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Original Research 
RMJ. 2018; 43(2): 260-262


Prevalance of forward head posture among university students

Arfa Naz, Muhamamd Salman Bashir, Rabiya Noor.

Abstract
Objective: To determine the prevalence of forward head posture among university students and its possible correlation with other posture related factors.
Methodology: This cross-sectional study was carried out on 197 students from four different universities. A modified questionnaire was used to collect the data and posture was assessed using a plumb line. The data were analyzed using SPSS version 21.
Results: The prevalence of forward head posture was found to be 63.96%, including male and female students. The forward head posture was found to be correlated with shoulder rolling forward.
Conclusion: The forward head posture is very prevalent among the university students. It is correlated shoulder rolling forward.

Key words: Neck pain, students, posture


 
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Pubmed Style

Arfa Naz, Muhamamd Salman Bashir, Rabiya Noor. Prevalance of forward head posture among university students. RMJ. 2018; 43(2): 260-262.


Web Style

Arfa Naz, Muhamamd Salman Bashir, Rabiya Noor. Prevalance of forward head posture among university students. http://www.rmj.org.pk/?mno=274422 [Access: March 22, 2019].


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Arfa Naz, Muhamamd Salman Bashir, Rabiya Noor. Prevalance of forward head posture among university students. RMJ. 2018; 43(2): 260-262.



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Arfa Naz, Muhamamd Salman Bashir, Rabiya Noor. Prevalance of forward head posture among university students. RMJ. (2018), [cited March 22, 2019]; 43(2): 260-262.



Harvard Style

Arfa Naz, Muhamamd Salman Bashir, Rabiya Noor (2018) Prevalance of forward head posture among university students. RMJ, 43 (2), 260-262.



Turabian Style

Arfa Naz, Muhamamd Salman Bashir, Rabiya Noor. 2018. Prevalance of forward head posture among university students. Rawal Medical Journal, 43 (2), 260-262.



Chicago Style

Arfa Naz, Muhamamd Salman Bashir, Rabiya Noor. "Prevalance of forward head posture among university students." Rawal Medical Journal 43 (2018), 260-262.



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Arfa Naz, Muhamamd Salman Bashir, Rabiya Noor. "Prevalance of forward head posture among university students." Rawal Medical Journal 43.2 (2018), 260-262. Print.



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Arfa Naz, Muhamamd Salman Bashir, Rabiya Noor (2018) Prevalance of forward head posture among university students. Rawal Medical Journal, 43 (2), 260-262.








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  Approved by the Higher Education Commission of Pakistan and Pakistan Medical and Dental Council


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