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Original Research 
RMJ. 2019; 44(3): 457-460


Assessment of plasma iron and zinc status and its relationship with dietary intake and body mass index in antenatal women

Sarah Khan, Muhammad Shahzad, Muhammad Jaffar Khan, Babar Shahzad.

Abstract
Objectives: To assess prevalence of iron and zinc deficiency in pregnant women of Peshawar, Pakistan.
Methodology: This cross sectional study was conducted on 88 pregnant women who were in their first trimester of pregnancy who visited Lady Reading Hospital, Peshawar. Socio-demographic and anthropometric data were collected using a standard questionnaire. Nutritional intake was assessed using 24 hours dietary recall method. Plasma iron and zinc were measured using atomic absorption spectrophotometry.
Results: Mean daily energy intake was 1053.5429.4. Average daily intake of energy, proteins, carbohydrates, fats, iron and zinc was significantly lower than recommended daily dietary allowances (RDA). Plasma zinc level was negatively correlated with BMI and positively correlated with protein intake. Plasma iron status did not show any significant correlation with BMI or nutritional intake.
Conclusion: Most of first trimester pregnant women in Peshawar had low energy, macro and micronutrient intake as well as low plasma iron and zinc level.

Key words: Iron status, zinc status, pregnancy, body mass index.


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Khan S, Shahzad M, Khan MJ, Shahzad B. Assessment of plasma iron and zinc status and its relationship with dietary intake and body mass index in antenatal women. RMJ. 2019; 44(3): 457-460.


Web Style

Khan S, Shahzad M, Khan MJ, Shahzad B. Assessment of plasma iron and zinc status and its relationship with dietary intake and body mass index in antenatal women. http://www.rmj.org.pk/?mno=35354 [Access: October 23, 2019].


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Khan S, Shahzad M, Khan MJ, Shahzad B. Assessment of plasma iron and zinc status and its relationship with dietary intake and body mass index in antenatal women. RMJ. 2019; 44(3): 457-460.



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Khan S, Shahzad M, Khan MJ, Shahzad B. Assessment of plasma iron and zinc status and its relationship with dietary intake and body mass index in antenatal women. RMJ. (2019), [cited October 23, 2019]; 44(3): 457-460.



Harvard Style

Khan, S., Shahzad, . M., Khan, . M. J. & Shahzad, . B. (2019) Assessment of plasma iron and zinc status and its relationship with dietary intake and body mass index in antenatal women. RMJ, 44 (3), 457-460.



Turabian Style

Khan, Sarah, Muhammad Shahzad, Muhammad Jaffar Khan, and Babar Shahzad. 2019. Assessment of plasma iron and zinc status and its relationship with dietary intake and body mass index in antenatal women. Rawal Medical Journal, 44 (3), 457-460.



Chicago Style

Khan, Sarah, Muhammad Shahzad, Muhammad Jaffar Khan, and Babar Shahzad. "Assessment of plasma iron and zinc status and its relationship with dietary intake and body mass index in antenatal women." Rawal Medical Journal 44 (2019), 457-460.



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Khan, Sarah, Muhammad Shahzad, Muhammad Jaffar Khan, and Babar Shahzad. "Assessment of plasma iron and zinc status and its relationship with dietary intake and body mass index in antenatal women." Rawal Medical Journal 44.3 (2019), 457-460. Print.



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Khan, S., Shahzad, . M., Khan, . M. J. & Shahzad, . B. (2019) Assessment of plasma iron and zinc status and its relationship with dietary intake and body mass index in antenatal women. Rawal Medical Journal, 44 (3), 457-460.








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