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Original Research 
RMJ. 2020; 45(2): 272-277


Assessment of various types of poisoning cases seen in District Hospital, Badin, Sindh, Pakistan

Fayaz Hussain Khoso, Fouzia Panhwar, Mudassar Iqbal Arain, Abdullah Dayo, Muhammad Ali Ghoto.

Abstract
Objective: To evaluate the different types of poisoned patients, their clinical features and the outcome.
Methodology: This observational cross-sectional study was performed at the ICU of University of Sindh Hospital, Badin from January 2018 to January 2019. During the study period, 317 poisoned patients were seen. Purposive sampling technique was used. A well-designed questionnaire was utilized for the collection of data.
Results: Out of 317 patients, 187(59.0%) were male and 130(41.0%) female. Most (n=205; 64.7%) were young with age <40 years. Mode of poisoning was intentional in 282(89.0%), poisoning place was home in 266(83.0%) patients with the oral route of poisoning in 265 (88.3%). 236 (74.4%) poisoned patients took more than one-hour to reach hospital and first aid was given to only 114(35.0%) patients. Organophosphate was the most common type of poison seen in172(54.3%) patients, followed by kerosene oil in 69(21.7%), drugs in 40(12.6%), and acid in 24(7.6%) patients. Poisoning was severe in 51(16.1%), moderate in 106(33.4%), and mild in 160(50.5%). Complication was present in 109(34.4%), resulting in mortality of 65(20.5%) patients.
Conclusion: Organophosphorus was the most common type of substance used for poisoning followed by kerosene oil, acid and drugs. Rate of poisoning was high in young adults of rural areas with low income.

Key words: Poisoning, medical, social, world.


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Khoso FH, Panhwar F, Arain MI, Dayo A, Ghoto MA. Assessment of various types of poisoning cases seen in District Hospital, Badin, Sindh, Pakistan. RMJ. 2020; 45(2): 272-277.


Web Style

Khoso FH, Panhwar F, Arain MI, Dayo A, Ghoto MA. Assessment of various types of poisoning cases seen in District Hospital, Badin, Sindh, Pakistan. http://www.rmj.org.pk/?mno=62293 [Access: May 10, 2020].


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Khoso FH, Panhwar F, Arain MI, Dayo A, Ghoto MA. Assessment of various types of poisoning cases seen in District Hospital, Badin, Sindh, Pakistan. RMJ. 2020; 45(2): 272-277.



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Khoso FH, Panhwar F, Arain MI, Dayo A, Ghoto MA. Assessment of various types of poisoning cases seen in District Hospital, Badin, Sindh, Pakistan. RMJ. (2020), [cited May 10, 2020]; 45(2): 272-277.



Harvard Style

Khoso, F. H., Panhwar, . F., Arain, . M. I., Dayo, . A. & Ghoto, . M. A. (2020) Assessment of various types of poisoning cases seen in District Hospital, Badin, Sindh, Pakistan. RMJ, 45 (2), 272-277.



Turabian Style

Khoso, Fayaz Hussain, Fouzia Panhwar, Mudassar Iqbal Arain, Abdullah Dayo, and Muhammad Ali Ghoto. 2020. Assessment of various types of poisoning cases seen in District Hospital, Badin, Sindh, Pakistan. Rawal Medical Journal, 45 (2), 272-277.



Chicago Style

Khoso, Fayaz Hussain, Fouzia Panhwar, Mudassar Iqbal Arain, Abdullah Dayo, and Muhammad Ali Ghoto. "Assessment of various types of poisoning cases seen in District Hospital, Badin, Sindh, Pakistan." Rawal Medical Journal 45 (2020), 272-277.



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Khoso, Fayaz Hussain, Fouzia Panhwar, Mudassar Iqbal Arain, Abdullah Dayo, and Muhammad Ali Ghoto. "Assessment of various types of poisoning cases seen in District Hospital, Badin, Sindh, Pakistan." Rawal Medical Journal 45.2 (2020), 272-277. Print.



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Khoso, F. H., Panhwar, . F., Arain, . M. I., Dayo, . A. & Ghoto, . M. A. (2020) Assessment of various types of poisoning cases seen in District Hospital, Badin, Sindh, Pakistan. Rawal Medical Journal, 45 (2), 272-277.








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