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Coping mechanisms curtailed to stress by the By-birth hermaphrodites

Razia Anjum, Tazvin Ijaz, Muhammad Usman Ghani.

Abstract
Objective: To explore the healthy and unhealthy coping mechanisms utilized by the by-birth hermaphrodites to cope with the stressful conditions.
Methodology: Subjects were selected based on four major domains of spiritual, avoidance, emotional and problem focused coping strategies. A total 14 participants sectioning into two groups of group leader and followers were included. Data were collected by semi structured interviews. Method of interpretative phenomenological analysis was used for data analysis.
Results: Positive and negative Spiritual Coping were main domains of spiritual coping, further sanctioned into eight and four subthemes, respectively. Avoidance coping subdivided into avoidance at personal level and avoidance at behavioral level, seven and six subthemes were elicited from each sub domain. In Emotion focused strategy, themes were broadly subcategorized into positive and negative emotions, three and six subthemes were enlisted, respectively. Six sub themes were emerged in category of Problem focused strategies.
Conclusion: Overall, hermaphrodite community used the avoidance coping mechanisms at large to relieve the stress with following of Spiritual, Emotion and Problem-solving coping mechanisms.

Key words: Hermaphrodites, coping mechanisms, interpretative phenomenological analysis.


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Anjum R, Ijaz T, Ghani MU. Coping mechanisms curtailed to stress by the By-birth hermaphrodites. RMJ. 2020; 45(1): 7-12.


Web Style

Anjum R, Ijaz T, Ghani MU. Coping mechanisms curtailed to stress by the By-birth hermaphrodites. http://www.rmj.org.pk/?mno=57014 [Access: March 28, 2020].


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Anjum R, Ijaz T, Ghani MU. Coping mechanisms curtailed to stress by the By-birth hermaphrodites. RMJ. 2020; 45(1): 7-12.



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Anjum R, Ijaz T, Ghani MU. Coping mechanisms curtailed to stress by the By-birth hermaphrodites. RMJ. (2020), [cited March 28, 2020]; 45(1): 7-12.



Harvard Style

Anjum, R., Ijaz, . T. & Ghani, . M. U. (2020) Coping mechanisms curtailed to stress by the By-birth hermaphrodites. RMJ, 45 (1), 7-12.



Turabian Style

Anjum, Razia, Tazvin Ijaz, and Muhammad Usman Ghani. 2020. Coping mechanisms curtailed to stress by the By-birth hermaphrodites. Rawal Medical Journal, 45 (1), 7-12.



Chicago Style

Anjum, Razia, Tazvin Ijaz, and Muhammad Usman Ghani. "Coping mechanisms curtailed to stress by the By-birth hermaphrodites." Rawal Medical Journal 45 (2020), 7-12.



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Anjum, Razia, Tazvin Ijaz, and Muhammad Usman Ghani. "Coping mechanisms curtailed to stress by the By-birth hermaphrodites." Rawal Medical Journal 45.1 (2020), 7-12. Print.



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Anjum, R., Ijaz, . T. & Ghani, . M. U. (2020) Coping mechanisms curtailed to stress by the By-birth hermaphrodites. Rawal Medical Journal, 45 (1), 7-12.








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