Open Access and Peer-reviewed
Home Journal Issues Guide for Authors Editorial Board Aims & Scope About Journal News & Announcements


Original Research 


Association between diabetic neuropathy, fall risks and balance in diabetes type 2 patients

Mayda Asif, Sana Batool.

Abstract
Objective: To determine whether there is an impact of diabetic neuropathy on balance and fall risks in diabetes type 2 patients.
Methodology: It is a cross sectional study that involved diabetes type 2 patients aged between 40 to 60 years with neuropathy, confirmed by Michigan neuropathy screening scoring. Study excluded the patients with ongoing comorbidities and neuropathies of other cause. This study included 196 patients. Data were collected through non probability purposive sampling technique from 3 different hospitals in Lahore (Services Hospital, Jinnah Hospital and Surgimed Hospital). Three measures were used for each parameter of the study, Michigan neuropathy screening instrument for neuropathy, Timed up and Go Test for balance assessment and Fall Efficacy Scale International for fall risk assessment. Data were analyzed by SPSS version 25.
Results: Out of 196 patients, only 16(8%) had no neuropathy and 180(92%) had considerable neuropathy with mean score of 17.8954 on Michigan neuropathy instrument. For TUG test, 148(75.5%) patients were labelled slow and 48(24.5%) as normal. For fall efficacy scale international, 80(41%) patients were completely independent and other 116(59%) were moderate to completely dependent, defining the fear of fall that each patient had.
Conclusion: There is a remarkable association between diabetic neuropathy, risk of falls and balance. The level of significance between neuropathy and balance impairments increased risk falls was high.

Key words: Diabetic neuropathy, balance impairments, fall risk, daily life activities.


 
ARTICLE TOOLS
Abstract
PDF Fulltext
How to cite this articleHow to cite this article
Citation Tools
Related Records
 Articles by Mayda Asif
Articles by Sana Batool
on Google
on Google Scholar
Article Statistics
 Viewed: 888
Downloaded: 1


How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Asif M, Batool S. Association between diabetic neuropathy, fall risks and balance in diabetes type 2 patients. RMJ. 2020; 45(1): 27-30.


Web Style

Asif M, Batool S. Association between diabetic neuropathy, fall risks and balance in diabetes type 2 patients. http://www.rmj.org.pk/?mno=57198 [Access: March 29, 2020].


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Asif M, Batool S. Association between diabetic neuropathy, fall risks and balance in diabetes type 2 patients. RMJ. 2020; 45(1): 27-30.



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Asif M, Batool S. Association between diabetic neuropathy, fall risks and balance in diabetes type 2 patients. RMJ. (2020), [cited March 29, 2020]; 45(1): 27-30.



Harvard Style

Asif, M. & Batool, . S. (2020) Association between diabetic neuropathy, fall risks and balance in diabetes type 2 patients. RMJ, 45 (1), 27-30.



Turabian Style

Asif, Mayda, and Sana Batool. 2020. Association between diabetic neuropathy, fall risks and balance in diabetes type 2 patients. Rawal Medical Journal, 45 (1), 27-30.



Chicago Style

Asif, Mayda, and Sana Batool. "Association between diabetic neuropathy, fall risks and balance in diabetes type 2 patients." Rawal Medical Journal 45 (2020), 27-30.



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Asif, Mayda, and Sana Batool. "Association between diabetic neuropathy, fall risks and balance in diabetes type 2 patients." Rawal Medical Journal 45.1 (2020), 27-30. Print.



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Asif, M. & Batool, . S. (2020) Association between diabetic neuropathy, fall risks and balance in diabetes type 2 patients. Rawal Medical Journal, 45 (1), 27-30.








AUTHOR LOGIN

REVIEWER LOGIN

Indexed
&
Abstracted


Indexed in WHO Index Medicus IMEMR, Emromedex, Pakmedinet, ExtraMED and Scopus, Web of Science

  Approved by the Higher Education Commission of Pakistan and Pakistan Medical and Dental Council


ABOUT JOURNAL
POLICIES
STATEMENTS

This is an open access journal which means that all content is freely available without charge to the user or his/her institution. Users are allowed to read, download, copy, distribute, print, search, or link to the full texts of the articles in this journal without asking prior permission from the publisher or the author. This is in accordance with the Budapest Open Access Initiative (BOAI) definition of open access.

The articles in Rawal Medical Journal are open access articles licensed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0/) which permits unrestricted, non-commercial use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the work is properly cited.