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Original Research 
RMJ. 2018; 43(4): 603-605


Clinical features and risk factors of Chikungunya fever

Haidar Zaman, Bilal Saeed, Abdul Rauf, Armaghan Ali.

Abstract
Objective: To study patients presenting with features suggestive of chikungunya fever in patients presenting to our institution..
Methodology: This descriptive cross-sectional study was carried out during an outbreak of fever between June 2017 to November 2017 in patients with acute febrile illness in Ayub Teaching Hospital, Abbottabad, Pakistan. Signs and symptoms of those patients who presented with febrile illness were matched with that of chikungunya fever. Blood samples were sent for RT-PCR. Data were analyzed using SPSS version 16.
Results: Of the 48 participants, 24(50%) were male and 24(50%) were female. Mean age was 39.112.3 years (range 16-67). Moderate-high grade fever was the most common presenting complaint (97.9%), followed by body aches (37.5%), rigors (31.25%), conjunctival ecchymosis (22.9%), fatigue (22.9%) and skin rash (8.3%). A significant number (66.2%) had recently traveled to Karachi during an outbreak. No significant statistical association was found between the symptoms, age and gender of study participants (p>0.05).
Conclusion: With arthropod-borne illnesses becoming increasingly common in Pakistan, a high index of suspicion should be adopted when managing patients with febrile illnesses, especially during summer and monsoon season.

Key words: Chikungunya, outbreak, vector born illness, clinical presentation, Abbottabad.


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Zaman H, Saeed B, Rauf A, Ali A. Clinical features and risk factors of Chikungunya fever. RMJ. 2018; 43(4): 603-605.


Web Style

Zaman H, Saeed B, Rauf A, Ali A. Clinical features and risk factors of Chikungunya fever. http://www.rmj.org.pk/?mno=290150 [Access: August 25, 2019].


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Zaman H, Saeed B, Rauf A, Ali A. Clinical features and risk factors of Chikungunya fever. RMJ. 2018; 43(4): 603-605.



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Zaman H, Saeed B, Rauf A, Ali A. Clinical features and risk factors of Chikungunya fever. RMJ. (2018), [cited August 25, 2019]; 43(4): 603-605.



Harvard Style

Zaman, H., Saeed, . B., Rauf, . A. & Ali, . A. (2018) Clinical features and risk factors of Chikungunya fever. RMJ, 43 (4), 603-605.



Turabian Style

Zaman, Haidar, Bilal Saeed, Abdul Rauf, and Armaghan Ali. 2018. Clinical features and risk factors of Chikungunya fever. Rawal Medical Journal, 43 (4), 603-605.



Chicago Style

Zaman, Haidar, Bilal Saeed, Abdul Rauf, and Armaghan Ali. "Clinical features and risk factors of Chikungunya fever." Rawal Medical Journal 43 (2018), 603-605.



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Zaman, Haidar, Bilal Saeed, Abdul Rauf, and Armaghan Ali. "Clinical features and risk factors of Chikungunya fever." Rawal Medical Journal 43.4 (2018), 603-605. Print.



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Zaman, H., Saeed, . B., Rauf, . A. & Ali, . A. (2018) Clinical features and risk factors of Chikungunya fever. Rawal Medical Journal, 43 (4), 603-605.








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