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Emergency peripartum hysterectomy: an experience at a tertiary care hospital of Mardan, Pakistan

Maimoona Qadir.

Abstract
Objective: To study the incidence, demographic characteristics, indications, complications, associated maternal and perinatal outcome in patients with emergency peripartum hysterectomy (EPH).
Methodology: This prospective cross sectional study was performed at Department of Gynecology and Obstetrics, Mardan Medical Complex, Mardan from February 2017 to July 2017. All women of any age, parity and booking status, who underwent emergency peripartum hysterectomy within 24 hours of delivery through any mode were included in the study.
Results: Incidence of EPH was 0.1%. Most common age group was more than 35 years where 12(57%) women, majority (76%) were multiparous, 17(81%) were non booked and 15(71.4%) were delivered through cesarean section. Indication for EPH was uterine rupture in 10(47.6%), followed by uterine atony and abruption placentae in 4(19%) each and placenta previa in 2(9.5%) cases. Main intraoperative complications were hemorrhage in 13(62%) and shock in 9(42.8%) patients. Postoperative complications were anemia in 15(71.4%), wound sepsis in 8(38%) and paralytic ileus in 7(33%) cases. Maternal mortality was 3(14.3%) and perinatal mortality rate was 52%, including 9(43%) stillbirths and 2(9.5%) early neonatal deaths. Subtotal hysterectomy was performed in 16(76%) and total hysterectomy in 5(24%) cases.
Conclusion: The incidence of EPH and associated rates of maternal and perinatal morbidity and mortality were high in our hospital, with most common indication being uterine rupture followed by atonic uterus. Important risk factors were multiparity, age >35 years, non booked status, rural residence and delivery by cesarean section.

Key words: Postpartum hemmorhage, peripartum hysterectomy, abruptio placentae, placenta previa, wound sepsis, stillbirth.


 
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Pubmed Style

Maimoona Qadir. Emergency peripartum hysterectomy: an experience at a tertiary care hospital of Mardan, Pakistan. RMJ. 2018; 43(1): 90-94.


Web Style

Maimoona Qadir. Emergency peripartum hysterectomy: an experience at a tertiary care hospital of Mardan, Pakistan. http://www.rmj.org.pk/?mno=274610 [Access: January 16, 2019].


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Maimoona Qadir. Emergency peripartum hysterectomy: an experience at a tertiary care hospital of Mardan, Pakistan. RMJ. 2018; 43(1): 90-94.



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Maimoona Qadir. Emergency peripartum hysterectomy: an experience at a tertiary care hospital of Mardan, Pakistan. RMJ. (2018), [cited January 16, 2019]; 43(1): 90-94.



Harvard Style

Maimoona Qadir (2018) Emergency peripartum hysterectomy: an experience at a tertiary care hospital of Mardan, Pakistan. RMJ, 43 (1), 90-94.



Turabian Style

Maimoona Qadir. 2018. Emergency peripartum hysterectomy: an experience at a tertiary care hospital of Mardan, Pakistan. Rawal Medical Journal, 43 (1), 90-94.



Chicago Style

Maimoona Qadir. "Emergency peripartum hysterectomy: an experience at a tertiary care hospital of Mardan, Pakistan." Rawal Medical Journal 43 (2018), 90-94.



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Maimoona Qadir. "Emergency peripartum hysterectomy: an experience at a tertiary care hospital of Mardan, Pakistan." Rawal Medical Journal 43.1 (2018), 90-94. Print.



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Maimoona Qadir (2018) Emergency peripartum hysterectomy: an experience at a tertiary care hospital of Mardan, Pakistan. Rawal Medical Journal, 43 (1), 90-94.








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