Open Access and Peer-reviewed
Home Journal Issues Guide for Authors Editorial Board Aims & Scope About Journal News & Announcements


Original Research 
RMJ. 2020; 45(4): 830-833


Effects of Kegel exercises for the management of pelvic floor muscles weakness after episiotomy

Mehr un Nisa, Arooj Fatima, Sundas Sohail, Shiza Kazmi, Ashfaq Ahmad, Syed Amir Gilani.

Abstract
Objective: To evaluate effectiveness of Kegel exercises for management of post-episiotomy weak pelvic floor musculature.
Methodology: This experimental trial conducted at National Hospital, Faisalabad, included 45 women with diagnosed pelvic floor muscles (PFM) weakness after episiotomy. Subjects were pre-instructed to perform Kegel exercises according to given protocol. Outcome measures were pain intensity and strength of PFM; assessed by visual analogue scale (VAS) and vaginal digital examination along with modified oxford grading scoring system, respectively.
Results: Out of 45 women, 19 (42.2%) had complaint of pain and urinary incontinence. By applying Friedman test, the median pain score was 5.00 before intervention while it was reduced to 3.00 after 3 weeks of performing exercises. The median manual muscle testing (MMT) score was 2.00 before intervention, but it remains 2.00 after 3 weeks. Patients showed better results for pain (p=0.000) and for pelvic muscles strength (p=0.000).
Conclusion: Kegel exercises are simple and cost-efficient method as they relieved patientís pain and improved incontinence. They helped in improving pain after episiotomy therefore they should be included in post-natal patient care program.

Key words: Kegel exercises, pelvic floor muscles, visual analogue scale.


 
ARTICLE TOOLS
Abstract
PDF Fulltext
How to cite this articleHow to cite this article
Citation Tools
Related Records
 Articles by Mehr un Nisa
Articles by Arooj Fatima
Articles by Sundas Sohail
Articles by Shiza Kazmi
Articles by Ashfaq Ahmad
Articles by Syed Amir Gilani
on Google
on Google Scholar


How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Nisa Mu, Fatima A, Sohail S, Kazmi S, Ahmad A, Gilani SA. Effects of Kegel exercises for the management of pelvic floor muscles weakness after episiotomy. RMJ. 2020; 45(4): 830-833.


Web Style

Nisa Mu, Fatima A, Sohail S, Kazmi S, Ahmad A, Gilani SA. Effects of Kegel exercises for the management of pelvic floor muscles weakness after episiotomy. http://www.rmj.org.pk/?mno=279676 [Access: December 18, 2020].


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Nisa Mu, Fatima A, Sohail S, Kazmi S, Ahmad A, Gilani SA. Effects of Kegel exercises for the management of pelvic floor muscles weakness after episiotomy. RMJ. 2020; 45(4): 830-833.



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Nisa Mu, Fatima A, Sohail S, Kazmi S, Ahmad A, Gilani SA. Effects of Kegel exercises for the management of pelvic floor muscles weakness after episiotomy. RMJ. (2020), [cited December 18, 2020]; 45(4): 830-833.



Harvard Style

Nisa, M. u., Fatima, . A., Sohail, . S., Kazmi, . S., Ahmad, . A. & Gilani, . S. A. (2020) Effects of Kegel exercises for the management of pelvic floor muscles weakness after episiotomy. RMJ, 45 (4), 830-833.



Turabian Style

Nisa, Mehr un, Arooj Fatima, Sundas Sohail, Shiza Kazmi, Ashfaq Ahmad, and Syed Amir Gilani. 2020. Effects of Kegel exercises for the management of pelvic floor muscles weakness after episiotomy. Rawal Medical Journal, 45 (4), 830-833.



Chicago Style

Nisa, Mehr un, Arooj Fatima, Sundas Sohail, Shiza Kazmi, Ashfaq Ahmad, and Syed Amir Gilani. "Effects of Kegel exercises for the management of pelvic floor muscles weakness after episiotomy." Rawal Medical Journal 45 (2020), 830-833.



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Nisa, Mehr un, Arooj Fatima, Sundas Sohail, Shiza Kazmi, Ashfaq Ahmad, and Syed Amir Gilani. "Effects of Kegel exercises for the management of pelvic floor muscles weakness after episiotomy." Rawal Medical Journal 45.4 (2020), 830-833. Print.



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Nisa, M. u., Fatima, . A., Sohail, . S., Kazmi, . S., Ahmad, . A. & Gilani, . S. A. (2020) Effects of Kegel exercises for the management of pelvic floor muscles weakness after episiotomy. Rawal Medical Journal, 45 (4), 830-833.








AUTHOR LOGIN

REVIEWER LOGIN

Indexed
&
Abstracted


Indexed in WHO Index Medicus IMEMR, Emromedex, Pakmedinet, ExtraMED,  Scopus and Web of Science

                     Approved by the Higher Education Commission of Pakistan 


ABOUT JOURNAL
POLICIES
STATEMENTS

This is an open access journal which means that all content is freely available without charge to the user or his/her institution. Users are allowed to read, download, copy, distribute, print, search, or link to the full texts of the articles in this journal without asking prior permission from the publisher or the author. This is in accordance with the Budapest Open Access Initiative (BOAI) definition of open access.

The articles in Rawal Medical Journal are open access articles licensed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0/) which permits unrestricted, non-commercial use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the work is properly cited.