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Original Research 
RMJ. 2020; 45(3): 545-548


Prevalence of vitamin D deficiency in HIV/AIDS patients

Sabeen Aftab, Nauman Ismat Butt, Fahmina Ashfaq, Tashia Malik, Rabia Arshad, Aniqa Anser.

Abstract
Objective: To find prevalence of Vitamin D deficiency in HIV/AIDS patients presenting to Jinnah Hospital Lahore.
Methodology: This observational cross-sectional study was conducted in Department of Medicine, Jinnah Hospital Lahore for duration of 6 months from November 1, 2016 to April 30, 2017. After taking informed consent, 171 patients aged 20 to 60 years, of both genders, diagnosed as HIV/AIDS for more than 6 months were included in the study. Basic demographic information was recorded, after which 5 ml of blood sample taken and vitamin D levels performed. Data were analyzed using SPSS 20. Vitamin D level was stratified using Chi-Square Test.
Results: Out of 171 patients, 78.9% were male and 21.1% were female. Mean age was 30.7+9.2 years. Mean duration of disease was 14.5+8.6 months. Patients belonging to low socioeconomic status constituted 53.8%, middle socioeconomic status 28.1% and 18.1% came from high socioeconomic status. Mean Vitamin D level was 38.6+12.4 nmol/l. Vitamin D deficiency was present in 76.0% while severe Vitamin D deficiency was seen in 9.4%. Age, gender, socioeconomic status and duration of disease were associated significantly with Vitamin D deficiency.
Conclusion: Vitamin D deficiency was highly prevalent in patients with HIV/AIDS in our population. We recommend that HIV/AIDS patients should be given Vitamin D supplements in conjunction with antiviral therapy to improve their over-all health and quality of life.

Key words: HIV, AIDS, Vitamin D Deficiency.


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Aftab S, Butt NI, Ashfaq F, Malik T, Arshad R, Anser A. Prevalence of vitamin D deficiency in HIV/AIDS patients. RMJ. 2020; 45(3): 545-548.


Web Style

Aftab S, Butt NI, Ashfaq F, Malik T, Arshad R, Anser A. Prevalence of vitamin D deficiency in HIV/AIDS patients. http://www.rmj.org.pk/?mno=87187 [Access: September 02, 2020].


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Aftab S, Butt NI, Ashfaq F, Malik T, Arshad R, Anser A. Prevalence of vitamin D deficiency in HIV/AIDS patients. RMJ. 2020; 45(3): 545-548.



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Aftab S, Butt NI, Ashfaq F, Malik T, Arshad R, Anser A. Prevalence of vitamin D deficiency in HIV/AIDS patients. RMJ. (2020), [cited September 02, 2020]; 45(3): 545-548.



Harvard Style

Aftab, S., Butt, . N. I., Ashfaq, . F., Malik, . T., Arshad, . R. & Anser, . A. (2020) Prevalence of vitamin D deficiency in HIV/AIDS patients. RMJ, 45 (3), 545-548.



Turabian Style

Aftab, Sabeen, Nauman Ismat Butt, Fahmina Ashfaq, Tashia Malik, Rabia Arshad, and Aniqa Anser. 2020. Prevalence of vitamin D deficiency in HIV/AIDS patients. Rawal Medical Journal, 45 (3), 545-548.



Chicago Style

Aftab, Sabeen, Nauman Ismat Butt, Fahmina Ashfaq, Tashia Malik, Rabia Arshad, and Aniqa Anser. "Prevalence of vitamin D deficiency in HIV/AIDS patients." Rawal Medical Journal 45 (2020), 545-548.



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Aftab, Sabeen, Nauman Ismat Butt, Fahmina Ashfaq, Tashia Malik, Rabia Arshad, and Aniqa Anser. "Prevalence of vitamin D deficiency in HIV/AIDS patients." Rawal Medical Journal 45.3 (2020), 545-548. Print.



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Aftab, S., Butt, . N. I., Ashfaq, . F., Malik, . T., Arshad, . R. & Anser, . A. (2020) Prevalence of vitamin D deficiency in HIV/AIDS patients. Rawal Medical Journal, 45 (3), 545-548.








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