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Blood culture contamination in emergency department: Association with working shift, triage and stroke

Azizul Fadzli Jusoh, Mohd Nizam Zahary, Rosliza Yahaya, Nik Ahmad Shaiffudin Nik Him, Mohd Hashairi Fauzi, Siti Asma Hassan, Chew Keng Sheng, Nik Arif Nik Mohamed.

Abstract
Objectives: To determine the prevalence of blood culture contamination and factors associated with blood culture contamination at Emergency Department, Hospital Universiti Sains Malaysia.
Methodology: This prospective cross-sectional study was conducted from 1st September 2012 to 31st August 2013 and included 136 consenting patients with sepsis, severe sepsis, and septicemic shock according to International Sepsis Guidelines and required intravenous antibiotics. Blood samples were collected by a various health care professionals and were correlated with culture results.
Results: The prevalence of blood culture contamination was 19.9%. Night shift work (OR, 4.73; CI, 1.35-16.57; p=0.015), semi-critical zone in triage (OR, 3.78; CI, 1.47-9.73; p=0.006) and patients who had a stroke (OR, 5.49; CI, 1.36-22.19; p=0.017) revealed significant association with the risk of blood culture contamination.
Conclusion: Blood cultures obtained during night shift work, semi critical zone in triage and stroke patients were associated with the risk of blood culture contamination.

Key words: Blood culture, working shift, triage, stroke, emergency department.


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Azizul Fadzli Jusoh, Mohd Nizam Zahary, Rosliza Yahaya, Nik Ahmad Shaiffudin Nik Him, Mohd Hashairi Fauzi, Siti Asma Hassan, Chew Keng Sheng, Nik Arif Nik Mohamed. Blood culture contamination in emergency department: Association with working shift, triage and stroke. RMJ. 2018; 43(1): 23-28.


Web Style

Azizul Fadzli Jusoh, Mohd Nizam Zahary, Rosliza Yahaya, Nik Ahmad Shaiffudin Nik Him, Mohd Hashairi Fauzi, Siti Asma Hassan, Chew Keng Sheng, Nik Arif Nik Mohamed. Blood culture contamination in emergency department: Association with working shift, triage and stroke. http://www.rmj.org.pk/?mno=274564 [Access: January 16, 2019].


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Azizul Fadzli Jusoh, Mohd Nizam Zahary, Rosliza Yahaya, Nik Ahmad Shaiffudin Nik Him, Mohd Hashairi Fauzi, Siti Asma Hassan, Chew Keng Sheng, Nik Arif Nik Mohamed. Blood culture contamination in emergency department: Association with working shift, triage and stroke. RMJ. 2018; 43(1): 23-28.



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Azizul Fadzli Jusoh, Mohd Nizam Zahary, Rosliza Yahaya, Nik Ahmad Shaiffudin Nik Him, Mohd Hashairi Fauzi, Siti Asma Hassan, Chew Keng Sheng, Nik Arif Nik Mohamed. Blood culture contamination in emergency department: Association with working shift, triage and stroke. RMJ. (2018), [cited January 16, 2019]; 43(1): 23-28.



Harvard Style

Azizul Fadzli Jusoh, Mohd Nizam Zahary, Rosliza Yahaya, Nik Ahmad Shaiffudin Nik Him, Mohd Hashairi Fauzi, Siti Asma Hassan, Chew Keng Sheng, Nik Arif Nik Mohamed (2018) Blood culture contamination in emergency department: Association with working shift, triage and stroke. RMJ, 43 (1), 23-28.



Turabian Style

Azizul Fadzli Jusoh, Mohd Nizam Zahary, Rosliza Yahaya, Nik Ahmad Shaiffudin Nik Him, Mohd Hashairi Fauzi, Siti Asma Hassan, Chew Keng Sheng, Nik Arif Nik Mohamed. 2018. Blood culture contamination in emergency department: Association with working shift, triage and stroke. Rawal Medical Journal, 43 (1), 23-28.



Chicago Style

Azizul Fadzli Jusoh, Mohd Nizam Zahary, Rosliza Yahaya, Nik Ahmad Shaiffudin Nik Him, Mohd Hashairi Fauzi, Siti Asma Hassan, Chew Keng Sheng, Nik Arif Nik Mohamed. "Blood culture contamination in emergency department: Association with working shift, triage and stroke." Rawal Medical Journal 43 (2018), 23-28.



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Azizul Fadzli Jusoh, Mohd Nizam Zahary, Rosliza Yahaya, Nik Ahmad Shaiffudin Nik Him, Mohd Hashairi Fauzi, Siti Asma Hassan, Chew Keng Sheng, Nik Arif Nik Mohamed. "Blood culture contamination in emergency department: Association with working shift, triage and stroke." Rawal Medical Journal 43.1 (2018), 23-28. Print.



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Azizul Fadzli Jusoh, Mohd Nizam Zahary, Rosliza Yahaya, Nik Ahmad Shaiffudin Nik Him, Mohd Hashairi Fauzi, Siti Asma Hassan, Chew Keng Sheng, Nik Arif Nik Mohamed (2018) Blood culture contamination in emergency department: Association with working shift, triage and stroke. Rawal Medical Journal, 43 (1), 23-28.








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