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Original Research 
RMJ. 2020; 45(2): 483-487


Comparison of strength of shoulder flexors measured through manual muscle testing and hand-held dynamometry in young healthy females

Saadia Perwaiz, Muhammad Waqar Afzal, Ashfaq Ahmad, Ghulam Fatima, Syed Amir Gilani.

Abstract
Objective: To compare the strength of shoulder flexors of both extremities measured through manual muscle testing and hand held dynamometer in different age groups of young healthy females.
Methodology: In this cross-sectional study, 300 young healthy females in the age group of 18-39 years were recruited by non-probability convenient sampling technique. The muscle strength of the shoulder flexors of both upper extremities was measured by hand-held dynamometer and manual muscle testing. The strength was analyzed according to the variation of strength across grade 4 and 5 in different age groups by comparing means.
Results: In dominant side the muscle strength of 194 participants was in grade 4 with quantitative mean to be 9.32.1kgs, (range 4.08-16.10kgs); 106 participants had normal muscle strength with quantitative mean to be 10.24 3.05kgs (range 5.22-21.9kgs). In non-dominant side, 206 participants were graded in grade 4, the quantitative mean of strength was 9.1 2.08 kilograms (range 3.85-14.29kgs); 94 participants were graded in grade 5 with quantitative mean to be 9.82.7kgs (range 5.33-18.74kgs).
Conclusion: In young adult females, wide range of strength was seen in grade 4 and 5 with an overlap in strength measured quantitatively through hand-held dynamometer. Dominant side was stronger than non-dominant. In normal population weaker shoulder flexors were found.

Key words: Muscle strength, Muscle strength dynamometer, Manual Muscle testing.


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Perwaiz S, Afzal MW, Ahmad A, Fatima G, Gilani SA. Comparison of strength of shoulder flexors measured through manual muscle testing and hand-held dynamometry in young healthy females. RMJ. 2020; 45(2): 483-487.


Web Style

Perwaiz S, Afzal MW, Ahmad A, Fatima G, Gilani SA. Comparison of strength of shoulder flexors measured through manual muscle testing and hand-held dynamometry in young healthy females. http://www.rmj.org.pk/?mno=67249 [Access: May 09, 2020].


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Perwaiz S, Afzal MW, Ahmad A, Fatima G, Gilani SA. Comparison of strength of shoulder flexors measured through manual muscle testing and hand-held dynamometry in young healthy females. RMJ. 2020; 45(2): 483-487.



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Perwaiz S, Afzal MW, Ahmad A, Fatima G, Gilani SA. Comparison of strength of shoulder flexors measured through manual muscle testing and hand-held dynamometry in young healthy females. RMJ. (2020), [cited May 09, 2020]; 45(2): 483-487.



Harvard Style

Perwaiz, S., Afzal, . M. W., Ahmad, . A., Fatima, . G. & Gilani, . S. A. (2020) Comparison of strength of shoulder flexors measured through manual muscle testing and hand-held dynamometry in young healthy females. RMJ, 45 (2), 483-487.



Turabian Style

Perwaiz, Saadia, Muhammad Waqar Afzal, Ashfaq Ahmad, Ghulam Fatima, and Syed Amir Gilani. 2020. Comparison of strength of shoulder flexors measured through manual muscle testing and hand-held dynamometry in young healthy females. Rawal Medical Journal, 45 (2), 483-487.



Chicago Style

Perwaiz, Saadia, Muhammad Waqar Afzal, Ashfaq Ahmad, Ghulam Fatima, and Syed Amir Gilani. "Comparison of strength of shoulder flexors measured through manual muscle testing and hand-held dynamometry in young healthy females." Rawal Medical Journal 45 (2020), 483-487.



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Perwaiz, Saadia, Muhammad Waqar Afzal, Ashfaq Ahmad, Ghulam Fatima, and Syed Amir Gilani. "Comparison of strength of shoulder flexors measured through manual muscle testing and hand-held dynamometry in young healthy females." Rawal Medical Journal 45.2 (2020), 483-487. Print.



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Perwaiz, S., Afzal, . M. W., Ahmad, . A., Fatima, . G. & Gilani, . S. A. (2020) Comparison of strength of shoulder flexors measured through manual muscle testing and hand-held dynamometry in young healthy females. Rawal Medical Journal, 45 (2), 483-487.








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