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Original Research 
RMJ. 2018; 43(4): 647-649


Outcomes of tumescent liposuction for gynecomastia

Sheikh Muhammad Arshad, Muhammad Waqas, Naeem Shahid, Fazal Hussain Shah.

Abstract
Objectives: To determine outcomes of Tumescent liposuction (TL) for gynecomastia.
Methodology: This descriptive observational prospective study was carried out at Yusra Teaching Hospital, Islamabad, Pakistan from January 1, 2014 to June 30, 2017. Seventy two male breasts (39 patients) undergoing TL were studied. Both genders were included with symptomatic gynecomastia, failed medical treatment or idiopathic with age range of 21-70 years and BMI>25 kg/m2. All patients with comorbid conditions were excluded. Same standard perioperative care was maintained for all patients. The various cohort characteristics and outcomes were observed. The data was analyzed by SPSS version 24.
Results: The mean age of the patients was 27.437.53 years. The mean duration of symptoms was 8.903.73 years. Thirty three patients were operated for bilateral gynecomastia. Minor complications like seroma and hematoma were seen in 7 (9.72%) while only one major complication was hematoma which was evacuation under anesthesia. The level of satisfaction after six months of surgery was 4.230.78.
Conclusion: TL for gynecomastia had good outcomes and satisfaction level.

Key words: Adolescent, adult, gynecomastia, male.


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Arshad SM, Waqas M, Shahid N, Shah FH. Outcomes of tumescent liposuction for gynecomastia. RMJ. 2018; 43(4): 647-649.


Web Style

Arshad SM, Waqas M, Shahid N, Shah FH. Outcomes of tumescent liposuction for gynecomastia. http://www.rmj.org.pk/?mno=297541 [Access: February 21, 2019].


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Arshad SM, Waqas M, Shahid N, Shah FH. Outcomes of tumescent liposuction for gynecomastia. RMJ. 2018; 43(4): 647-649.



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Arshad SM, Waqas M, Shahid N, Shah FH. Outcomes of tumescent liposuction for gynecomastia. RMJ. (2018), [cited February 21, 2019]; 43(4): 647-649.



Harvard Style

Arshad, S. M., Waqas, . M., Shahid, . N. & Shah, . F. H. (2018) Outcomes of tumescent liposuction for gynecomastia. RMJ, 43 (4), 647-649.



Turabian Style

Arshad, Sheikh Muhammad, Muhammad Waqas, Naeem Shahid, and Fazal Hussain Shah. 2018. Outcomes of tumescent liposuction for gynecomastia. Rawal Medical Journal, 43 (4), 647-649.



Chicago Style

Arshad, Sheikh Muhammad, Muhammad Waqas, Naeem Shahid, and Fazal Hussain Shah. "Outcomes of tumescent liposuction for gynecomastia." Rawal Medical Journal 43 (2018), 647-649.



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Arshad, Sheikh Muhammad, Muhammad Waqas, Naeem Shahid, and Fazal Hussain Shah. "Outcomes of tumescent liposuction for gynecomastia." Rawal Medical Journal 43.4 (2018), 647-649. Print.



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Arshad, S. M., Waqas, . M., Shahid, . N. & Shah, . F. H. (2018) Outcomes of tumescent liposuction for gynecomastia. Rawal Medical Journal, 43 (4), 647-649.








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