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Original Research 
RMJ. 2020; 45(1): 196-200


Women’s contribution in provision of household food security: A study from rural areas of Punjab, Pakistan

Madiha Naz, Izhar Ahmad Khan, Ashfaq Ahmad Mann, Babar Shahbaz.

Abstract
Objective: To examine the women’s role and contribution in provision of household food security in rural Punjab.
Methodology: This cross-sectional study collected data from 420 rural households from three districts of Punjab through a simple random sampling technique. The data were analyzed through SPSS and logistic regression analysis was employed for bivariate analysis.
Results: We found that 49% of households were suffering from household food insecurity. Women performed a substantial role in food production such as participation in farming, labor force, and income-generating activities. Three fourth (75.7%) women participated in processing, preparing and allocating food for household members. The multivariate logistic analysis found a significant association of women's education, economic status, knowledge, and awareness about nutritious food, decision-making power, and economic autonomy with household food security. Whereas women’s age and household size were negatively associated with household food security.
Conclusion: Rural women play a decisive role in the availability, accessibility, and utilization of food for ensuring sustainable household food security. The study suggests empowering women through capacity building, income-generating opportunities, and vocational skills to overcome the household food insecurity in rural areas of Punjab.

Key words: Household food security, rural women, labor force, rural Punjab.


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Naz M, Khan IA, Mann AA, Shahbaz B. Women’s contribution in provision of household food security: A study from rural areas of Punjab, Pakistan. RMJ. 2020; 45(1): 196-200.


Web Style

Naz M, Khan IA, Mann AA, Shahbaz B. Women’s contribution in provision of household food security: A study from rural areas of Punjab, Pakistan. http://www.rmj.org.pk/?mno=68668 [Access: March 30, 2020].


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Naz M, Khan IA, Mann AA, Shahbaz B. Women’s contribution in provision of household food security: A study from rural areas of Punjab, Pakistan. RMJ. 2020; 45(1): 196-200.



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Naz M, Khan IA, Mann AA, Shahbaz B. Women’s contribution in provision of household food security: A study from rural areas of Punjab, Pakistan. RMJ. (2020), [cited March 30, 2020]; 45(1): 196-200.



Harvard Style

Naz, M., Khan, . I. A., Mann, . A. A. & Shahbaz, . B. (2020) Women’s contribution in provision of household food security: A study from rural areas of Punjab, Pakistan. RMJ, 45 (1), 196-200.



Turabian Style

Naz, Madiha, Izhar Ahmad Khan, Ashfaq Ahmad Mann, and Babar Shahbaz. 2020. Women’s contribution in provision of household food security: A study from rural areas of Punjab, Pakistan. Rawal Medical Journal, 45 (1), 196-200.



Chicago Style

Naz, Madiha, Izhar Ahmad Khan, Ashfaq Ahmad Mann, and Babar Shahbaz. "Women’s contribution in provision of household food security: A study from rural areas of Punjab, Pakistan." Rawal Medical Journal 45 (2020), 196-200.



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Naz, Madiha, Izhar Ahmad Khan, Ashfaq Ahmad Mann, and Babar Shahbaz. "Women’s contribution in provision of household food security: A study from rural areas of Punjab, Pakistan." Rawal Medical Journal 45.1 (2020), 196-200. Print.



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Naz, M., Khan, . I. A., Mann, . A. A. & Shahbaz, . B. (2020) Women’s contribution in provision of household food security: A study from rural areas of Punjab, Pakistan. Rawal Medical Journal, 45 (1), 196-200.








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