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Original Research 
RMJ. 2020; 45(2): 396-398


Leg cramps among older men and women

Azka Asghar, Ashfaq Ahmad, Syed Amir Gillani.

Abstract
Objective: To compare the occurrence of leg cramps in older men and women.
Methodology: This observational study was conducted at University of Lahore from April 2019 to June 2019 and included 195 men and women of age ≥50 years. A cramp questionnaire was used to assess onset, location, frequency, duration, aggravating and relieving factors. Severity of pain was measured by using visual analogue scale. Data analysis was done by using SPSS version 16.0.
Results: Out of 195 patients, 98 were females and 97 males. There was significant difference between muscle cramps in men and women (p=0.011). We found that 69.4% females and 51.5% males experienced cramps weekly. 40.8% females experienced cramps in calf muscle and 40.8% females and 28.9% males experienced cramps at night that were aggravated by sleep and rest. 32.7% females and 20.6% males used different measures to get relief other than the medicines. The pain associated with cramps was most commonly moderate to severe.
Conclusions: Leg cramps are more common in old age females than the males.

Key words: Muscle cramps, nocturnal leg cramps, pain.


 
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Pubmed Style

Asghar A, Ahmad A, Gillani SA. Leg cramps among older men and women. RMJ. 2020; 45(2): 396-398.


Web Style

Asghar A, Ahmad A, Gillani SA. Leg cramps among older men and women. http://www.rmj.org.pk/?mno=55349 [Access: May 09, 2020].


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Asghar A, Ahmad A, Gillani SA. Leg cramps among older men and women. RMJ. 2020; 45(2): 396-398.



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Asghar A, Ahmad A, Gillani SA. Leg cramps among older men and women. RMJ. (2020), [cited May 09, 2020]; 45(2): 396-398.



Harvard Style

Asghar, A., Ahmad, . A. & Gillani, . S. A. (2020) Leg cramps among older men and women. RMJ, 45 (2), 396-398.



Turabian Style

Asghar, Azka, Ashfaq Ahmad, and Syed Amir Gillani. 2020. Leg cramps among older men and women. Rawal Medical Journal, 45 (2), 396-398.



Chicago Style

Asghar, Azka, Ashfaq Ahmad, and Syed Amir Gillani. "Leg cramps among older men and women." Rawal Medical Journal 45 (2020), 396-398.



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Asghar, Azka, Ashfaq Ahmad, and Syed Amir Gillani. "Leg cramps among older men and women." Rawal Medical Journal 45.2 (2020), 396-398. Print.



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Asghar, A., Ahmad, . A. & Gillani, . S. A. (2020) Leg cramps among older men and women. Rawal Medical Journal, 45 (2), 396-398.








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