Open Access and Peer-reviewed
Home Journal Issues Guide for Authors Editorial Board Aims & Scope About Journal News & Announcements


Original Research 


Analysis of gait pattern deviations among chronic post stroke patients

Aroosa Tariq, Sundus Akhtar, Misbah Marryam, Muhammad Umar, Mansoor Iqbal.

Abstract
Objective: To determine the abnormalities of different parameters of gait and to determine the association of spasticity with them in chronic post stroke population.
Methodology: It was a cross sectional descriptive study conducted over a duration of 3 months in 2017 at Pakistan Institute of Medical Sciences, Islamabad and Railway General Hospital, Rawalpindi and included 104 chronic stroke patients using non probability purposive sampling technique. Patients presenting with both ischemic and hemorrhagic stroke, both genders having age of 25 year to 75 years, patients who had suffered from stroke in past 6 months at time of data collection were included in the study. Those patients who had weakness due to any tumor, Gullian Barre Syndrome, peripheral nerve injury, multiple sclerosis or traumatic brain injury were excluded from the study. Dynamic gait index, Modified Ashworth scale, 10 meter walk test and temporospatial characteristics like, step length, stride length, step width and cadence were used as data collection tools. Data analysis was performed by SPSS version 21.
Results: The mean age of patients was 55.5613.46 years. Marked gait deviations were observed including decreased step length (12.752.23) inches, stride length (22.994.11) inches, cadence (66.9220.31) steps/min and increased step width (8.151.58) inches. Increased tone in lower limb muscles was found in the patients on modified Ashworth scale and decreased gait velocity by 10 meter walk test (0.490.23) m/s. Greater risk of fall was observed by dynamic gait index (13.55.22).
Conclusion: There were marked deviations of gait in post stroke population in chronic stage. These included changes in step length, stride length, step width and cadence. There were also changes in the scores of dynamic gait index and 10 meter walk test which showed an alteration in gait speed and adaptability thus limiting the independence of stroke patients.

Key words: Dynamic gait index , Gait deviations, Modified ashworth scale, Stroke.


 
ARTICLE TOOLS
Abstract
How to cite this articleHow to cite this article
Citation Tools
Related Records
 Articles by Aroosa Tariq
Articles by Sundus Akhtar
Articles by Misbah Marryam
Articles by Muhammad Umar
Articles by Mansoor Iqbal
on Google
on Google Scholar
Article Statistics
 Viewed: 1598
Downloaded: 3


How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Tariq A, Akhtar S, Marryam M, Umar M, Iqbal M. Analysis of gait pattern deviations among chronic post stroke patients.


Web Style

Tariq A, Akhtar S, Marryam M, Umar M, Iqbal M. Analysis of gait pattern deviations among chronic post stroke patients. http://www.rmj.org.pk/?mno=299155 [Access: April 02, 2020].


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Tariq A, Akhtar S, Marryam M, Umar M, Iqbal M. Analysis of gait pattern deviations among chronic post stroke patients.



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Tariq A, Akhtar S, Marryam M, Umar M, Iqbal M. Analysis of gait pattern deviations among chronic post stroke patients.



Harvard Style

Tariq, A., Akhtar, . S., Marryam, . M., Umar, . M. & Iqbal, . M. (2020) Analysis of gait pattern deviations among chronic post stroke patients.



Turabian Style

Tariq, Aroosa, Sundus Akhtar, Misbah Marryam, Muhammad Umar, and Mansoor Iqbal. 2020. Analysis of gait pattern deviations among chronic post stroke patients.



Chicago Style

Tariq, Aroosa, Sundus Akhtar, Misbah Marryam, Muhammad Umar, and Mansoor Iqbal. "Analysis of gait pattern deviations among chronic post stroke patients."



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Tariq, Aroosa, Sundus Akhtar, Misbah Marryam, Muhammad Umar, and Mansoor Iqbal. "Analysis of gait pattern deviations among chronic post stroke patients."



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Tariq, A., Akhtar, . S., Marryam, . M., Umar, . M. & Iqbal, . M. (2020) Analysis of gait pattern deviations among chronic post stroke patients.








AUTHOR LOGIN

REVIEWER LOGIN

Indexed
&
Abstracted


Indexed in WHO Index Medicus IMEMR, Emromedex, Pakmedinet, ExtraMED and Scopus, Web of Science

  Approved by the Higher Education Commission of Pakistan and Pakistan Medical and Dental Council


ABOUT JOURNAL
POLICIES
STATEMENTS

This is an open access journal which means that all content is freely available without charge to the user or his/her institution. Users are allowed to read, download, copy, distribute, print, search, or link to the full texts of the articles in this journal without asking prior permission from the publisher or the author. This is in accordance with the Budapest Open Access Initiative (BOAI) definition of open access.

The articles in Rawal Medical Journal are open access articles licensed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0/) which permits unrestricted, non-commercial use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the work is properly cited.