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Original Research 
RMJ. 2020; 45(2): 377-381


Prevalence of musculoskeletal disorders, associated risk factors and coping strategies among secondary school teachers in Fiji

Ranisha Kiran Chand, Mudassar Ali Roomi, Shofeen Begum, Ansa Mudassar.

Abstract
Objective: We aimed to determine prevalence of musculoskeletal pain (MSP), associated risk factors, and pain-coping strategies among secondary school teachers (SSTs) in Suva, Fiji.
Methodology: We recruited 262 SSTs of both genders, with at least one year teaching experience, from 14 secondary schools by convenience sampling. Data related to presence of MSP, pain increasing and decreasing factors were collected.
Results: MSP prevalence at any site during last 12 months was 88.9%. Neck pain (48.5%) was the most common, followed by shoulder pain (46.6%) and then lower-back pain (45.4%). Female gender (p=0.000) and a higher children number (p=0.005) were associated with MSP. Prologned standing (p=0.000) and sitting (p=0.025), bending (p=0.045) and carrying weight (p=0.005) were significant pain increasing factors. Taking rest and lying down (p=0.000), heat/cold therapy (p=0.049), massage (p=0.001) and taking sick-leaves (p=0.001) were significant pain decreasing factors.
Conclusion: We found a high MSP prevalence especially in neck, shoulder and lower-back. MSP risk was higher in females and in those with higher children number. Prologned standing and sitting, bending and carrying weight were pain increasing factors while taking rest, thermal therapy, massage and taking sick-leaves were pain decreasing factors. There is acute need for raising awareness of risk factors, coping strategies and consequences of musculoskeletal disorders among SSTs in Fiji.

Key words: Musculoskeletal pain, work-related musculoskeletal disorders, neck pain, shoulder pain, back pain, occupational health.


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Chand RK, Roomi MA, Begum S, Mudassar A. Prevalence of musculoskeletal disorders, associated risk factors and coping strategies among secondary school teachers in Fiji. RMJ. 2020; 45(2): 377-381.


Web Style

Chand RK, Roomi MA, Begum S, Mudassar A. Prevalence of musculoskeletal disorders, associated risk factors and coping strategies among secondary school teachers in Fiji. http://www.rmj.org.pk/?mno=88934 [Access: May 10, 2020].


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Chand RK, Roomi MA, Begum S, Mudassar A. Prevalence of musculoskeletal disorders, associated risk factors and coping strategies among secondary school teachers in Fiji. RMJ. 2020; 45(2): 377-381.



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Chand RK, Roomi MA, Begum S, Mudassar A. Prevalence of musculoskeletal disorders, associated risk factors and coping strategies among secondary school teachers in Fiji. RMJ. (2020), [cited May 10, 2020]; 45(2): 377-381.



Harvard Style

Chand, R. K., Roomi, . M. A., Begum, . S. & Mudassar, . A. (2020) Prevalence of musculoskeletal disorders, associated risk factors and coping strategies among secondary school teachers in Fiji. RMJ, 45 (2), 377-381.



Turabian Style

Chand, Ranisha Kiran, Mudassar Ali Roomi, Shofeen Begum, and Ansa Mudassar. 2020. Prevalence of musculoskeletal disorders, associated risk factors and coping strategies among secondary school teachers in Fiji. Rawal Medical Journal, 45 (2), 377-381.



Chicago Style

Chand, Ranisha Kiran, Mudassar Ali Roomi, Shofeen Begum, and Ansa Mudassar. "Prevalence of musculoskeletal disorders, associated risk factors and coping strategies among secondary school teachers in Fiji." Rawal Medical Journal 45 (2020), 377-381.



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Chand, Ranisha Kiran, Mudassar Ali Roomi, Shofeen Begum, and Ansa Mudassar. "Prevalence of musculoskeletal disorders, associated risk factors and coping strategies among secondary school teachers in Fiji." Rawal Medical Journal 45.2 (2020), 377-381. Print.



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Chand, R. K., Roomi, . M. A., Begum, . S. & Mudassar, . A. (2020) Prevalence of musculoskeletal disorders, associated risk factors and coping strategies among secondary school teachers in Fiji. Rawal Medical Journal, 45 (2), 377-381.








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