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Original Research 
RMJ. 2020; 45(2): 451-455


Influence of women’s reproductive autonomy on sex biased coercive miscarriage in gynecological rural establishments of South Punjab, Pakistan

Tehmina Sattar, Saeed Ahmad, Umera Saleem, Fauzia Maqsood.

Abstract
Objective: To determine the influence of women’s reproductive autonomy over sex biased coercive miscarriages in gynecological rural establishments of South Punjab, Pakistan.
Methodology: This cross sectional study was conducted in Basic Health Units (BHUs), private clinics, Lady Health Visitors’ (LHVs) consultant centers and non-registered/illegal native gynecological and obstetric establishments of South Punjab, from April 18, 2016 to July, 11, 2018. Ever married pregnant women (N=71), utilizing these private, non-registered and illegal gynecological centers for the abortion of their female fetus were included in the study, using convenient sampling technique.
Results: The age group of 25-34 years’ experienced 41.712 times more gender biased coercive miscarriages. Moreover, joint family system (N=55, 77.5%) and being non-occupational (N=44, 62.0%) became influential factors (i.e. 22.674 and 10.449 times) towards sex biased coercive miscarriages. Mothers were considered to be weak and devalued with the birth of daughters (N=69, 97.2%). A significant majority of respondents (N=57, 80.3%) agreed that they experienced sex biased coercive miscarriages due to lack of their autonomous power related to their reproductive behavior.
Conclusion: Women aged 25-34 years, having rural residence, joint family system, non-occupational and low family income were more inclined towards sex biased coercive miscarriages. In addition, husband and in-laws were more influential in determining son preferences among pregnant women. Furthermore, lack of women’s autonomy over their reproductive behavior resulted in sex biased coercive miscarriages.

Key words: Reproductive, Autonomy, Sex biased, Coercive, Miscarriages, Rural, Establishments.


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Sattar T, Ahmad S, Saleem U, Maqsood F. Influence of women’s reproductive autonomy on sex biased coercive miscarriage in gynecological rural establishments of South Punjab, Pakistan. RMJ. 2020; 45(2): 451-455.


Web Style

Sattar T, Ahmad S, Saleem U, Maqsood F. Influence of women’s reproductive autonomy on sex biased coercive miscarriage in gynecological rural establishments of South Punjab, Pakistan. http://www.rmj.org.pk/?mno=64304 [Access: May 10, 2020].


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Sattar T, Ahmad S, Saleem U, Maqsood F. Influence of women’s reproductive autonomy on sex biased coercive miscarriage in gynecological rural establishments of South Punjab, Pakistan. RMJ. 2020; 45(2): 451-455.



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Sattar T, Ahmad S, Saleem U, Maqsood F. Influence of women’s reproductive autonomy on sex biased coercive miscarriage in gynecological rural establishments of South Punjab, Pakistan. RMJ. (2020), [cited May 10, 2020]; 45(2): 451-455.



Harvard Style

Sattar, T., Ahmad, . S., Saleem, . U. & Maqsood, . F. (2020) Influence of women’s reproductive autonomy on sex biased coercive miscarriage in gynecological rural establishments of South Punjab, Pakistan. RMJ, 45 (2), 451-455.



Turabian Style

Sattar, Tehmina, Saeed Ahmad, Umera Saleem, and Fauzia Maqsood. 2020. Influence of women’s reproductive autonomy on sex biased coercive miscarriage in gynecological rural establishments of South Punjab, Pakistan. Rawal Medical Journal, 45 (2), 451-455.



Chicago Style

Sattar, Tehmina, Saeed Ahmad, Umera Saleem, and Fauzia Maqsood. "Influence of women’s reproductive autonomy on sex biased coercive miscarriage in gynecological rural establishments of South Punjab, Pakistan." Rawal Medical Journal 45 (2020), 451-455.



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Sattar, Tehmina, Saeed Ahmad, Umera Saleem, and Fauzia Maqsood. "Influence of women’s reproductive autonomy on sex biased coercive miscarriage in gynecological rural establishments of South Punjab, Pakistan." Rawal Medical Journal 45.2 (2020), 451-455. Print.



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Sattar, T., Ahmad, . S., Saleem, . U. & Maqsood, . F. (2020) Influence of women’s reproductive autonomy on sex biased coercive miscarriage in gynecological rural establishments of South Punjab, Pakistan. Rawal Medical Journal, 45 (2), 451-455.








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