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Original Research 
RMJ. 2019; 44(1): 220-222


Prevalence of musculoskeletal pain among young females using different heel heights: a cross-sectional study

Umber Nawaz, Muhammad Aamir Hashmi, Muhammad Yahya Qureshi, Amna Yahya Qureshi, Abid Minhas, Saima Abdul Aziz, Unzila sahar siddiqui, Mehwish Naz, Maryam Razzaq.

Abstract
Objective: To evaluate the prevalence of musculoskeletal pain among females using different heel size footwear.
Methodology: We recruited 87 young females aged between 18-32 years. They were asked to walk on the treadmill at 4km/hour speed for 20 minutes with three different heel size shoes per day. The prevalence of pain was observed in feet and lower limbs.
Results: The prevalence of pain in foot and lower limb was 29.6% and 24.7%, respectively. In flat sandals, the pain in foot and lower limb was 39.5% and 19.8%, respectively. Back was affected from both high heels and flat sandals with 9.9% and 6.2%, respectively.
Conclusion: The pain in foot and lower limb was seen in both high heel users as well as flat sandals.

Key words: High heeled shoes, Musculoskeletal Pain, Low Back Pain, Osteoarthritis


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Nawaz U, Hashmi MA, Qureshi MY, Qureshi AY, Minhas A, Aziz SA, siddiqui Us, Naz M, Razzaq M. Prevalence of musculoskeletal pain among young females using different heel heights: a cross-sectional study. RMJ. 2019; 44(1): 220-222.


Web Style

Nawaz U, Hashmi MA, Qureshi MY, Qureshi AY, Minhas A, Aziz SA, siddiqui Us, Naz M, Razzaq M. Prevalence of musculoskeletal pain among young females using different heel heights: a cross-sectional study. http://www.rmj.org.pk/?mno=276257 [Access: July 18, 2019].


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Nawaz U, Hashmi MA, Qureshi MY, Qureshi AY, Minhas A, Aziz SA, siddiqui Us, Naz M, Razzaq M. Prevalence of musculoskeletal pain among young females using different heel heights: a cross-sectional study. RMJ. 2019; 44(1): 220-222.



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Nawaz U, Hashmi MA, Qureshi MY, Qureshi AY, Minhas A, Aziz SA, siddiqui Us, Naz M, Razzaq M. Prevalence of musculoskeletal pain among young females using different heel heights: a cross-sectional study. RMJ. (2019), [cited July 18, 2019]; 44(1): 220-222.



Harvard Style

Nawaz, U., Hashmi, . M. A., Qureshi, . M. Y., Qureshi, . A. Y., Minhas, . A., Aziz, . S. A., siddiqui, . U. s., Naz, . M. & Razzaq, . M. (2019) Prevalence of musculoskeletal pain among young females using different heel heights: a cross-sectional study. RMJ, 44 (1), 220-222.



Turabian Style

Nawaz, Umber, Muhammad Aamir Hashmi, Muhammad Yahya Qureshi, Amna Yahya Qureshi, Abid Minhas, Saima Abdul Aziz, Unzila sahar siddiqui, Mehwish Naz, and Maryam Razzaq. 2019. Prevalence of musculoskeletal pain among young females using different heel heights: a cross-sectional study. Rawal Medical Journal, 44 (1), 220-222.



Chicago Style

Nawaz, Umber, Muhammad Aamir Hashmi, Muhammad Yahya Qureshi, Amna Yahya Qureshi, Abid Minhas, Saima Abdul Aziz, Unzila sahar siddiqui, Mehwish Naz, and Maryam Razzaq. "Prevalence of musculoskeletal pain among young females using different heel heights: a cross-sectional study." Rawal Medical Journal 44 (2019), 220-222.



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Nawaz, Umber, Muhammad Aamir Hashmi, Muhammad Yahya Qureshi, Amna Yahya Qureshi, Abid Minhas, Saima Abdul Aziz, Unzila sahar siddiqui, Mehwish Naz, and Maryam Razzaq. "Prevalence of musculoskeletal pain among young females using different heel heights: a cross-sectional study." Rawal Medical Journal 44.1 (2019), 220-222. Print.



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Nawaz, U., Hashmi, . M. A., Qureshi, . M. Y., Qureshi, . A. Y., Minhas, . A., Aziz, . S. A., siddiqui, . U. s., Naz, . M. & Razzaq, . M. (2019) Prevalence of musculoskeletal pain among young females using different heel heights: a cross-sectional study. Rawal Medical Journal, 44 (1), 220-222.








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