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Effects of diabetes associated complications on quality of life in patients with type 2 diabetes

Farheen Shoukat, Fahad Tanveer, Sana Shahid, Ashfaq Ahmad, Syed Amir Gilani.

Abstract
Objective: To determine the effects of diabetes associated complications on quality of life in patients with type 2 diabetes.
Methodology: In this cross sectional survey, data were collected from Nawaz Sharif Social Security Hospital (NSSSH), Lahore, Pakistan with sample of 163 patients. To determine the effects of diabetes associated complications following were considered: impaired vision, myocardial infarction, angina, reduced kidney function (proteinuria), kidney transplant, foot ulcer, amputation, stroke, neuropathy. Quality of life was assessed through EQ-5D five dimensions with 5 levels EQ-5D-5L (mobility, self-care, usual activities, pain/discomfort and anxiety/depression) and VAS (visual analog scale) for good or bad health. Data were analyzed on SPSS version 16.0.
Results: Out of 163 participants, 113 had neuropathy and 89(78.8%) had worst health, 17(15.0%) moderate health and 7(6.2%) best health. Fifty patients had no neuropathy but with 20(40.0%) worst health, 11(22.0%) moderate health and 19(38.0%) had best health. There was an association between QoL and neuropathy (p≤0.05).
Conclusion: There was an association of QOL with impaired vision, MI, Angina, foot ulcer, amputation, neuropathy except reduced kidney function, kidney transplant, stroke.

Key words: Diabetes, neuropathy, nephropathy, Quality of life.


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Shoukat F, Tanveer F, Shahid S, Ahmad A, Gilani SA. Effects of diabetes associated complications on quality of life in patients with type 2 diabetes. RMJ. 2019; 44(1): 28-31.


Web Style

Shoukat F, Tanveer F, Shahid S, Ahmad A, Gilani SA. Effects of diabetes associated complications on quality of life in patients with type 2 diabetes. http://www.rmj.org.pk/?mno=293748 [Access: March 22, 2019].


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Shoukat F, Tanveer F, Shahid S, Ahmad A, Gilani SA. Effects of diabetes associated complications on quality of life in patients with type 2 diabetes. RMJ. 2019; 44(1): 28-31.



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Shoukat F, Tanveer F, Shahid S, Ahmad A, Gilani SA. Effects of diabetes associated complications on quality of life in patients with type 2 diabetes. RMJ. (2019), [cited March 22, 2019]; 44(1): 28-31.



Harvard Style

Shoukat, F., Tanveer, . F., Shahid, . S., Ahmad, . A. & Gilani, . S. A. (2019) Effects of diabetes associated complications on quality of life in patients with type 2 diabetes. RMJ, 44 (1), 28-31.



Turabian Style

Shoukat, Farheen, Fahad Tanveer, Sana Shahid, Ashfaq Ahmad, and Syed Amir Gilani. 2019. Effects of diabetes associated complications on quality of life in patients with type 2 diabetes. Rawal Medical Journal, 44 (1), 28-31.



Chicago Style

Shoukat, Farheen, Fahad Tanveer, Sana Shahid, Ashfaq Ahmad, and Syed Amir Gilani. "Effects of diabetes associated complications on quality of life in patients with type 2 diabetes." Rawal Medical Journal 44 (2019), 28-31.



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Shoukat, Farheen, Fahad Tanveer, Sana Shahid, Ashfaq Ahmad, and Syed Amir Gilani. "Effects of diabetes associated complications on quality of life in patients with type 2 diabetes." Rawal Medical Journal 44.1 (2019), 28-31. Print.



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Shoukat, F., Tanveer, . F., Shahid, . S., Ahmad, . A. & Gilani, . S. A. (2019) Effects of diabetes associated complications on quality of life in patients with type 2 diabetes. Rawal Medical Journal, 44 (1), 28-31.








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