Open Access and Peer-reviewed
Home Journal Issues Guide for Authors Editorial Board Aims & Scope About Journal News & Announcements


Review Article 


Tetrology of Fallot and Pregnancy

Iftikhar Ahmed.

Abstract
Although, there has been a drastic decline in the incidence of rheumatic heart disease among women of child bearing age over the last three decades, more women with congenital heart disease (CHD) are living to reproductive age because of improved surgical techniques. In the last 30 years there has been a decline in overall maternal and fetal mortality and morbidity from cardiac disease; however, heart disease remains the leading cause of indirect maternal mortality.1,2,3

Maternal heart disease complicates 0.2 to 3 % of pregnancies, and congenital heart lesions now constitute at least half of all these cases.4 The classical and most commonly encountered (10% of all CHD) congenital cardiac lesion in pregnancy is the terology of Fallot (TOF). A maternal mortality report from UK had 35 death associated with cardiac disease, 29% were due to congenital heart disease, 15 % due to IHD and the remainder due to other acquired cardiac conditions.5

Key words: Tetrology of Fallot, pregnancy, congenital heart disease


 
ARTICLE TOOLS
Abstract
PDF Fulltext
Print this article Print this Article
How to cite this articleHow to cite this article
Citation Tools
Related Records
 Articles by Iftikhar Ahmed
on Google
on Google Scholar
Article Statistics
 Viewed: 3660
Downloaded: 629
Cited: 0


How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Iftikhar Ahmed. Tetrology of Fallot and Pregnancy . RMJ. 2004; 29(2): 76-79.


Web Style

Iftikhar Ahmed. Tetrology of Fallot and Pregnancy . http://www.rmj.org.pk/?mno=8918 [Access: February 16, 2019].


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Iftikhar Ahmed. Tetrology of Fallot and Pregnancy . RMJ. 2004; 29(2): 76-79.



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Iftikhar Ahmed. Tetrology of Fallot and Pregnancy . RMJ. (2004), [cited February 16, 2019]; 29(2): 76-79.



Harvard Style

Iftikhar Ahmed (2004) Tetrology of Fallot and Pregnancy . RMJ, 29 (2), 76-79.



Turabian Style

Iftikhar Ahmed. 2004. Tetrology of Fallot and Pregnancy . Rawal Medical Journal, 29 (2), 76-79.



Chicago Style

Iftikhar Ahmed. "Tetrology of Fallot and Pregnancy ." Rawal Medical Journal 29 (2004), 76-79.



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Iftikhar Ahmed. "Tetrology of Fallot and Pregnancy ." Rawal Medical Journal 29.2 (2004), 76-79. Print.



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Iftikhar Ahmed (2004) Tetrology of Fallot and Pregnancy . Rawal Medical Journal, 29 (2), 76-79.








AUTHOR LOGIN

REVIEWER LOGIN

Indexed
&
Abstracted


Indexed in WHO Index Medicus IMEMR, Emromedex, Pakmedinet, ExtraMED and Scopus

  Approved by the Higher Education Commission of Pakistan and Pakistan Medical and Dental Council


ABOUT JOURNAL
POLICIES
STATEMENTS

This is an open access journal which means that all content is freely available without charge to the user or his/her institution. Users are allowed to read, download, copy, distribute, print, search, or link to the full texts of the articles in this journal without asking prior permission from the publisher or the author. This is in accordance with the Budapest Open Access Initiative (BOAI) definition of open access.

The articles in Rawal Medical Journal are open access articles licensed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0/) which permits unrestricted, non-commercial use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the work is properly cited.