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Original Research 
RMJ. 2020; 45(3): 577-581


Association of working alliance with attachment styles in clinical supervisory relationship

Shakir Iqbal, Muhammad Tahir Khalily, Irshad Ahmad.

Abstract
Objective: This study aimed to explore the role of attachment anxiety and avoidance of supervisory dyad and their perception about attachment styles of others on supervisory working alliance.
Methodology: Data was collected from a total of 175 participants belonging to different universities of Pakistan which includes 134 supervisees and 41 supervisors of clinical psychology program. Experiences in Close Relationships: Relationship Structures Questionnaire (ECR-RS) and Supervisory Working Alliance Inventory (SWAI) were used to measure attachment and working alliance respectively.
Results: There was a significant association of working alliance with attachment anxiety and avoidance (p<0.01). Perceived attachment anxiety and avoidance were related to working alliance for supervisee (p<0.01) and not for supervisors. Attachment anxiety, attachment avoidance, perceived attachment anxiety and perceived attachment avoidance scores were significantly higher for supervisors than supervisee (p<0.001). Rapport, client focus and SWAI scores were significantly higher for supervisors as compared to supervisee (p<0.001).
Conclusion: These results emphasize that reflection and understanding about the attachment styles should be incorporated in a supervisory training.

Key words: Working alliance, clinical supervision, attachment, professionalism, supervisory working alliance, attachment styles.


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Iqbal S, Khalily MT, Ahmad I. Association of working alliance with attachment styles in clinical supervisory relationship. RMJ. 2020; 45(3): 577-581.


Web Style

Iqbal S, Khalily MT, Ahmad I. Association of working alliance with attachment styles in clinical supervisory relationship. http://www.rmj.org.pk/?mno=77668 [Access: September 02, 2020].


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Iqbal S, Khalily MT, Ahmad I. Association of working alliance with attachment styles in clinical supervisory relationship. RMJ. 2020; 45(3): 577-581.



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Iqbal S, Khalily MT, Ahmad I. Association of working alliance with attachment styles in clinical supervisory relationship. RMJ. (2020), [cited September 02, 2020]; 45(3): 577-581.



Harvard Style

Iqbal, S., Khalily, . M. T. & Ahmad, . I. (2020) Association of working alliance with attachment styles in clinical supervisory relationship. RMJ, 45 (3), 577-581.



Turabian Style

Iqbal, Shakir, Muhammad Tahir Khalily, and Irshad Ahmad. 2020. Association of working alliance with attachment styles in clinical supervisory relationship. Rawal Medical Journal, 45 (3), 577-581.



Chicago Style

Iqbal, Shakir, Muhammad Tahir Khalily, and Irshad Ahmad. "Association of working alliance with attachment styles in clinical supervisory relationship." Rawal Medical Journal 45 (2020), 577-581.



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Iqbal, Shakir, Muhammad Tahir Khalily, and Irshad Ahmad. "Association of working alliance with attachment styles in clinical supervisory relationship." Rawal Medical Journal 45.3 (2020), 577-581. Print.



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Iqbal, S., Khalily, . M. T. & Ahmad, . I. (2020) Association of working alliance with attachment styles in clinical supervisory relationship. Rawal Medical Journal, 45 (3), 577-581.








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