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Original Research 
RMJ. 2019; 44(1): 109-112


Association of demographic variables and tobacco addictions with psychological disorders in patients treated at tertiary care hospital, Hyderabad, Pakistan

Quratulain Khuhro, Safdar Ali Amur, Naseem Aslam Channa, Muzna Paras, Muhammad Haneef Mugheri, Najaf Ali Soomro.

Abstract
Objective: To explore the association of demographic variables and tobacco addictions with psychological disorders.
Methodology: The study was done at Psychiatry Hospital, Hyderabad, Sindh, Pakistan, from August 2014 to September 2015. It included 200 psychotic inpatients and 335 normal healthy persons. The demographic variables and tobacco addictions were collected through a standard questionnaire. Blood pressure was measured and perceived stress scale (PSS-10) and hospital anxiety and depression scale (HADS-A) were used to figure out the number of patients having stress and anxiety. Analysis of data was performed by SPSS version 21.0 To associate factors with psychological disorders the odds ratios were computed by Pearsonís chi-square test with 95% confidential interval.
Results: Mean age range of psychotic patients was 25-42 years. We found that 81% psychotic patients showed stress, anxiety and hypertension. The early marriage up to 19 years of age, illiteracy, smoking, labor work, having no work and addiction of ghutka, mainpuri and naswar showed significant positive association with psychological disorders.
Conclusion: Early marriage up to 19 years age, illiteracy, smoking, labor work and addiction of smokeless tobacco were significantly positively associated with psychological disorders.

Key words: Demographic, tobacco addictions, early marriage, psychological disorders


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Khuhro Q, Amur SA, Channa NA, Paras M, Mugheri MH, Soomro NA. Association of demographic variables and tobacco addictions with psychological disorders in patients treated at tertiary care hospital, Hyderabad, Pakistan. RMJ. 2019; 44(1): 109-112.


Web Style

Khuhro Q, Amur SA, Channa NA, Paras M, Mugheri MH, Soomro NA. Association of demographic variables and tobacco addictions with psychological disorders in patients treated at tertiary care hospital, Hyderabad, Pakistan. http://www.rmj.org.pk/?mno=294554 [Access: March 22, 2019].


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Khuhro Q, Amur SA, Channa NA, Paras M, Mugheri MH, Soomro NA. Association of demographic variables and tobacco addictions with psychological disorders in patients treated at tertiary care hospital, Hyderabad, Pakistan. RMJ. 2019; 44(1): 109-112.



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Khuhro Q, Amur SA, Channa NA, Paras M, Mugheri MH, Soomro NA. Association of demographic variables and tobacco addictions with psychological disorders in patients treated at tertiary care hospital, Hyderabad, Pakistan. RMJ. (2019), [cited March 22, 2019]; 44(1): 109-112.



Harvard Style

Khuhro, Q., Amur, . S. A., Channa, . N. A., Paras, . M., Mugheri, . M. H. & Soomro, . N. A. (2019) Association of demographic variables and tobacco addictions with psychological disorders in patients treated at tertiary care hospital, Hyderabad, Pakistan. RMJ, 44 (1), 109-112.



Turabian Style

Khuhro, Quratulain, Safdar Ali Amur, Naseem Aslam Channa, Muzna Paras, Muhammad Haneef Mugheri, and Najaf Ali Soomro. 2019. Association of demographic variables and tobacco addictions with psychological disorders in patients treated at tertiary care hospital, Hyderabad, Pakistan. Rawal Medical Journal, 44 (1), 109-112.



Chicago Style

Khuhro, Quratulain, Safdar Ali Amur, Naseem Aslam Channa, Muzna Paras, Muhammad Haneef Mugheri, and Najaf Ali Soomro. "Association of demographic variables and tobacco addictions with psychological disorders in patients treated at tertiary care hospital, Hyderabad, Pakistan." Rawal Medical Journal 44 (2019), 109-112.



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Khuhro, Quratulain, Safdar Ali Amur, Naseem Aslam Channa, Muzna Paras, Muhammad Haneef Mugheri, and Najaf Ali Soomro. "Association of demographic variables and tobacco addictions with psychological disorders in patients treated at tertiary care hospital, Hyderabad, Pakistan." Rawal Medical Journal 44.1 (2019), 109-112. Print.



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Khuhro, Q., Amur, . S. A., Channa, . N. A., Paras, . M., Mugheri, . M. H. & Soomro, . N. A. (2019) Association of demographic variables and tobacco addictions with psychological disorders in patients treated at tertiary care hospital, Hyderabad, Pakistan. Rawal Medical Journal, 44 (1), 109-112.








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