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Original Research 
RMJ. 2020; 45(2): 470-473


Practices and barriers regarding Infant and Young Child Feeding among mothers, of age 0-23 months, in a tertiary care hospital in Islamabad, Pakistan

Nadia Junaiid, Saima Hamid, Sundas Ali, Shemaila Saleem, Fouzia Hanif, Ayesha Haider.

Abstract
Objectives: To assess the knowledge, attitude and practices about Infant and Young Child Feeding (IYCF) among mothers with children 0-23 months of age.
Methodology: This mix cross-sectional analytical study was conducted in Pakistan Institute of Medical Sciences from April 1, to June 30, 2016 and included 400 mothers selected for interview using non probability convenience sampling technique. Pre-tested structured questionnaire was used for data collection and analysis was done using SPSS version 21.
Results: Only 56% mothers had sufficient knowledge regarding IYCF whereas attitude and practices were found in 72% and 36%, respectively. Mothers did not continue breast feeding due to busy routine, lack of public feeding corners and lack of knowledge about breast feeding techniques. Statistically significant association was found between knowledge of mothers regarding IYCF and mother’s age, education, occupation, monthly house hold income and parity (p<0.001). Focus group discussion results revealed the first feed introduced to baby was “Ghutti”, (honey, dates). Mothers did not exclusively breast feed their child due to influences and advice regarding top feed they received from in-laws. Feed introduced to infants other than breast feed were reported as water, juice, goat’s milk, and green tea.
Conclusion: It is suggested that Health education programs should be framed to bring behaviour change regarding IYCF.

Key words: IYCF, Knowledge, Attitude, Practices, Barriers, Factors, Islamabad.


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Junaiid N, Hamid S, Ali S, Saleem S, Hanif F, Haider A. Practices and barriers regarding Infant and Young Child Feeding among mothers, of age 0-23 months, in a tertiary care hospital in Islamabad, Pakistan. RMJ. 2020; 45(2): 470-473.


Web Style

Junaiid N, Hamid S, Ali S, Saleem S, Hanif F, Haider A. Practices and barriers regarding Infant and Young Child Feeding among mothers, of age 0-23 months, in a tertiary care hospital in Islamabad, Pakistan. http://www.rmj.org.pk/?mno=69653 [Access: May 10, 2020].


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Junaiid N, Hamid S, Ali S, Saleem S, Hanif F, Haider A. Practices and barriers regarding Infant and Young Child Feeding among mothers, of age 0-23 months, in a tertiary care hospital in Islamabad, Pakistan. RMJ. 2020; 45(2): 470-473.



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Junaiid N, Hamid S, Ali S, Saleem S, Hanif F, Haider A. Practices and barriers regarding Infant and Young Child Feeding among mothers, of age 0-23 months, in a tertiary care hospital in Islamabad, Pakistan. RMJ. (2020), [cited May 10, 2020]; 45(2): 470-473.



Harvard Style

Junaiid, N., Hamid, . S., Ali, . S., Saleem, . S., Hanif, . F. & Haider, . A. (2020) Practices and barriers regarding Infant and Young Child Feeding among mothers, of age 0-23 months, in a tertiary care hospital in Islamabad, Pakistan. RMJ, 45 (2), 470-473.



Turabian Style

Junaiid, Nadia, Saima Hamid, Sundas Ali, Shemaila Saleem, Fouzia Hanif, and Ayesha Haider. 2020. Practices and barriers regarding Infant and Young Child Feeding among mothers, of age 0-23 months, in a tertiary care hospital in Islamabad, Pakistan. Rawal Medical Journal, 45 (2), 470-473.



Chicago Style

Junaiid, Nadia, Saima Hamid, Sundas Ali, Shemaila Saleem, Fouzia Hanif, and Ayesha Haider. "Practices and barriers regarding Infant and Young Child Feeding among mothers, of age 0-23 months, in a tertiary care hospital in Islamabad, Pakistan." Rawal Medical Journal 45 (2020), 470-473.



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Junaiid, Nadia, Saima Hamid, Sundas Ali, Shemaila Saleem, Fouzia Hanif, and Ayesha Haider. "Practices and barriers regarding Infant and Young Child Feeding among mothers, of age 0-23 months, in a tertiary care hospital in Islamabad, Pakistan." Rawal Medical Journal 45.2 (2020), 470-473. Print.



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Junaiid, N., Hamid, . S., Ali, . S., Saleem, . S., Hanif, . F. & Haider, . A. (2020) Practices and barriers regarding Infant and Young Child Feeding among mothers, of age 0-23 months, in a tertiary care hospital in Islamabad, Pakistan. Rawal Medical Journal, 45 (2), 470-473.








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