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Original Research 
RMJ. 2019; 44(2): 365-367


Frequency of low back and neck pain among female drivers

Haleema Sadia, Arooj Munawar, Fahad Tanveer, Ashfaq Ahmed, Syed Amir Gilani.

Abstract
Objective: To determine the frequency of low back and neck pain among female car drivers.
Methodology: A standardized Nordic Questionnaire was used. Data were taken from University of Lahore Staff, students and their families. The sample size was calculated using epitool, which was 120, dividing 60 drivers and 60 non-drivers. Females of age 20-60 years were included and those under 20 and above 60 years, males and females with recent trauma were excluded from the study.
Results: Out of 120 females, 52 (43.3%) were students, 44 (36.7%) white collar workers and 24 (20%) were housewives. 36 (30.0%) had both neck and back pain, 15 (12.5%) had only back pain, 12 (10.0%) only had neck pain and 57 (47.5%) had neither low back nor neck pain.
Conclusion: There was considerable prevalence of back and neck pain among female drivers than the neck or back pain alone.

Key words: Female driver, Non-driver, neck pain, low back pain.


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Sadia H, Munawar A, Tanveer F, Ahmed A, Gilani SA. Frequency of low back and neck pain among female drivers. RMJ. 2019; 44(2): 365-367.


Web Style

Sadia H, Munawar A, Tanveer F, Ahmed A, Gilani SA. Frequency of low back and neck pain among female drivers. http://www.rmj.org.pk/?mno=291233 [Access: November 17, 2019].


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Sadia H, Munawar A, Tanveer F, Ahmed A, Gilani SA. Frequency of low back and neck pain among female drivers. RMJ. 2019; 44(2): 365-367.



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Sadia H, Munawar A, Tanveer F, Ahmed A, Gilani SA. Frequency of low back and neck pain among female drivers. RMJ. (2019), [cited November 17, 2019]; 44(2): 365-367.



Harvard Style

Sadia, H., Munawar, . A., Tanveer, . F., Ahmed, . A. & Gilani, . S. A. (2019) Frequency of low back and neck pain among female drivers. RMJ, 44 (2), 365-367.



Turabian Style

Sadia, Haleema, Arooj Munawar, Fahad Tanveer, Ashfaq Ahmed, and Syed Amir Gilani. 2019. Frequency of low back and neck pain among female drivers. Rawal Medical Journal, 44 (2), 365-367.



Chicago Style

Sadia, Haleema, Arooj Munawar, Fahad Tanveer, Ashfaq Ahmed, and Syed Amir Gilani. "Frequency of low back and neck pain among female drivers." Rawal Medical Journal 44 (2019), 365-367.



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Sadia, Haleema, Arooj Munawar, Fahad Tanveer, Ashfaq Ahmed, and Syed Amir Gilani. "Frequency of low back and neck pain among female drivers." Rawal Medical Journal 44.2 (2019), 365-367. Print.



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Sadia, H., Munawar, . A., Tanveer, . F., Ahmed, . A. & Gilani, . S. A. (2019) Frequency of low back and neck pain among female drivers. Rawal Medical Journal, 44 (2), 365-367.








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