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Original Research 
RMJ. 2020; 45(4): 898-901


Coping with the stress of congenital visual impairment

Safia Sultana, Sadia Saleem, Zahid Mahmood.

Abstract
Objective: To explore the different coping strategies used by congenitally visually impaired young adults to cope with the burden of disability.
Methodology: An open-ended interview technique was used to gather item pool from 35 visually impaired individuals (20 men and 15 women) with age range 18 to 26 years (mean=21.292.65). A list of 25 items were further validated by experts and piloted on 10 participants (5 men and 5 women). Lastly, a sample of 426 (62% men and 38% women) visually impaired young adults aged 16 -28 years were tested for psychometric properties of Coping Strategies Scale for Visually Impaired (CSS-VI) along with Depression Anxiety Stress Scale.
Results: Factor Analysis generated three factors of CSS-VI, emotion venting, active problem solving and support seeking strategies. The CSS-VI was found to have good internal consistency, and discriminant validity.
Conclusion: The results suggest that individuals with congenital VI use more positive coping to curtail the stress associated with their dysfunction.

Key words: Congenital visual impairment, coping strategies, scale development.


 
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Pubmed Style

Sultana S, Saleem S, Mahmood Z. Coping with the stress of congenital visual impairment. RMJ. 2020; 45(4): 898-901.


Web Style

Sultana S, Saleem S, Mahmood Z. Coping with the stress of congenital visual impairment. http://www.rmj.org.pk/?mno=96955 [Access: December 18, 2020].


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Sultana S, Saleem S, Mahmood Z. Coping with the stress of congenital visual impairment. RMJ. 2020; 45(4): 898-901.



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Sultana S, Saleem S, Mahmood Z. Coping with the stress of congenital visual impairment. RMJ. (2020), [cited December 18, 2020]; 45(4): 898-901.



Harvard Style

Sultana, S., Saleem, . S. & Mahmood, . Z. (2020) Coping with the stress of congenital visual impairment. RMJ, 45 (4), 898-901.



Turabian Style

Sultana, Safia, Sadia Saleem, and Zahid Mahmood. 2020. Coping with the stress of congenital visual impairment. Rawal Medical Journal, 45 (4), 898-901.



Chicago Style

Sultana, Safia, Sadia Saleem, and Zahid Mahmood. "Coping with the stress of congenital visual impairment." Rawal Medical Journal 45 (2020), 898-901.



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Sultana, Safia, Sadia Saleem, and Zahid Mahmood. "Coping with the stress of congenital visual impairment." Rawal Medical Journal 45.4 (2020), 898-901. Print.



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Sultana, S., Saleem, . S. & Mahmood, . Z. (2020) Coping with the stress of congenital visual impairment. Rawal Medical Journal, 45 (4), 898-901.








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