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Frequency of impaired fasting glucose and Diabetes in treatment na´ve HIV infected patients.

Sundus Mariyam Haroon, Samina Saeed, Amina Husnain.

Abstract
Objective: To determine the frequency of impaired fasting glucose and diabetes among treatment na´ve patients infected with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) presenting to a tertiary care hospital.
Methodology: This cross sectional survey was carried out at the HIV Clinic, Jinnah Hospital, Lahore, Pakistan from June 2014 to December 2014. Two hundred and ten patients infected with HIV without prior diagnosis of diabetes were inducted and underwent fasting glucose level and 75g oral glucose tolerance testing. Impaired fasting glucose was labelled if the fasting plasma glucose level was between 100 to 125 mg/dl. Diabetes was labelled if fasting plasma glucose level was >126 mg/dl or if the plasma glucose level two hours after administration of 75g oral glucose was >200 mg/dl.
Results: Out of 210 patients, 136(64.8%) were male while 74(35.2%) were female. Mean age was 26.5▒5.68 years. Impaired fasting glucose and diabetes were found in 12.9% and 9%, respectively (p=0.001). There was a significant association of age with the presence of impaired fasting and diabetes. However, there was no significant association between gender and glucose tolerance.
Conclusion: The frequency of both impaired fasting and diabetes was high in treatment na´ve patients infected with human immunodeficiency virus.

Key words: Diabetes, impaired fasting glucose,na´ve HIV


 
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Pubmed Style

Haroon SM, Saeed S, Husnain A. Frequency of impaired fasting glucose and Diabetes in treatment na´ve HIV infected patients.. RMJ. 2019; 44(1): 37-39.


Web Style

Haroon SM, Saeed S, Husnain A. Frequency of impaired fasting glucose and Diabetes in treatment na´ve HIV infected patients.. http://www.rmj.org.pk/?mno=295475 [Access: May 24, 2019].


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Haroon SM, Saeed S, Husnain A. Frequency of impaired fasting glucose and Diabetes in treatment na´ve HIV infected patients.. RMJ. 2019; 44(1): 37-39.



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Haroon SM, Saeed S, Husnain A. Frequency of impaired fasting glucose and Diabetes in treatment na´ve HIV infected patients.. RMJ. (2019), [cited May 24, 2019]; 44(1): 37-39.



Harvard Style

Haroon, S. M., Saeed, . S. & Husnain, . A. (2019) Frequency of impaired fasting glucose and Diabetes in treatment na´ve HIV infected patients.. RMJ, 44 (1), 37-39.



Turabian Style

Haroon, Sundus Mariyam, Samina Saeed, and Amina Husnain. 2019. Frequency of impaired fasting glucose and Diabetes in treatment na´ve HIV infected patients.. Rawal Medical Journal, 44 (1), 37-39.



Chicago Style

Haroon, Sundus Mariyam, Samina Saeed, and Amina Husnain. "Frequency of impaired fasting glucose and Diabetes in treatment na´ve HIV infected patients.." Rawal Medical Journal 44 (2019), 37-39.



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Haroon, Sundus Mariyam, Samina Saeed, and Amina Husnain. "Frequency of impaired fasting glucose and Diabetes in treatment na´ve HIV infected patients.." Rawal Medical Journal 44.1 (2019), 37-39. Print.



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Haroon, S. M., Saeed, . S. & Husnain, . A. (2019) Frequency of impaired fasting glucose and Diabetes in treatment na´ve HIV infected patients.. Rawal Medical Journal, 44 (1), 37-39.








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