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Original Research 
RMJ. 2020; 45(4): 879-881


Status and practice of oral hygiene among dental patients at tertiary care hospital of Sialkot, Punjab, Pakistan

Danish javed, Sana Zafar, Hira shafique, Mudassar Iqbal Arain, Khurram Anwar, Saira Shahnaz.

Abstract
Objective: To assess the practices and current status of oral hygiene among patients visiting dental outpatients’ departments of tertiary care setting of Sialkot, Punjab, Pakistan.
Methodology: This descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted at Islam Dental College, Sialkot Punjab from October 2019 to January 2020. Sample size of 430 was calculated by assuming the population and prevalence of oral diseases, at 95% of confidence interval (5% of type 1 error, P < 0.01). A questionnaire of 14-items was devised to collect the required variables.
Results: Out of 430 patients, 58.3% were males, 41.7% females. 19.4% patients were among the age range of 29-38 years, 26.8% patients were in the range of 49-65 years. Data revealed that 23.6% patients were smokers, 39.1% patients were Tea/coffee addicts; whereas, 20.5% were nonsmokers. 56.4% patients brush their teeth once a day, whereas, 11.8% patients were found to be doing it occasionally. The most common purpose of visiting a dentist was dental caries. 8.7% patients visited the Dental OPD for tooth extraction, 17.9% visitors were for the reason of plaque and scaling, 12.2% for filling, 20.1% for follow-up of Root Canal Treatment, 9.1% for toothache, 40.6% were concerned about their oral health. However, 33.1% patients stated they do not find time for their regular visits, while 26.3% patients occasionally do pay visits.
Conclusion: An appropriate cleaning and maintaining oral hygiene is important, which can be achieved by knowledge based programs, advertisements and counseling the individuals.

Key words: Oral hygiene, dental caries, periodontitis.


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

javed D, Zafar S, shafique H, Arain MI, Anwar K, Shahnaz S. Status and practice of oral hygiene among dental patients at tertiary care hospital of Sialkot, Punjab, Pakistan. RMJ. 2020; 45(4): 879-881.


Web Style

javed D, Zafar S, shafique H, Arain MI, Anwar K, Shahnaz S. Status and practice of oral hygiene among dental patients at tertiary care hospital of Sialkot, Punjab, Pakistan. http://www.rmj.org.pk/?mno=96402 [Access: December 18, 2020].


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

javed D, Zafar S, shafique H, Arain MI, Anwar K, Shahnaz S. Status and practice of oral hygiene among dental patients at tertiary care hospital of Sialkot, Punjab, Pakistan. RMJ. 2020; 45(4): 879-881.



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

javed D, Zafar S, shafique H, Arain MI, Anwar K, Shahnaz S. Status and practice of oral hygiene among dental patients at tertiary care hospital of Sialkot, Punjab, Pakistan. RMJ. (2020), [cited December 18, 2020]; 45(4): 879-881.



Harvard Style

javed, D., Zafar, . S., shafique, . H., Arain, . M. I., Anwar, . K. & Shahnaz, . S. (2020) Status and practice of oral hygiene among dental patients at tertiary care hospital of Sialkot, Punjab, Pakistan. RMJ, 45 (4), 879-881.



Turabian Style

javed, Danish, Sana Zafar, Hira shafique, Mudassar Iqbal Arain, Khurram Anwar, and Saira Shahnaz. 2020. Status and practice of oral hygiene among dental patients at tertiary care hospital of Sialkot, Punjab, Pakistan. Rawal Medical Journal, 45 (4), 879-881.



Chicago Style

javed, Danish, Sana Zafar, Hira shafique, Mudassar Iqbal Arain, Khurram Anwar, and Saira Shahnaz. "Status and practice of oral hygiene among dental patients at tertiary care hospital of Sialkot, Punjab, Pakistan." Rawal Medical Journal 45 (2020), 879-881.



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

javed, Danish, Sana Zafar, Hira shafique, Mudassar Iqbal Arain, Khurram Anwar, and Saira Shahnaz. "Status and practice of oral hygiene among dental patients at tertiary care hospital of Sialkot, Punjab, Pakistan." Rawal Medical Journal 45.4 (2020), 879-881. Print.



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

javed, D., Zafar, . S., shafique, . H., Arain, . M. I., Anwar, . K. & Shahnaz, . S. (2020) Status and practice of oral hygiene among dental patients at tertiary care hospital of Sialkot, Punjab, Pakistan. Rawal Medical Journal, 45 (4), 879-881.








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