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Original Research 
RMJ. 2018; 43(3): 381-384


Intentional and accidental poisoning: Experience at a tertiary care hospital in Rawalpindi, Pakistan

Muhammad Mudassir Shafiq, Muhammad Nadeem, Waheed Iqbal, Haider Zaigham Baqai, Syed Irfan Ahmed.

Abstract
Abstract
Objective: To study the particulars of patients who presented with poisoning, either intentional or accidental, at a tertiary care hospital in Rawalpindi, Pakistan.
Methods: An observational study was conducted at the District Headquarters Hospital Rawalpindi from January 2015 to July 2015.The demographic details of patients, route, type of poison, cause of poisoning, prior history of such event, initial presentation in the emergency department and outcome were recorded.
Results: During the study period, 271 patients were enrolled. Females were 56.1% (n=152) of the total study population. Most of the patients came with intentional intake of organophosphate agents 43.9% (n=119) followed by wheat preserving pills 13.3% (n=36), corrosive intake11.1% (n=30) and benzodiazepines 9.2% (n=25). Other common substances were opioids, painkillers, PPD, multivitamins, antibiotics and unknown agents, while 4.4% (n=12) came with snake bite. 12.5% (n=34) patients expired during the study period. Wheat preserving pill poisoning was the most common cause of death.
Conclusion Organophosphate agents and wheat preserving pills were two most common substances used in poisoning. The reasons being an agriculture based economy, poverty and easy availability of these toxic agents.

Key words: Accidental, Intentional, Poisoning.


 
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Pubmed Style

Muhammad Mudassir Shafiq, Muhammad Nadeem, Waheed Iqbal, Haider Zaigham Baqai, Syed Irfan Ahmed. Intentional and accidental poisoning: Experience at a tertiary care hospital in Rawalpindi, Pakistan. RMJ. 2018; 43(3): 381-384.


Web Style

Muhammad Mudassir Shafiq, Muhammad Nadeem, Waheed Iqbal, Haider Zaigham Baqai, Syed Irfan Ahmed. Intentional and accidental poisoning: Experience at a tertiary care hospital in Rawalpindi, Pakistan. http://www.rmj.org.pk/?mno=275779 [Access: March 20, 2019].


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Muhammad Mudassir Shafiq, Muhammad Nadeem, Waheed Iqbal, Haider Zaigham Baqai, Syed Irfan Ahmed. Intentional and accidental poisoning: Experience at a tertiary care hospital in Rawalpindi, Pakistan. RMJ. 2018; 43(3): 381-384.



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Muhammad Mudassir Shafiq, Muhammad Nadeem, Waheed Iqbal, Haider Zaigham Baqai, Syed Irfan Ahmed. Intentional and accidental poisoning: Experience at a tertiary care hospital in Rawalpindi, Pakistan. RMJ. (2018), [cited March 20, 2019]; 43(3): 381-384.



Harvard Style

Muhammad Mudassir Shafiq, Muhammad Nadeem, Waheed Iqbal, Haider Zaigham Baqai, Syed Irfan Ahmed (2018) Intentional and accidental poisoning: Experience at a tertiary care hospital in Rawalpindi, Pakistan. RMJ, 43 (3), 381-384.



Turabian Style

Muhammad Mudassir Shafiq, Muhammad Nadeem, Waheed Iqbal, Haider Zaigham Baqai, Syed Irfan Ahmed. 2018. Intentional and accidental poisoning: Experience at a tertiary care hospital in Rawalpindi, Pakistan. Rawal Medical Journal, 43 (3), 381-384.



Chicago Style

Muhammad Mudassir Shafiq, Muhammad Nadeem, Waheed Iqbal, Haider Zaigham Baqai, Syed Irfan Ahmed. "Intentional and accidental poisoning: Experience at a tertiary care hospital in Rawalpindi, Pakistan." Rawal Medical Journal 43 (2018), 381-384.



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Muhammad Mudassir Shafiq, Muhammad Nadeem, Waheed Iqbal, Haider Zaigham Baqai, Syed Irfan Ahmed. "Intentional and accidental poisoning: Experience at a tertiary care hospital in Rawalpindi, Pakistan." Rawal Medical Journal 43.3 (2018), 381-384. Print.



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Muhammad Mudassir Shafiq, Muhammad Nadeem, Waheed Iqbal, Haider Zaigham Baqai, Syed Irfan Ahmed (2018) Intentional and accidental poisoning: Experience at a tertiary care hospital in Rawalpindi, Pakistan. Rawal Medical Journal, 43 (3), 381-384.








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