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Original Research 
RMJ. 2020; 45(1): 127-132


Effects of conventional physical therapy with and without muscle energy techniques for treatment of Upper Cross Syndrome

Arif Ali Rana, Ashfaq Ahmad, Syed Amir Gillani, Muhammad Qasim Idrees, Iqra Awan.

Abstract
Objective: To assess the effectiveness of Conventional Physical Therapy with and without Muscle Energy Techniques (MET) for the treatment of Upper Cross Syndrome (UCS).
Methodology: This study was carried out Nawaz Sharif Social Security Hospital and Physiotherapy Rehabilitation Clinic, Lahore from September 3, 2016 to June 1, 2017. Sample size was calculated to be 60 using G power program with power of 80% to detect an effect size of 0.8 assuming a type I error of 0.05.
Results: Both groups showed improvement in pain however MET was effective in improving pain during first half of the treatment only in comparison to the latter half.
Conclusion: Both conventional therapy and MET are beneficial for the treatment of upper cross syndrome, however MET was superior to conventional physical therapy in alleviating neck pain and disability.

Key words: Conventional Physical Therapy, Muscle Energy Technique, VAS, NDI.


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Rana AA, Ahmad A, Gillani SA, Idrees MQ, Awan I. Effects of conventional physical therapy with and without muscle energy techniques for treatment of Upper Cross Syndrome. RMJ. 2020; 45(1): 127-132.


Web Style

Rana AA, Ahmad A, Gillani SA, Idrees MQ, Awan I. Effects of conventional physical therapy with and without muscle energy techniques for treatment of Upper Cross Syndrome. http://www.rmj.org.pk/?mno=283894 [Access: March 29, 2020].


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Rana AA, Ahmad A, Gillani SA, Idrees MQ, Awan I. Effects of conventional physical therapy with and without muscle energy techniques for treatment of Upper Cross Syndrome. RMJ. 2020; 45(1): 127-132.



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Rana AA, Ahmad A, Gillani SA, Idrees MQ, Awan I. Effects of conventional physical therapy with and without muscle energy techniques for treatment of Upper Cross Syndrome. RMJ. (2020), [cited March 29, 2020]; 45(1): 127-132.



Harvard Style

Rana, A. A., Ahmad, . A., Gillani, . S. A., Idrees, . M. Q. & Awan, . I. (2020) Effects of conventional physical therapy with and without muscle energy techniques for treatment of Upper Cross Syndrome. RMJ, 45 (1), 127-132.



Turabian Style

Rana, Arif Ali, Ashfaq Ahmad, Syed Amir Gillani, Muhammad Qasim Idrees, and Iqra Awan. 2020. Effects of conventional physical therapy with and without muscle energy techniques for treatment of Upper Cross Syndrome. Rawal Medical Journal, 45 (1), 127-132.



Chicago Style

Rana, Arif Ali, Ashfaq Ahmad, Syed Amir Gillani, Muhammad Qasim Idrees, and Iqra Awan. "Effects of conventional physical therapy with and without muscle energy techniques for treatment of Upper Cross Syndrome." Rawal Medical Journal 45 (2020), 127-132.



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Rana, Arif Ali, Ashfaq Ahmad, Syed Amir Gillani, Muhammad Qasim Idrees, and Iqra Awan. "Effects of conventional physical therapy with and without muscle energy techniques for treatment of Upper Cross Syndrome." Rawal Medical Journal 45.1 (2020), 127-132. Print.



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Rana, A. A., Ahmad, . A., Gillani, . S. A., Idrees, . M. Q. & Awan, . I. (2020) Effects of conventional physical therapy with and without muscle energy techniques for treatment of Upper Cross Syndrome. Rawal Medical Journal, 45 (1), 127-132.








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