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Post-operative pain with and without neck extension in open thyroidectomy

Nida Farrukh, Ramlah Ghazanfor, Arsalan Zahid Kyani, Khawaja Rafay Ghazanfor.

Abstract
Objective: To compare open thyroidectomy with and without neck extension in terms of mean postoperative pain.
Methodology: This randomized control trial was conducted at Department of Surgery, Benazir Bhutto Hospital, Rawalpindi for a period of six months. A total 160 patients, 80 in each group, were included through non- probability consecutive sampling. In Group A, thyroidectomy was performed with standard thirty-degree reverse Trendelenburg tilt and neck extension and in Group B, there was no extension group. Visual analogue scale (VAS) was used to measure postoperative pain. SPSS version 21 was used for data analysis.
Results: Males were slightly more in number (51.87%) than females (48.12%). Mean age was 41.9310.587 years. Pain scores at 24 hours post-surgery were 3.56 1.077 in Group A and 2.58 1.123 in Group B (p< 0.05).
Conclusion: Open subtotal thyroidectomy without neck extension caused less postoperative pain as compared to surgery with neck extension. Further randomized, multicenter large controlled trials are required to establish this fact.

Key words: Thyroidectomy, neck extension, post-operative pain, Visual analogue scale.


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Farrukh N, Ghazanfor R, Kyani AZ, Ghazanfor KR. Post-operative pain with and without neck extension in open thyroidectomy. RMJ. 2020; 45(1): 84-86.


Web Style

Farrukh N, Ghazanfor R, Kyani AZ, Ghazanfor KR. Post-operative pain with and without neck extension in open thyroidectomy. http://www.rmj.org.pk/?mno=321 [Access: March 28, 2020].


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Farrukh N, Ghazanfor R, Kyani AZ, Ghazanfor KR. Post-operative pain with and without neck extension in open thyroidectomy. RMJ. 2020; 45(1): 84-86.



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Farrukh N, Ghazanfor R, Kyani AZ, Ghazanfor KR. Post-operative pain with and without neck extension in open thyroidectomy. RMJ. (2020), [cited March 28, 2020]; 45(1): 84-86.



Harvard Style

Farrukh, N., Ghazanfor, . R., Kyani, . A. Z. & Ghazanfor, . K. R. (2020) Post-operative pain with and without neck extension in open thyroidectomy. RMJ, 45 (1), 84-86.



Turabian Style

Farrukh, Nida, Ramlah Ghazanfor, Arsalan Zahid Kyani, and Khawaja Rafay Ghazanfor. 2020. Post-operative pain with and without neck extension in open thyroidectomy. Rawal Medical Journal, 45 (1), 84-86.



Chicago Style

Farrukh, Nida, Ramlah Ghazanfor, Arsalan Zahid Kyani, and Khawaja Rafay Ghazanfor. "Post-operative pain with and without neck extension in open thyroidectomy." Rawal Medical Journal 45 (2020), 84-86.



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Farrukh, Nida, Ramlah Ghazanfor, Arsalan Zahid Kyani, and Khawaja Rafay Ghazanfor. "Post-operative pain with and without neck extension in open thyroidectomy." Rawal Medical Journal 45.1 (2020), 84-86. Print.



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Farrukh, N., Ghazanfor, . R., Kyani, . A. Z. & Ghazanfor, . K. R. (2020) Post-operative pain with and without neck extension in open thyroidectomy. Rawal Medical Journal, 45 (1), 84-86.








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