angle isometrics in patients with non-specific neck pain
    Halima Shoukat, Faiza Sharif, Anam Irfan
    RMJ. 2020; 45(4): 977-980
    » Abstract » PDF

  60. Nerve conduction velocity and magnitude of action potential in motor peripheral nerves of upper and lower limbs in normal subjects
    Husan Bano, Sumera Gul, Umer Kazi
    RMJ. 2020; 45(4): 981-984
    » Abstract » PDF

  61. Red fruit (Pandanus conoideus) inhibits the development of endometriosis lesions through downregulation of NF-kB and VEGF expression
    Hardyan Sauqi, Budi Santoso, Widjiati Widjiati, Hendy Hendarto
    RMJ. 2020; 45(4): 985-989
    » Abstract » PDF

  62. Case Report

  63. Fiberoptic intubation in patient who have had unilateral radical maxillectomy - A case report
    Yei Heum Park, Se Hun Kim, Soo Jee Lee, Jihyun Yang, Hyojoong Kim
    RMJ. 2020; 45(4): 990-993
    » Abstract » PDF

  64. Technical Note

  65. Corrigendum
    Rawal Medical Journal
    RMJ. 2020; 45(4): 994-995
    » Abstract » PDF

  66. Other

  67. Author Index
    Rawal Medical Journal
    RMJ. 2020; 45(4): 996-998
    » Abstract » PDF

  68. Subject Index
    Rawal Medical Journal
    RMJ. 2020; 45(4): 999-1002
    » Abstract » PDF

  69. Acknowledgments
    Rawal Medical Journal
    RMJ. 2020; 45(4): 1003-1003
    » Abstract » PDF

  70. Information for authors
    Rawal Medical Journal
    RMJ. 2020; 45(4): 1004-1004
    » Abstract » PDF




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                     Approved by the Higher Education Commission of Pakistan 


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