Hyperglycemia in patients presenting with acute cerebral stroke: a single center study
Inamullah Khan, Zahidullah Khan, Iqbal Haider, Abidullah Khan.
Objective: To determine the frequency of hyperglycemia in patients presenting with acute cerebral stroke.
Methodology: This cross sectional, descriptive study was conducted at Department of Medicine, Khyber Teaching Hospital, Peshawar, Pakistan from August 1, 2016 to July 31, 2017. The total sample size was 143, keeping 38.5%12 proportion of hyperglycemia among stroke patients, 8% margin of error and 95% confidence interval, using WHO software. All patients with acute stroke within 48 hours of stroke onset in age 45 and above and both gender were included.
Results: Out of 143 patients, 54% were males while 46% were females. Mean age of males was 54±13 while those of females were 60±7 years. Mean blood sugar was 180±30. The frequency of hyperglycemia was 46.8%. 60% of the females had hyperglycemia (190±22) in comparison to 44% of the males (182± 19).
Conclusion: Our study showed that the 46% of the patients presenting with acute cerebral stroke in our setup had documented hyperglycemia.
Hyperglycemia, acute cerebral stroke, diabetes.
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Approved by the Higher Education Commission of Pakistan and Pakistan Medical and Dental Council